Berlin, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
See also: Berlin Township, New Jersey
Berlin, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Berlin
Long-A-Coming Depot, built in 1856 in Berlin and believed to be the oldest Surviving railroad station in New Jersey
Long-A-Coming Depot, built in 1856 in Berlin and believed to be the oldest Surviving railroad station in New Jersey
Nickname(s): "Long-A-Coming"
Berlin Borough highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Berlin Borough highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Berlin, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Berlin, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated April 26, 1927
Named for Berlin, Germany
Area
 • Total 3.601 sq mi (9.326 km2)
 • Land 3.588 sq mi (9.293 km2)
 • Water 0.013 sq mi (0.034 km2)  0.36%
Area rank 310th of 566 in state
10th of 37 in county
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 7,588
 • Estimate (2015) 7,590
 • Rank 302nd of 566 in state
17th of 37 in county
 • Density 2,114.9/sq mi (816.6/km2)
 • Density rank 284th of 566 in state
29th of 37 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08009
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3400705440
GNIS feature ID 0885158
Website www.berlinnj.org

Berlin is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 7,588, reflecting an increase of 1,439 (+23.4%) from the 6,149 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 477 (+8.4%) from the 5,672 counted in the 1990 Census.

Berlin was incorporated as a borough on March 29, 1927, from portions of Berlin Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 26, 1927.

History

What is now Berlin was known in earlier times as "Longacoming." Local Native Americans used Lonaconing Trail to describe the travel route that ran through the area, connecting the Jersey Shore to the Delaware River. Another tradition cites early European visitors who found a stream at the head of the Great Egg Harbor River and appreciated the respite as being "long a coming".

Long-A-Coming became a stopping point for stagecoaches located at the halfway point between Philadelphia and Atlantic City. Upon the creation of Camden County in 1844, it was briefly named the county seat (while the area was still a part of Waterford Township), until 1848 when the seat moved to the city of Camden. A rail line was laid in 1853. Three years later, the Long-A-Coming railroad station was built. In February 1867, the station was renamed "Magnolia". This caused confusion because there was a community called Magnolia nearby. Three months later, the station's name changed to Berlin. The name "Berlin" may have been chosen as a reference to the city of Berlin in Germany, though the derivation is uncertain.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Berlin borough had a total area of 3.601 square miles (9.326 km2), including 3.588 square miles (9.293 km2) of land and 0.013 square miles (0.034 km2) of water (0.36%).

The borough borders Berlin Township, Lindenwold, Pine Hill, Waterford Township, Clementon, and Winslow Township.

The borough is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the borough is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Camden County, along with areas in Atlantic, Burlington, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,955
1940 1,753 −10.3%
1950 2,339 33.4%
1960 3,578 53.0%
1970 4,997 39.7%
1980 5,786 15.8%
1990 5,672 −2.0%
2000 6,149 8.4%
2010 7,588 23.4%
Est. 2015 7,590 0.0%
Population sources:
1930-2000 1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,588 people, 2,806 households, and 1,967 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,114.9 per square mile (816.6/km2). There were 2,949 housing units at an average density of 821.9 per square mile (317.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.47% (6,865) White, 4.19% (318) Black or African American, 0.09% (7) Native American, 2.78% (211) Asian, 0.04% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.88% (67) from other races, and 1.54% (117) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.12% (237) of the population.

There were 2,806 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.1 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.3 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $65,771 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,475) and the median family income was $79,347 (+/- $13,820). Males had a median income of $53,102 (+/- $7,153) versus $47,292 (+/- $13,458) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $33,672 (+/- $5,917). About 4.4% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,149 people, 2,205 households, and 1,660 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,718.6 people per square mile (663.2/km2). There were 2,275 housing units at an average density of 635.8 per square mile (245.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.06% White, 2.18% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.69% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.11% of the population.

There were 2,205 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

Hindu Temple Taunton Berlin NJ HD CamdenCo
Hindu temple on Taunton Street

The median income for a household in the borough was $60,286, and the median income for a family was $68,704. Males had a median income of $44,211 versus $31,980 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,675. About 1.9% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 41.51 miles (66.80 km) of roadways, of which 27.66 miles (44.51 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.52 miles (15.32 km) by Camden County and 4.33 miles (6.97 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus service is available in the borough on the 554 route, which operates between the Lindenwold train station and Atlantic City.

Camden County Airport is located one mile southwest of the central business district.

Berlin was formerly served by the Berlin Railroad Station.

Images for kids


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