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Terry County, Texas facts for kids

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Terry County
The Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield
The Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield
Map of Texas highlighting Terry County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1904
Named for Benjamin Franklin Terry
Seat Brownfield
Largest city Brownfield
Area
 • Total 891 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Land 889 sq mi (2,300 km2)
 • Water 2.1 sq mi (5 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 11,831
 • Density 13.278/sq mi (5.1268/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 19th

Terry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 11,831. Its county seat is Brownfield. The county was demarked in 1876 and organized in 1904. It is named for Benjamin Franklin Terry, a colonel in the Confederate Army. Terry County was one of 46 dry counties in the state of Texas, but is now a moist county. Terry County is one of the most productive pumpkin producing counties in the United States.

History

In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades. The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement, due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters.

Terry County was formed from Bexar County in 1876 and named for Col. Benjamin Franklin Terry, who commanded the Terry's Texas Rangers in the Civil War.

Terry County was organized in 1904. Brownfield as became the county seat.

The county was settled by ranchers such as Ira J. Coulver, J. R. Quinn, Englishman Q. Bone and Marion V. Brownfield. By 1910 Terry County had 235 farms and 23,000 acres (93 km2) of improved land, with corn being the most important crop.

Oil was discovered in the county in 1940 Terry County lies in the oil-rich north Permian Basin, and the discovery of oil quickly led to production. By 1991 almost 363,143,000 barrels (57,735,100 m3) of crude had been extracted from Terry County lands since 1940.

In 1991 Terry County was among the leading cotton counties in Texas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 891 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 889 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 62.svg U.S. Highway 62
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 380.svg U.S. Highway 380
  • US 385.svg U.S. Highway 385
  • Texas 137.svg State Highway 137

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 21
1900 48 128.6%
1910 1,474 2,970.8%
1920 2,236 51.7%
1930 8,883 297.3%
1940 11,160 25.6%
1950 13,107 17.4%
1960 16,286 24.3%
1970 14,118 −13.3%
1980 14,581 3.3%
1990 13,218 −9.3%
2000 12,761 −3.5%
2010 12,651 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Terry County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 5,747 4,599 45.43% 38.87%
Black or African American alone (NH) 565 389 4.47% 3.29%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 28 29 0.22% 0.25%
Asian alone (NH) 23 37 0.18% 0.31%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 5 24 0.04% 0.20%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 72 184 0.57% 1.56%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 6,211 6,569 49.09% 55.52%
Total 12,651 11,831 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

Cities and towns

Town

Unincorporated communities

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