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Pitman, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Pitman
The Broadway Theater in Pitman
The Broadway Theater in Pitman
Motto: "The Small Town With A Big Heart"
"Everybody Likes Pitman"
Map of Pitman highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Pitman highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pitman, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pitman, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Gloucester County, New Jersey.png Gloucester
Incorporated May 24, 1905
Area
 • Total 2.308 sq mi (5.978 km2)
 • Land 2.266 sq mi (5.870 km2)
 • Water 0.042 sq mi (0.109 km2)  1.82%
Area rank 367th of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county
Elevation 125 ft (38 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 9,011
 • Estimate (2015) 8,898
 • Rank 255th of 566 in state
12th of 24 in county
 • Density 3,976.1/sq mi (1,535.2/km2)
 • Density rank 153rd of 566 in state
3rd of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08071
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401559070
GNIS feature ID 0885354

Pitman is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 9,011, reflecting a decline of 320 (-3.4%) from the 9,331 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 34 (-0.4%) from the 9,365 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough was named for Rev. Charles Pitman, a Methodist evangelist.

Until August 2014, Pitman was a dry town. Though the borough still does not allow liquor stores or bars, patrons can purchase wine by the bottle from local vineyards at select licensed establishments under the terms of a state law that bypasses municipal oversight. In 2016, a pair of local breweries opened in Pitman's Uptown business district under the terms of a state law that allows the sale of beer by the glass in tasting rooms.

History

In 1871, land was chosen in both Glassboro Township and Mantua Township to be set aside for a Methodist summer camp. The New Jersey Conference Camp Meeting Association was officially chartered and given authority over the land grant in 1872, and began planning the campground and organizing meetings. The land had an auditorium located on a central meeting ground, and twelve roads originated from the central area as spokes on a wheel, each representing one of the disciples of Jesus. This area became known as the Pitman Grove, and while worshipers' tents originally lined each of the twelve roads, cottages slowly replaced the tents and formed the foundation of the town of Pitman. By the 1880s, the number of cottages had climbed to 400 and residents had begun staying year-round, both of which led to the establishment of the first public school in 1884. In 1904, residents of Pitman Grove voted 122 to 35 for incorporation as an autonomous borough, and on May 24, 1905, Governor of New Jersey Edward C. Stokes signed a law granting the incorporation.

Pitman Grove was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.308 square miles (5.978 km2), including 2.266 square miles (5.870 km2) of land and 0.042 square miles (0.109 km2) of water (1.82%).

The borough borders Mantua Township, Washington Township and Glassboro.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,950
1920 3,385 73.6%
1930 5,411 59.9%
1940 5,507 1.8%
1950 6,960 26.4%
1960 8,644 24.2%
1970 10,257 18.7%
1980 9,744 −5.0%
1990 9,365 −3.9%
2000 9,331 −0.4%
2010 9,011 −3.4%
Est. 2015 8,898 −1.3%
Population sources:
1910-2000 1910--1920 1910
1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,011 people, 3,489 households, and 2,327 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,976.1 per square mile (1,535.2/km2). There were 3,705 housing units at an average density of 1,634.8 per square mile (631.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.08% (8,658) White, 1.14% (103) Black or African American, 0.09% (8) Native American, 0.62% (56) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (58) from other races, and 1.39% (125) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% (222) of the population.

There were 3,489 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 83.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,234 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,656) and the median family income was $92,120 (+/- $9,726). Males had a median income of $50,119 (+/- $5,616) versus $46,806 (+/- $6,937) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,777 (+/- $2,034). About 4.4% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 9,331 people, 3,473 households, and 2,431 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,068.3 people per square mile (1,573.2/km2). There were 3,653 housing units at an average density of 1,592.7 per square mile (615.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.16% White, 0.91% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 3,473 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.15.

Alboating
Alcyon Lake

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,743, and the median income for a family was $59,419. Males had a median income of $40,894 versus $30,889 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,133. About 2.8% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 37.20 miles (59.87 km) of roadways, of which 29.77 miles (47.91 km) were maintained by the municipality and 7.43 miles (11.96 km) by Gloucester County. New Jersey Route 55 runs along the periphery of the borough. County Route 553 passes through the borough.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service between the borough and Philadelphia on the 313, 408 and 412 routes.

The community is a planned stop on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system projected for completion in 2019.

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