Gloucester County, New Jersey facts for kids

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Gloucester County, New Jersey
Seal of Gloucester County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Gloucester County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1686
Seat Woodbury
Largest City Washington Township (population)
Franklin Township (area)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

337.18 sq mi (873 km²)
322.00 sq mi (834 km²)
15.17 sq mi (39 km²), 4.50%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

288,288
292,330 (2016 est.; 14th largest)
905/sq mi (349.5/km²)
Website: www.co.gloucester.nj.us
Named for: Gloucester / Gloucestershire, U.K.
County flag Flag of Gloucester County, New Jersey

Gloucester County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 292,330, making it the state's 14th-most populous county, an increase of 1.4% from the 2010 United States Census, when its population was enumerated at 288,288, in turn an increase of 33,615 (+13.2%) from the 254,673 counted in the 2000 U.S. Census. The percentage increase in the county's population between 2000 and 2010 was the largest in New Jersey, almost triple the statewide increase of 4.5%, and the absolute increase in residents was the third highest. Its county seat is Woodbury.

Gloucester County is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City. It is part of the Camden, New Jersey Metropolitan Division of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 337.18 square miles (873.3 km2), including 322.00 square miles (834.0 km2) of land (95.5%) and 15.17 square miles (39.3 km2) of water (4.5%).

Gloucester County is largely composed of low-lying rivers and coastal plains. The highest elevation in the county is a slight rise along County Route 654 southeast of Cross Keys that reaches approximately 180 feet (55 m) above sea level; the lowest point is at sea level on the Delaware River.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River (part)

History

GLOUCESTER COUNTY COURTHOUSE, WOODBURY, NJ
The old Gloucester County Courthouse in Woodbury

Swedesboro and Bridgeport were the among the earliest European settlements in New Jersey as a part of the 17th century New Sweden colony. Gloucester dates back to May 26, 1686, when courts were established separate from those of Burlington. It was officially formed and its boundaries defined as part of West Jersey on May 17, 1694. Portions of Gloucester County were set off on February 7, 1837, to create Atlantic County, and on March 13, 1844 to create Camden County. The county was named for the city of Gloucester / county of Gloucestershire in England.

Woodbury, founded in 1683 by Henry Wood, is the oldest municipality in the county. National Park, another town in the county, was the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Red Bank where Fort Mercer once stood. It is now the site of Red Bank Battlefield Park and the remains of the HMS Augusta laid there until they were moved and subsequently re sunk in Gloucester City on their way to Philadelphia. During the colonial era, Gloucester County's main economic activity was agriculture. Woodbury was the site of the county courthouse, the county jail, a Quaker meeting house (still in existence), and an inn (on the current location of Woodbury Crossings). Because of the county's many creeks leading to the Delaware River and the Atlantic Ocean, smuggling was very common.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 13,363
1800 16,115 20.6%
1810 19,744 22.5%
1820 23,089 16.9%
1830 28,431 23.1%
1840 25,438 * −10.5%
1850 14,655 * −42.4%
1860 18,444 25.9%
1870 21,562 16.9%
1880 25,886 20.1%
1890 28,649 10.7%
1900 31,905 11.4%
1910 37,368 17.1%
1920 48,224 29.1%
1930 70,802 46.8%
1940 72,219 2.0%
1950 91,727 27.0%
1960 134,840 47.0%
1970 172,681 28.1%
1980 199,917 15.8%
1990 230,082 15.1%
2000 254,673 10.7%
2010 288,288 13.2%
Est. 2016 292,330 1.4%
Historical sources: 1790–1990
1970–2010 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 288,288 people, 104,271 households, and 75,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 895.3 per square mile (345.7/km2). There were 109,796 housing units at an average density of 341 per square mile (132/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 83.56% (240,890) White, 10.06% (29,006) Black or African American, 0.17% (501) Native American, 2.64% (7,609) Asian, 0.03% (95) Pacific Islander, 1.41% (4,055) from other races, and 2.13% (6,132) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.76% (13,712) of the population.

There were 104,271 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.2.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.1 males.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 254,673 people, 90,717 households, and 67,221 families residing in the county. The population density was 784 people per square mile (303/km²). There were 95,054 housing units at an average density of 293 per square mile (113/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.07% White, 9.06% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 2.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 26.9% were of Italian, 24.4% Irish, 22.9% German and 11.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 90,717 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,273, and the median income for a family was $62,482. Males had a median income of $43,825 versus $31,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,708. About 4.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the county had a total of 1,698.59 miles (2,733.62 km) of roadways, of which 1,126.99 miles (1,813.71 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 406.47 miles (654.15 km) by Gloucester County and 145.11 miles (233.53 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 20.02 miles (32.22 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Various county, state, U.S. routes and interstates pass through the county. Major county highways include County Road 534, County Road 536, County Road 538, County Road 544, County Road 551, County Road 553, County Road 555 and County Road 557.

State Routes include Route 41, Route 42 (part of the North-South Freeway), Route 45, Route 47, Route 55, Route 77, Route 168 and Route 324 (only in Logan). The three U.S. routes that traverse include U.S. Route 130 in the northwest, U.S. Route 322 near the center, and U.S. Route 40 in the southern tip.

