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Crosby County, Texas facts for kids

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Crosby County
Crosby County Courthouse in Crosbyton
Crosby County Courthouse in Crosbyton
Map of Texas highlighting Crosby County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1886
Named for Stephen Crosby
Seat Crosbyton
Largest city Crosbyton
Area
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land 900 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,133
 • Density 5.7/sq mi (2.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th

Crosby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 5,133. The county seat is Crosbyton. The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1886. Both the county and its seat are named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in Texas.

Crosby County, along with Lubbock and Lynn Counties, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA), encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area.

Until the passage of a referendum to permit liquor sales, held on May 11, 2013, Crosby County had been one of 19 remaining prohibition or entirely dry counties within Texas. That same day, voters in Denver City and Yoakum County also approved separate referenda to permit liquor sales. The number of prohibition counties in Texas at that time hence dropped to 17. Part of the large Matador Ranch of West Texas extends into the county. Republican Drew Springer Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Crosby County in the Texas House of Representatives.

History

  • 11000 b.c. Paleo-Indians first inhabitants. Archeological artifacts indicate Hunter-gatherers who hunted the Mammoth, Mastodon, Saber-Toothed Tiger, and Giant Ground Sloth. Later Native American inhabitants include the Comanche.
  • 1871 Ranald S. Mackenzie fights Quanah Parker and other Comanches at the Battle of Blanco Canyon. The campaign establishes the Mackenzie Trail used by the first settlers in Crosby County in the late 1870s.
  • 1876 The Texas legislature forms Crosby County from Young and Bexar districts.
  • 1878 Bavaria-born Heinrich Schmidtt, aka Henry “Hank” Clay Smith, and his wife Elizabeth Boyle and their six children, become the first permanent settlers in the area, where Hank is active in the county’s organization.
  • 1879 Confederate veteran Paris Cox first visits the Caprock Escarpment of the Llano Estacado with a group of buffalo hunters.
  • 1886 Estacado is named the county seat.
  • 1900 The beef industry thrives, supporting a count of 30,618 head.
  • 1908 The Bar-N-Bar Ranch begins selling acreage to farmers.
  • 1910 Crosbyton becomes the new county seat.
  • 1920 Some 45,400 acres (184 km2) in the county are planted in cotton. 15.000 apple and peach trees grow in the county.
  • 1929 Farmers own 83,000 chickens, and sell 395,000 dozen eggs.
  • 1941 The first soil-conservation district in the county is formed.
  • 1955 Oil is discovered in the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 62.svg U.S. Highway 62
  • US 82.svg Texas 114.svg U.S. Highway 82/State Highway 114
  • Texas 207.svg State Highway 207

Adjacent counties

Geographic features

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 82
1890 346 322.0%
1900 788 127.7%
1910 1,765 124.0%
1920 6,084 244.7%
1930 11,023 81.2%
1940 10,046 −8.9%
1950 9,582 −4.6%
1960 10,347 8.0%
1970 9,085 −12.2%
1980 8,859 −2.5%
1990 7,304 −17.6%
2000 7,072 −3.2%
2010 6,059 −14.3%
2020 5,133 −15.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Crosby County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,625 2,076 43.32% 40.44%
Black or African American alone (NH) 199 117 3.28% 2.28%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 13 8 0.21% 0.16%
Asian alone (NH) 4 12 0.07% 0.23%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 2 0 0.03% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 8 6 0.13% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 37 85 0.61% 1.66%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 3,171 2,829 52.34% 55.11%
Total 6,059 5,133 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Gallery

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