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Borden County, Texas facts for kids

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Borden County
Borden County Courthouse in Gail
Borden County Courthouse in Gail
Map of Texas highlighting Borden County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1876
Named for Gail Borden Jr.
Seat Gail
Largest community Gail
 • Total 906 sq mi (2,350 km2)
 • Land 897 sq mi (2,320 km2)
 • Water 8.6 sq mi (22 km2)  1.0%%
 • Total 641
 • Density 0.7/sq mi (0.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th

Borden County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 631, making it the fifth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Gail. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891. Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden Jr., businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of six prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.


Native Americans

Shoshone and the Penateka band of Comanches were early tribes in the area.

County established

Borden County was created in 1876 from Bosque County and named for Gail Borden, Jr., the inventor of condensed milk. Borden was publisher and editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, as well as a political leader in the Republic of Texas. The county was organized in 1891, and Gail was made the county seat.

Farmers and ranchers settled the county, but the population remained relatively small. In 1902, Texas placed lands in the public domain and spurred a land rush in Borden County. Many of the newcomers grew cotton.

Borden County has had two courthouses, one built in 1890. The current courthouse is of brick and cement construction and was erected in 1939. The architect was David S. Castle Co.

Oil was discovered in the county in 1949. By 1991, more than 340,000,000 barrels (54,000,000 m3) of petroleum had been taken out of Borden County since discovery in 1949.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 897 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (1.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 180.svg U.S. Highway 180
  • Texas FM 669.svg Farm to Market Road 669

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 35
1890 222 534.3%
1900 776 249.5%
1910 1,386 78.6%
1920 965 −30.4%
1930 1,505 56.0%
1940 1,396 −7.2%
1950 1,106 −20.8%
1960 1,076 −2.7%
1970 888 −17.5%
1980 859 −3.3%
1990 799 −7.0%
2000 729 −8.8%
2010 641 −12.1%
2019 (est.) 654 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 729 people, 292 households, and 216 families resided in the county. The population density was 0.80 people per square mile (0.31/km)2. The 435 housing units averaged 0.48 per square mile (0.19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.53% White, 0.14% African American, 0.27% Native American, 6.31% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. About 11.93% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 292 households, 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were not families. Around 22.60% of all households consisted of individuals, and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was distributed as 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,205, and for a family was $36,458. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,364. About 14.00% of the population and 11.80% of families were below the poverty line. Of the total people living in poverty, 14.30% were under the age of 18 and 11.60% were 65 or older.

The county is served by nearby radio stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations.

The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Borden County are: · English – 17% · Irish – 15% · German – 12% · Mexican – 9% · French (except Basque) – 3% · Scotch-Irish – 3% · Other Hispanic or Latino – 3% · Scottish – 2% · Spanish – 1% · American Indian tribes, specified – 1%


There are no incorporated communities in the county.



The county is served mostly by Borden County Independent School District. The district offers kindergarten through 12th grade. Borden County School is among the few public schools in Texas to receive a distinguished GreatSchools rating of 9 out of 10. Many of the teachers reside in board-owned housing in Gail. The school offers six-man football, basketball, baseball, tennis, softball, UIL, FFA, and track.

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