Camden County, New Jersey facts for kids
|Camden County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 13, 1844|
|Largest City||Camden (population)
Winslow Township (area)
227.293 sq mi (589 km²)
221.263 sq mi (573 km²)
6.030 sq mi (16 km²), 2.32%
510,150 (2016 est.; 8th in state)
2,309/sq mi (891.6/km²)
|Named for: Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden|
Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Camden. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 510,150, making it the state's 8th-largest county, representing a 0.7% decrease from the 513,657 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn having increased by 4,725 (up 0.9%, the third-lowest growth rate in the state) from the 508,932 counted in the 2000 Census. The most populous place was Camden, with 77,344 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Winslow Township covered 58.19 square miles (150.7 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.
It was formed on March 13, 1844, from portions of Gloucester County. The county was named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, a British judge, civil libertarian, and defender of the American cause.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 227.293 square miles (588.69 km2), including 221.263 square miles (573.07 km2) of land (97.3%) and 6.030 square miles (15.62 km2) of water (2.7%).
Located in a coastal / alluvial plain, the county is uniformly flat and low-lying. The highest points are a survey benchmark near the Burlington County line at 219 feet (67 m) above sea level. The low point is sea level, along the Delaware River.
The county borders the following counties:
- Burlington County, New Jersey – northeast
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – southeast
- Gloucester County, New Jersey – southwest
- Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania – northwest
National protected area
- Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River (part)
Climate and weather
|Weather chart for Camden, New Jersey|
|temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Camden have ranged from a low of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.75 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.35 inches (110 mm) in July.
|Historical sources: 1790–1990
1970–2010 2000 2010
While many of its municipalities are working class, Camden County has many contrasts in its demographics. Most of Camden and parts of Lindenwold are considered highly impoverished, while Cherry Hill Township, Voorhees Township, Haddon Heights and Haddonfield have upper-income enclaves.
As of the census of 2010, there were 513,657 people, 190,980 households, and 129,866 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,321.5 per square mile (896.3/km2). There were 204,943 housing units at an average density of 926.2 per square mile (357.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the county was 65.29% (335,389) White, 19.55% (100,441) Black or African American, 0.31% (1,608) Native American, 5.11% (26,257) Asian, 0.03% (165) Pacific Islander, 7.08% (36,354) from other races, and 2.62% (13,443) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.24% (73,124) of the population.
There were 190,980 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.7 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 508,932 people, 185,744 households, and 129,835 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,289 people per square mile (884/km²). There were 199,679 housing units at an average density of 898 per square mile (347/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.88% White American, 18.09% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.09% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 20.6% of residents were of Irish, 18.2% Italian, 15.7% German and 8.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 185,744 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $48,097, and the median income for a family was $57,429. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $30,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,354. About 8.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Municipalities in Camden County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:
(with map key)
|Audubon Park (6)||borough||1,023||499||0.16||0.01||0.15||7,046.7||3,437.3|
|Berlin (28)||borough||7,588||2,949||3.60||0.01||3.59||2,114.9||821.9||New Freedom|
|Berlin Township (32)||township||5,357||2,069||3.24||0.01||3.23||1,657.5||640.2||West Berlin|
|Cherry Hill (35)||township||71,045||28,452||24.24||0.15||24.10||2,948.3||1,180.7||Ashland CDP (8,302)
Barclay CDP (4,428)
Cherry Hill Mall CDP (14,171)
Ellisburg CDP (4,413)
Golden Triangle CDP (4,145)
Greentree CDP (11,367)
Kingston Estates CDP (5,685)
Springdale CDP (14,518)
|Gloucester City (5)||city||11,456||4,712||2.78||0.46||2.32||4,937.8||2,031.0|
