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Wilson, Texas
Photo of Wilson
The Green Building in downtown Wilson.
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Lynn
Region Llano Estacado
Established 1912
Founded by William Dickson Green
Elevation 3,120 ft (950 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 532
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79381
Area code 806
Wilson Texas Grain Silos
Grain silos on the south side of Wilson.

Wilson is a small rural city in the northeastern quadrant of Lynn County, Texas, United States.


The town of Wilson was established in 1912 by William Dickson Green of Shiner, Texas, and Lonnie Lumsden. Early settlers included German and Polish emigrant farmers that acquired property on former Wilson County School lands located in Lynn County, hence the city's name.

Wilson was founded in anticipation that the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway would lay tracks through the area. The Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company was one of the two major operating subsidiaries of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company (Santa Fe) in Texas, with lines crossing the Texas Panhandle and South Plains regions as well as a line across the Trans-Pecos to Presidio. A branch line between Slaton Junction and Lamesa was constructed in 1911 and this line would pass directly through Wilson.

In 1917, William Green built the "Green Building" that housed a mercantile store that quickly became the center of activity in this small town. The couple most involved in operating the store were Mr. and Mrs. J.T. Williams, who managed the store from 1916 to 1936, when Mr. Williams died. Mrs. Williams continued to manage the store for another few years until the early 1940s. In 1963, the citizens of Wilson celebrated the renovation of the Green Building and, today, the refurbished building serves as City Hall, historical museum, and continues to be a community gathering spot.

In 1923, Wilson, with only twenty residents, was among thirty-seven communities that applied to become the home of the new Texas Tech University, which was instead located to the north in Lubbock. Wilson offered the choice of six thousand acres for the institution, three times the amount required in the legislation authored by State Senator William H. Bledsoe of Lubbock, whose district included Lynn County. The institution could have picked any arrangement of land without disturbing any individual or even moving a fence.


Wilson rests upon the level high plains of the Llano Estacado in West Texas. It is situated at the intersection of Farm to Market Road 400 and Farm to Market Road 211. Farm to Market Road 400 runs parallel to the tracks of the former Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway. This branch line was abandoned in 1999 and Wilson no longer has access to rail transport.

It is located at 33°19′01″N 101°43′27″W / 33.31694°N 101.72417°W / 33.31694; -101.72417 (33.3170352 -101.7240454).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 403
1970 433 7.4%
1980 578 33.5%
1990 568 −1.7%
2000 532 −6.3%
2010 489 −8.1%
Est. 2015 475 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 489 people, down from 532 people in 2000. According to the 2000 census there were 182 households, and 139 families residing in the city. The population density was 816.8 people per square mile (316.0/km²). There were 194 housing units at an average density of 297.8/sq mi (115.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.56% White, 0.94% African American, 22.18% from other races, and 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 55.45% of the population.

There were 182 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,333, and the median income for a family was $32,000. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,654. About 15.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over.

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