Interstate 295 is the only interstate in the county which also runs through the northwest for about 14 miles. The New Jersey Turnpike also passes through in the northwest. Only one turnpike interchange is located within Gloucester: Exit 2 in Woolwich.

Public transportation

The Glassboro–Camden Line is a proposed 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system planned to connect with the River LINE and PATCO Speedline in Camden and expected to be in operation in 2019.

Located within the Conrail South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area. freight rail in the county travels along Penns Grove Secondary, the Salem Branch, and the Vineland Secondary. SMS Rail Lines handles interchanges with CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway.

Port

The Port of Paulsboro is located on the Delaware River and Mantua Creek in and around Paulsboro. Traditionally one of the nation's busiest for marine transfer operations of petroleum products, the port is being redeveloped as an adaptable omniport able to handle bulk, break bulk cargo and shipping containers. Studies completed in 2012 concluded that the port is well suited to become a center for the manufacture, assembly, and transport of wind turbines and platforms the development of wind power in New Jersey

Municipalities

Gloucester County, New Jersey Municipalities
Index map of Gloucester County municipalities (click to see index key)

The following municipalities in Gloucester County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities
Clayton (2) borough 8,179 3,128 7.33 0.19 7.14 1,145.5 438.1
Deptford Township (20) township 30,561 12,361 17.61 0.25 17.36 1,760.3 712.0 Westville Grove
Blackwood Terrace
Oak Valley CDP (3,483)
Almonesson
Jericho
Salina
Good Intent
Gardenville Center
East Greenwich Township (15) township 9,555 3,405 14.92 0.48 14.44 661.7 235.8 Mount Royal
Mickleton
Wolfert
Tomlin
Elk Township (24) township 4,216 1,576 19.69 0.19 19.49 216.3 80.8 Hardingville
Aura
Franklin Township (23) township 16,820 6,104 56.47 0.56 55.91 300.9 109.2 Franklinville
Fries Mill
Star Cross
Janvier
Porchtown
Plainville
Malaga
Forest Grove
Glassboro (3) borough 18,579 6,590 9.22 0.04 9.18 2,022.9 717.5
Greenwich Township (13) township 4,899 2,048 12.03 3.06 8.97 546.2 228.3 Gibbstown CDP (3,739)
Billingsport
Harrison Township (18) township 12,417 4,089 19.23 0.09 19.14 648.7 213.6 Mullica Hill CDP (3,982)
Richwood CDP (3,400, part)
Ewan
Wrights Mill
Logan Township (12) township 6,042 2,172 26.93 5.00 21.93 275.6 99.1 Beckett CDP (4,847)
Bridgeport
Center Square
Nortonville
Repaupo
Mantua Township (19) township 15,217 5,980 15.92 0.07 15.85 960.1 377.3 Barnsboro
Sewell
Richwood CDP (59, part)
Monroe Township (22) township 36,129 13,387 46.93 0.53 46.39 778.8 288.6 Victory Lakes CDP (2,111)
Williamstown CDP (15,567)
Cross Keys
New Brooklyn
Broad Lane
Cecil
National Park (9) borough 3,036 1,153 1.45 0.45 1.00 3,023.2 1,148.1
Newfield (1) borough 1,553 626 1.71 0.00 1.70 912.0 367.6
Paulsboro (10) borough 6,097 2,533 2.60 0.71 1.90 3,216.4 1,336.2
Pitman (4) borough 9,011 3,705 2.31 0.04 2.27 3,976.1 1,634.8
South Harrison Township (17) township 3,162 1,056 15.73 0.05 15.68 201.7 67.4 Harrisonville
Cedar Grove
Swedesboro (11) borough 2,584 1,004 0.76 0.03 0.72 3,568.4 1,386.5
Washington Township (21) township 48,559 17,810 21.60 0.22 21.38 2,271.0 833.0 Turnersville CDP (3,742)
Hurffville
Grenloch
Wenonah (5) borough 2,278 860 0.98 0.01 0.97 2,342.8 884.4
West Deptford Township (14) township 21,677 9,441 17.87 2.45 15.41 1,406.6 612.6 Colonial Manor
Greenfields Village
Mantua Grove
Red Bank
Thorofare
Verga
Westville (8) borough 4,288 1,912 1.38 0.35 1.02 4,187.0 1,867.0
Woodbury (7) city 10,174 4,456 2.06 0.05 2.01 5,064.0 2,217.9
Woodbury Heights (6) borough 3,055 1,125 1.23 0.01 1.22 2,499.4 920.4
Woolwich Township (16) township 10,200 3,275 21.23 0.32 20.91 487.8 156.6 Asbury
Sandy Hill
Grand Sprute
Porches Mill
Gloucester County county 288,288 109,796 337.18 15.17 322.01 895.3 341.0

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Woodbury, New Jersey
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
40
26
 
 
2.8
 
44
28
 
 
3.8
 
53
34
 
 
3.6
 
64
44
 
 
3.7
 
74
54
 
 
3.4
 
83
64
 
 
4.4
 
87
69
 
 
3.5
 
85
68
 
 
3.8
 
78
60
 
 
3.2
 
67
48
 
 
3
 
56
39
 
 
3.6
 
45
30
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Woodbury have ranged from a low of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.75 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.35 inches (110 mm) in July.


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