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Parliament Building (Quebec) facts for kids

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Parliament Building
Hôtel du Parlement
Quebec City (14765614666).jpg
Parliament Building, in Quebec City
General information
Architectural style Second Empire
Address 1045 rue des Parlementaires
Town or city Quebec City, Quebec
Country Canada
Coordinates 46°48′32″N 71°12′51″W / 46.808762°N 71.214178°W / 46.808762; -71.214178
Construction started 1877
Completed 1886
Client Crown in Right of Quebec
Owner Crown in Right of Quebec
Technical details
Size 52 metres or 171 feet in height.
Design and construction
Architect Eugène-Étienne Taché

The Parliament Building (French: Hôtel du Parlement) is an eight-floor building in Quebec City and home to the Parliament of Quebec, composed of the Lieutenant-Governor and the National Assembly. The building was designed by architect Eugène-Étienne Taché and was built from 1877 to 1886. With the frontal tower, the building stands at 52 metres or 171 feet in height. The building is located in Place de l'Assemblée nationale, atop Parliament Hill in the district of Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire, just outside the walls of Old Quebec; this area is part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou.


The building features the Second Empire architectural style that was popular for prestigious buildings both in Europe (especially France, where the style originated) and the United States during the latter 19th century. Even though the building's symmetrical layout with a frontal clock tower in the middle is typical of legislative institutions of British heritage, the architectural style is believed to be unique among parliament buildings in Canadian provincial capitals. Its façade presents a pantheon representing significant events and people of the history of Quebec.

Additional buildings were added next to the Parliament Buildings:

  • Édifice André-Laurendeau was added from 1935 to 1937 to house the Ministry of Transport.
  • Édifice Honoré-Mercier was added from 1922 to 1925 to house the Ministries of the Treasury (Finances), the Attorney General, and the Secretary General of the National Assembly.
  • Édifice Jean-Antoine-Panet was added from 1931 to 1932 for the Ministry of Agriculture.
  • Édifice Pamphile-Le May added from 1910 to 1915 for the Library of the National Assembly, various other government offices and the Executive Council.
Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire (cropped)
A view of the building complex.


The Quebec National Assembly's facade has 22 statues of major people of the province's history and others on the building's grounds:

  • La halte dans la forêt (The Amerindian Family)
  • Lord Elgin, James Bruce
  • Francois-Gaston, Duc de Lévis
  • James Wolfe
  • Marquis de Montcalm, Louis Joseph
  • Honoré Mercier
  • Louis Hippolyte LaFontaine
  • Jean de Brébeuf
  • Nicolas Viel
  • René Lévesque
  • Jean Lesage
  • Maurice Duplessis
  • Poetry and history
  • Louis de Buade de Frontenac
  • Religion and Country
  • Samuel de Champlain
  • Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve
  • Francois-Xavier de Montmorency Laval
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • Jean-Jacques Olier
  • Charles-Michel de Salaberry
  • Robert Baldwin
  • Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester
  • Pierre Boucher
  • Jean Talon
  • Pierre Le Moyne Sieur d'Iberville
  • Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye
  • Jacques Marquette
  • Louis Jolliet
  • Marie Guyart
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