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Pitman, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Pitman
The Broadway Theater in Pitman
The Broadway Theater in Pitman
Motto(s): 
"The Small Town With A Big Heart"
"Everybody Likes Pitman"
Map of Pitman highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Pitman highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pitman, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pitman, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey is located in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey
Location in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey is located in the United States
Pitman, New Jersey
Pitman, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Gloucester County, New Jersey.png Gloucester
Incorporated May 24, 1905
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
 • Land 2.22 sq mi (5.75 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)  1.81%
Area rank 390th of 565 in state
17th of 24 in county
Elevation
125 ft (38 m)
Population
 • Total 9,011
 • Estimate 
(2019)
8,741
 • Rank 255th of 566 in state
12th of 24 in county
 • Density 3,976.1/sq mi (1,535.2/km2)
 • Density rank 153rd of 566 in state
3rd of 24 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08071
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401559070
GNIS feature ID 0885354

Pitman is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 9,011, reflecting a decline of 320 (−3.4%) from the 9,331 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 34 (−0.4%) from the 9,365 counted in the 1990 Census. The borough was named for Rev. Charles Pitman, a Methodist minister.

Until August 2014, Pitman was a dry town. Though the borough still does not allow liquor stores or bars, patrons can purchase wine by the bottle from local vineyards at select licensed establishments under the terms of a state law that bypasses municipal oversight. In 2016, a pair of local breweries opened in Pitman's Uptown business district under the terms of a state law that allows the sale of beer by the glass in tasting rooms.

History

In 1871, land was chosen in both Glassboro Township and Mantua Township to be set aside for a Methodist summer camp. The New Jersey Conference Camp Meeting Association was officially chartered and given authority over the land grant in 1872, and began planning the campground and organizing meetings. The land had an auditorium located on a central meeting ground, and twelve roads originated from the central area as spokes on a wheel, each representing one of the disciples of Jesus. This area became known as the Pitman Grove, and while worshipers' tents originally lined each of the twelve roads, cottages slowly replaced the tents and formed the foundation of the town of Pitman. By the 1880s, the number of cottages had climbed to 400 and residents had begun staying year-round, both of which led to the establishment of the first public school in 1884. In 1904, residents of Pitman Grove voted 122 to 35 for incorporation as an autonomous borough, and on May 24, 1905, Governor of New Jersey Edward C. Stokes signed a law granting the incorporation.

Pitman Grove was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.308 square miles (5.978 km2), including 2.266 square miles (5.870 km2) of land and 0.042 square miles (0.109 km2) of water (1.82%).

The borough borders Mantua Township, Washington Township and Glassboro.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,950
1920 3,385 73.6%
1930 5,411 59.9%
1940 5,507 1.8%
1950 6,960 26.4%
1960 8,644 24.2%
1970 10,257 18.7%
1980 9,744 −5.0%
1990 9,365 −3.9%
2000 9,331 −0.4%
2010 9,011 −3.4%
Est. 2019 8,741 −3.0%
Population sources:
1910–2000 1910–1920 1910
1910–1930 1930–1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,011 people, 3,489 households, and 2,327 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,976.1 per square mile (1,535.2/km2). There were 3,705 housing units at an average density of 1,634.8 per square mile (631.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.08% (8,658) White, 1.14% (103) Black or African American, 0.09% (8) Native American, 0.62% (56) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (58) from other races, and 1.39% (125) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.46% (222) of the population.

There were 3,489 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 83.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,234 (with a margin of error of +/− $7,656) and the median family income was $92,120 (+/− $9,726). Males had a median income of $50,119 (+/− $5,616) versus $46,806 (+/− $6,937) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,777 (+/− $2,034). About 4.4% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 9,331 people, 3,473 households, and 2,431 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,068.3 people per square mile (1,573.2/km2). There were 3,653 housing units at an average density of 1,592.7 per square mile (615.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.16% White, 0.91% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population.

There were 3,473 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. Of all households 26.0% were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.15.

Alboating
Alcyon Lake

In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,743, and the median income for a family was $59,419. Males had a median income of $40,894 versus $30,889 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,133. About 2.8% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

2018-09-07 15 32 57 View north along New Jersey State Route 47 (Delsea Drive) at Pitman Avenue along the border of Pitman and Glassboro in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Route 47 northbound on the east edge of Pitman

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 37.20 miles (59.87 km) of roadways, of which 29.77 miles (47.91 km) were maintained by the municipality and 7.43 miles (11.96 km) by Gloucester County.

New Jersey Route 47 is the main highway directly serving Pitman, running along the borough's eastern border with Glassboro. County Route 553 and County Route 553 Alternate are the main county roads passing through Pitman. New Jersey Route 55 passes just to the west of Pitman in neighboring Mantua Township.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service between the borough and Philadelphia on the 313, 408 and 412 routes.

The community is a planned stop on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system that was projected for completion in 2019. However, as of 2019, completion is not expected until 2025.

Education

The Pitman School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 1,283 students and 142.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Elwood Kindle Elementary School with 158 students in grades K-5, Memorial Elementary School with 188 students in grades PreK-5, W. C. K. Walls Elementary School with 229 students in grades PreK-5, Pitman Middle School with 307 students in grades 6-8 and Pitman High School with 380 students in grades 9–12.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden operates St. Michael the Archangel Regional School in Clayton; Our Lady Queen of Peace Church in Pitman is one of the sending parishes.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Pitman, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pitman include:

  • George Anastasia (born 1947), author and journalist.
  • Madeline Brewer (born 1992), Actress best known for her roles in "Orange is the New Black" and "The Handmaid's Tale" .
  • Joe Crispin (born 1979), Gloucester County's all-time leading scorer for boys' high school basketball (2,651 career points) who played in the NBA for the Lakers and Suns
  • Jon Crispin (born 1981), Gloucester County's fourth all-time leading boys' scorer (2,319 career points) in high school. Played collegiately for two seasons at Penn State with brother Joe, then transferred and spent last two seasons with the UCLA Bruins.
  • Preston Foster (1900-1970), actor.
  • Harry Gamble (1930-2014), football coach and executive.
  • Erica Scanlon Harr (born 1982), Miss New Jersey 2004.
  • John E. Hunt (1908–1989), represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1967 to 1975.
  • C. Austin Miles (1868-1946), prolific writer of thousands of hymns and gospel songs, who was best known for his 1912 hymn "In the Garden".
  • Jane Moffet (born 1930), utility player who played for four seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
  • Patti Smith (born 1946), singer-songwriter, poet and visual artist.
  • John E. Wallace Jr. (born 1942), former Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
  • Don Wildman (born 1961), actor and television host.

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