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Garza County, Texas facts for kids

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Garza County
County
Garza County Courthouse in Post
Garza County Courthouse in Post
Map of Texas highlighting Garza County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1907
Seat Post
Largest city Post
Area
 • Total 896 sq mi (2,320 km2)
 • Land 893 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,816
 • Density 6.491/sq mi (2.5062/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th
Post Dispatch newspaper, Post, TX IMG 4610
Post Dispatch newspaper covers local events of Garza County.
Wells Fargo Bank, Post, TX IMG 4640
Wells Fargo Bank serves Garza County through its outlet in Post.

Garza County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 5,816. Its county seat is Post. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1907. Garza is named for a pioneer Bexar County family, as it was once a part of that county.

Giles McCrary, a leading civic figure in Garza County, was until his death in 2011 a rancher, oil developer, investor, and art collector. McCrary's OS Museum is a popular attraction in Post, which has made an extended effort to attract tourism.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Garza County in the Texas House of Representatives.

History timeline

  • 2000 b.c. – Indigenous peoples of the Americas are the first inhabitants. Later inhabitants were the Kiowa, Comanche.
  • 1875 W. C. Young of Fort Worth and Illinois Irishman Ben Galbraith establish the beginnings of the Curry Comb Ranch in the northwest part of Garza County.
  • 1876 Garza County is formed from Bexar County, and named for the prominent Bexar County family of José Antonio de la Garza.
  • 1880 County census count is 36 people.
  • 1882 The Square and Compass Ranch is started by the Nave and McCord Cattle Company. They put up the first barbed wire fence two years later.
  • 1884 OS Ranch is founded by brothers Andrew J. Long and Frank M. Long of Lexington, Kentucky.
  • 1900 County population is 185 persons.
  • 1907 Post is founded as a utopian venture by, and named for, cereal king Charles William Post.
  • 1909-1913 C.W. Post builds a cotton gin, a cotton mill, and attempts to improve agriculture production through rainmaking, involving the heavy use of explosives fired from kites and towers along the rim of the Caprock Escarpment.
  • 1926 Oil is discovered in the county.
  • 1934 Quanah and Bryan Maxey discover a sixteen-foot-long tusk of a prehistoric imperial mammoth. This tusk is currently located in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, NY.
  • 1957 A Prehistoric Indian site at Cowhead Mesa is recorded by Emmet Shedd of Post.
  • 1960-1965 South Plains Archaeological Society excavations of Cowhead Mesa find artifacts to date inhabitation back to 2000 b.c.
  • 1980 The most important business in the county are agribusiness, oil and gas extraction, and textile mills.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 896 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 893 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Major roads and highways

  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • US 380.svg U.S. Highway 380
  • Texas 207.svg State Highway 207
  • Texas FM 669.svg Farm to Market Road 669

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 36
1890 14 −61.1%
1900 185 1,221.4%
1910 1,995 978.4%
1920 4,253 113.2%
1930 5,586 31.3%
1940 5,678 1.6%
1950 6,281 10.6%
1960 6,611 5.3%
1970 5,289 −20.0%
1980 5,336 0.9%
1990 5,143 −3.6%
2000 4,872 −5.3%
2010 6,461 32.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Garza County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,962 2,162 45.84% 37.17%
Black or African American alone (NH) 392 230 6.07% 3.95%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 25 28 0.39% 0.48%
Asian alone (NH) 8 25 0.12% 0.43%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 0 0.05% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 10 0.02% 0.17%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 24 89 0.37% 1.53%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 3,046 3,272 47.14% 56.26%
Total 6,461 5,816 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities

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