Terry County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin Terry|
|• Total||891 sq mi (2,310 km2)|
|• Land||889 sq mi (2,300 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2) 0.2%|
|• Density||13.278/sq mi (5.1268/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Terry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 11,831. Its county seat is Brownfield. The county was demarked in 1876 and organized in 1904. It is named for Benjamin Franklin Terry, a colonel in the Confederate Army. Terry County was one of 46 dry counties in the state of Texas, but is now a moist county. Terry County is one of the most productive pumpkin producing counties in the United States.
In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades. The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement, due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters.
Terry County was formed from Bexar County in 1876 and named for Col. Benjamin Franklin Terry, who commanded the Terry's Texas Rangers in the Civil War.
Terry County was organized in 1904. Brownfield as became the county seat.
The county was settled by ranchers such as Ira J. Coulver, J. R. Quinn, Englishman Q. Bone and Marion V. Brownfield. By 1910 Terry County had 235 farms and 23,000 acres (93 km2) of improved land, with corn being the most important crop.
Oil was discovered in the county in 1940 Terry County lies in the oil-rich north Permian Basin, and the discovery of oil quickly led to production. By 1991 almost 363,143,000 barrels (57,735,100 m3) of crude had been extracted from Terry County lands since 1940.
In 1991 Terry County was among the leading cotton counties in Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 891 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 889 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.
- Hockley County (north)
- Lynn County (east)
- Dawson County (southeast)
- Gaines County (south)
- Yoakum County (west)
- Cochran County (northwest)
- Lubbock County (northeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||5,747||4,599||45.43%||38.87%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||565||389||4.47%||3.29%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||28||29||0.22%||0.25%|
|Asian alone (NH)||23||37||0.18%||0.31%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||0||0||0.00%||0.00%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||5||24||0.04%||0.20%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||72||184||0.57%||1.56%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||6,211||6,569||49.09%||55.52%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
Cities and towns
Terry County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.