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Plainview, Texas
Plainview City Hall
Plainview City Hall
Location of Plainview, Texas
Plainview, Texas is located in Texas
Plainview, Texas
Plainview, Texas
Location in Texas
Plainview, Texas is located in the United States
Plainview, Texas
Plainview, Texas
Location in the United States
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Hale
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 13.89 sq mi (35.99 km2)
 • Land 13.89 sq mi (35.99 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 22,194
 • Estimate 
(2019)
20,143
 • Density 1,449.66/sq mi (559.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
79072-79073
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-57980
GNIS feature ID 1365375

Plainview is a city in and the county seat of Hale County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,194.

Geography

Plainview is located at 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889 (34.191204, -101.718806) and is located on the Llano Estacado.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.8 square miles (36 km2), all land.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Plainview has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,829
1920 3,989 41.0%
1930 8,834 121.5%
1940 8,263 −6.5%
1950 14,044 70.0%
1960 18,735 33.4%
1970 19,096 1.9%
1980 22,187 16.2%
1990 21,700 −2.2%
2000 22,336 2.9%
2010 22,194 −0.6%
2019 (est.) 20,143 −9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, 22,336 people, 7,626 households, and 5,666 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,621.0 inhabitants per square mile (625.9/km2). The 8,471 housing units averaged 614.8/sq mi (237.4/km2). The racial makeup in the city was 63.21% White, 5.87% African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 26.59% from other races, and 2.77% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 49.83% of the population.

Of the 7,626 households, 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were not families. About 22.7% of all households were composed of single individuals, and 11.2% were households of persons 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.82, and the average family size was four.

In the city, the population was distributed as 31.0% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income per household was $31,551, and per family was $35,215. Males had a median income of $26,434 versus $19,888 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,791. About 15.0% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18, and 14.8% of those aged 65 or over.

In media

The 1992 Steve Martin film Leap of Faith was partially filmed on location in Plainview. Until 2016, the downtown water tower bore the name and mascot of the fictional town in which the movie is set: The Rustwater Bengals. The Quick Lunch Diner, where several scenes were filmed, is now closed, and the site is now home to the Broadway Brew.

In the eighteenth episode of the second season of Vice Plainview was featured as a ghost town in a feature called "Deliver Us from Drought".

National Register of Historic Places



Economy

In 2009, the Texas Department of State Health Services ordered the recall of all products produced by a processing facility near Plainview owned by Peanut Corporation of America. Rodents and feathers in the plant had been found in the facility's products. The closure was not related to closures of PCA plants due to Salmonella concerns.

A Cargill beef processing plant, then the largest employer in the city, closed in 2013 due to lack of incoming animals, a result of the 2010–2012 drought. The closure created challenges for the city, as an estimated 2,300 employees and their families relocated.

Education

The city is served by the Plainview Independent School District, which enrolled 5,585 students as of 2018. The district attracts transfer students from surrounding school districts. Due to the PISD's size compared to surrounding districts, many of the district's schools provide extensive support for disabled students and students with special needs not available at other schools outside the district, in addition to more specialized courses. The mascot for the Plainview High School is a grey English Bulldog nicknamed "Big Red".

Wayland Baptist University, a private, four-year, coeducational, Baptist university, is based in the city. In 1908, when the school was founded, the campus was more than a mile from the city limit. The Museum of the Llano Estacado, which opened in 1976, is located on the university grounds. The museum is home to a permanent exhibit featuring artifacts from the Plainview Site, and fossilized remains of a Columbian mammoth known as the "Imperial Mammoth".

An extension of South Plains College serves the residents of the city.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Plainview (Texas) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
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