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Lynn County, Texas facts for kids

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Lynn County
Lynn County Courthouse in Tahoka
Lynn County Courthouse in Tahoka
Map of Texas highlighting Lynn County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1903
Seat Tahoka
Largest city Tahoka
Area
 • Total 893 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Land 892 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,596
 • Density 6.267/sq mi (2.4195/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th
Lynn County, TX, sign IMG 1492
Veterans Monument, Tahoka, TX IMG 1505
Veterans Monument at Lynn County Courthouse

Lynn County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 5,596. Its county seat is Tahoka. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1903.

Lynn County, along with Crosby and Lubbock Counties, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA), encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area (CSA).

Lynn County was one of 30 prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in Texas, but is now a moist county.

The county has two historical museums, the O'Donnell Heritage Museum, with a Dan Blocker room in O'Donnell, and the Tahoka Pioneer Museum in Tahoka.

The county is also home to the Lynn County Hospital District that provides medical care to the county and surrounding area

History

Native Americans

Apache and Comanche peoples roamed the high plains until various military expeditions of the 19th century pushed them away.

The Red River War of 1874 was a military campaign to drive out the Apaches, Comanches, and Kiowas in Texas. In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades. The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters.

Settlers

In the early 1880s, sheep and cattle ranchers began to set up operations in the county. The situation changed as large-scale ranching spread into the county.

W C. Young of Fort Worth and Illinois Irishman Ben Galbraith established the beginnings of the Curry Comb Ranch in the northwest part of Garza County. By 1880, it spilled over into Lynn County. The Square Compass Ranch of Garza County also protruded into Lynn County.

The county remained sparsely settled ranching territory for two decades after 1880. It had no towns; the population was nine in 1880, 24 in 1890, and 17 in 1900. Farmers began to move into the county and invest in corn, grains, and cotton.

County established

Lynn County was formed in 1876 from Bexar. The county was organized in 1903, with Takoha becoming the county seat.

New towns were founded during the early years of the 20th century. O'Donnell, named for railroad man Tom J. O'Donnell, was established in 1910 as a speculative venture based on the opening up of new farmlands in southern Lynn and northern Dawson Counties. Wilson, 13 miles (19 km) northeast of Tahoka, was established in 1912 to attract farmers to the newly opened lands of the Dixie Ranch. A large number of Central Texas Germans purchased county lands, thus beginning a small-scale migration of Germans into the county that lasted into the 1950s.

Cotton farming prospered in the early part of the 20th century. Farmers later expanded to wheat and sorghum, plus cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry, chiefly chickens and turkeys.

Oil was discovered in the county in 1950. By 1983, the total production was 10,612,550 barrels (1,687,261 m3).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 893 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 892 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is covered by water.

Geographic features

Major highways

  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • US 87.svg U.S. Highway 87
  • US 380.svg U.S. Highway 380

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 9
1890 24 166.7%
1900 17 −29.2%
1910 1,713 9,976.5%
1920 4,751 177.3%
1930 12,372 160.4%
1940 11,931 −3.6%
1950 11,030 −7.6%
1960 10,914 −1.1%
1970 9,107 −16.6%
1980 8,605 −5.5%
1990 6,758 −21.5%
2000 6,550 −3.1%
2010 5,915 −9.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Lynn County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,984 2,960 50.45% 52.89%
Black or African American alone (NH) 113 105 1.91% 1.88%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 28 15 0.47% 0.27%
Asian alone (NH) 8 10 0.14% 0.18%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 4 0.00% 0.07%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 5 12 0.08% 0.21%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 34 138 0.57% 2.47%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,743 2,352 46.37% 42.03%
Total 5,915 5,596 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

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