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Hale County, Texas facts for kids

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Hale County
The Hale County Courthouse in Plainview
The Hale County Courthouse in Plainview
Map of Texas highlighting Hale County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1888
Seat Plainview
Largest city Plainview
 • Total 1,005 sq mi (2,600 km2)
 • Land 1,005 sq mi (2,600 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.01%%
 • Total 36,273
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th

Hale County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 36,273. The county seat is Plainview. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1888. It is named for Lt. John C. Hale, a hero of the Battle of San Jacinto. Hale County comprises the Plainview, Texas micropolitan statistical area.


  • 7000 b.c. Paleo-Indians first county inhabitants. Later Native American inhabitants include the Comanche.
  • 1876 The Texas legislature forms Hale County from Bexar County.
  • 1881 Brothers T.W. and T.N. Morrison, and W.D. Johnson, establish the cattle Cross L Ranch and the XIT.
  • 1883 New York Methodist minister Horatio Graves becomes the first white permanent settler in the county.
  • 1886 The city of Plainview has its beginnings when sheep rancher Zachery Taylor Maxwell moves his family and 2,000 sheep from Floyd County to the site of two hackberry groves on the old military trail established by Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie. The city’s name comes from the area’s vista.
  • 1888 The county is organized. Plainview is the county seat.
  • 1900 The county has 259 farms and ranches, with a population of 1,680.
  • 1906 The Santa Fe Railway comes to Plainview.
  • 1906 Wayland Baptist College is founded in Plainview.
  • 1909 Businessman Levi Schick opens the Schick Opera House in Plainview.
  • 1911 The county's first motor-driven irrigation well is drilled.
  • 1912 The Texas Land and Development Company is organized in Plainview. The purpose is to entice settlers by dividing a large tract of land into individual farms, and preparing each farm for occupancy.
  • 1944 Plainview Site is discovered. In addition to bone and man-made artifacts, archeologists find the remains of 100 extinct bison about twice the size of modern size.
  • 1946 Oil is discovered in the Anton-Irish field of Lamb and Hale counties.
  • 1969 Country artist Jimmy Dean, brother Don Dean, and cousin-in-law Troy Pritchard found the Jimmy Dean Sausage Company and open the Jimmy Dean Meat Company in Plainview.
  • 1986 Hale County is one of 62 counties in Texas still legally barring the sale of alcohol.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,005 square miles (2,600 km2), of which 1,005 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 721
1900 1,680 133.0%
1910 7,566 350.4%
1920 10,104 33.5%
1930 20,189 99.8%
1940 18,813 −6.8%
1950 28,211 50.0%
1960 36,798 30.4%
1970 34,137 −7.2%
1980 37,592 10.1%
1990 34,671 −7.8%
2000 36,602 5.6%
2010 36,227 −1.0%
2019 (est.) 33,406 −7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 36,602 people, 11,975 households, and 9,136 families resided in the county. The population density was 36 people per mi2 (14/km2). The 13,526 housing units averaged 14 per mi2 (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.77% White, 5.79% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 23.80% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. About 47.90% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 11,975 households, 40.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were not families. About 21% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the county, the population was distributed as 30.20% under the age of 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 18.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,280, and for a family was $35,250. Males had a median income of $26,007 versus $20,057 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,655. About 14.30% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.30% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated place

Unincorporated community

Ghost Town

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