|Gloucester Township (33)||township||64,634||24,711||23.26||0.28||22.98||2,812.2||1,075.2||Blackwood CDP (4,545)
Glendora CDP (4,750)
|Haddon Township (36)||township||14,707||6,477||2.79||0.10||2.69||5,472.6||2,410.1|
|Haddon Heights (13)||borough||7,473||3,159||1.57||0.01||1.57||4,764.1||2,013.9|
|Laurel Springs (22)||borough||1,908||771||0.47||0.01||0.46||4,163.7||1,682.5|
|Mount Ephraim (10)||borough||4,676||2,010||0.90||0.02||0.88||5,307.9||2,281.6|
|Pennsauken Township (37)||township||35,885||13,275||12.08||1.65||10.44||3,438.9||1,272.2|
|Pine Hill (26)||borough||10,233||4,357||3.91||0.04||3.87||2,643.4||1,125.5|
|Pine Valley (27)||borough||12||22||1.00||0.02||0.98||12.2||22.4|
|Voorhees Township (34)||township||29,131||12,260||11.64||0.15||11.49||2,534.9||1,066.8||Echelon CDP (10,743)
|Waterford Township (31)||township||10,649||3,839||36.27||0.23||36.04||295.5||106.5||Atco
|Winslow Township (30)||township||39,499||14,560||58.19||0.85||57.34||688.8||253.9||Albion
Defunct municipalities in the county (with years of formation and dissolution listed in parentheses) include:
- Centre Township (1855–1926)
- Clementon Township (1903–1941)
- Delaware Township (renamed as Cherry Hill)
- Newton Township (1695–1871)
- Stockton Township (1859–1899)
- Union Township (1831–1868)
Arts and culture
Fine and performing arts
Symphony in C is based on the campus of Rutgers University-Camden
Perkins Center for the Arts has locations in Moorestown and Collingswood.
Poet Walt Whitman lived in Camden County.
Matthew Quick's novel The Silver Linings Playbook takes place in Collingswood and Voorhees, although the screen adaptation is set in Pennsylvania.
The Last Broadcast was partially filmed in the Pine Barrens.
Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle is partially set in Cherry Hill.
Camden was the setting for several scenes in 12 Monkeys.
Roads and highways
Camden County hosts numerous county, state, U.S. and Interstates. As of October 2015[update], the county had a total of 2,045.06 miles (3,291.21 km) of roadways, of which 1,535.22 miles (2,470.70 km) are maintained by the municipality, 377.65 miles (607.77 km) by Camden County and 104.41 miles (168.03 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 27.78 miles (44.71 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority or the South Jersey Transportation Authority.
Major county roads that pass through include County Road 534, County Road 536, County Road 537, County Road 543, County Road 544, County Road 551 and County Road 561.
State routes that pass through are Route 38, Route 41, Route 42 (the North-South Freeway), Route 47 (only in Brooklawn), Route 70, Route 73, Route 90 (the Betsy Ross Bridge), Route 143 (only in Winslow), Route 154 (only in Cherry Hill) and Route 168.
U.S. Routes that traverse are U.S. Route 30 and U.S. Route 130.
The interstates that pass through are Interstate 76 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Walt Whitman Bridge), Interstate 295 and Interstate 676 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Ben Franklin Bridge (which is multiplexed with US 30)).
Other limited access roads that pass through are the Atlantic City Expressway and the New Jersey Turnpike. There are five ACE interchanges that are within the county borders: Exits 44 (at NJ 42), 41 (at Berlin-Cross Keys Road / CR 689), 38 (at Williamstown-New Freedom Road / CR 536 Spur), 33 (connecting to NJ 73) and 31 (at NJ 73). The only turnpike interchange that is in the county is Exit 3 at the border of Runnemede and Bellmawr.
New Jersey Transit has stations along the Atlantic City Line in Pennsauken, Cherry Hill, Lindenwold and Atco in Waterford Township, connecting Philadelphia to Atlantic City along the former Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines main line.
The River Line is a diesel tram-train light-rail system operated for New Jersey Transit by the Southern New Jersey Rail Group on a former Pennsylvania Railroad line from Trenton. Most stations in the county are in the City of Camden, including the Walter Rand Transportation Center, except for the Pennsauken Transit Center located in Pennsauken Township.
The PATCO Speedline, owned by the Delaware River Port Authority, runs a rapid transit line across the Ben Franklin Bridge from Philadelphia through Camden to the PRSL main right-of-way between Haddonfield and its eastern terminus in Lindenwold. Suburban station stops include Woodcrest, Westmont and Collingswood.
New Jersey Transit provides commuter and long distance bus service from many locations in the county to Philadelphia, with additional service to Atlantic City, New Jersey. Extensive local service is offered within the county, including routes to Camden and area train and light rail stations.
Camden County, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.