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Oaklyn, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Oaklyn
Motto(s): 
Catch the Hometown Spirit
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 39°54′08″N 75°04′50″W / 39.9023°N 75.080573°W / 39.9023; -75.080573Coordinates: 39°54′08″N 75°04′50″W / 39.9023°N 75.080573°W / 39.9023; -75.080573
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Settled 1681
Incorporated March 13, 1905
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.69 sq mi (1.78 km2)
 • Land 0.63 sq mi (1.62 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)  8.70%
Area rank 531st of 565 in state
30th of 37 in county
Elevation
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 • Total 4,038
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,955
 • Rank 411th of 566 in state
26th of 37 in county
 • Density 6,432.9/sq mi (2,483.8/km2)
 • Density rank 74th of 566 in state
5th of 37 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08107
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3400753880
GNIS feature ID 0885331

Oaklyn is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,038, reflecting a decline of 150 (-3.6%) from the 4,188 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 242 (-5.5%) from the 4,430 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

Oaklyn was once dense forest land which was inhabited by Lenape Native Americans. In 1681, a group of Quakers seeking religious freedom sailed from Ireland to Fenwick's Colony at Salem, New Jersey where they spent the winter. In 1682, they sailed up the Delaware River and settled on Newton Creek. William Bates, their leader, purchased 250 acres (1.0 km2) on the south side of Newton Creek from the local Native Americans. The original Quaker settlement, known as Newton Colony, was located in The Manor section of today's Oaklyn.

The Colony began to grow rapidly and the land was cleared for farming. Eventually two highways were laid out. One, from the Delaware River to Egg Harbor, followed an old Native American trail, which is today the Black Horse Pike. The other was known as the Long-a-coming trail, which extended from Atlantic City to Berlin and then from Berlin to Camden. This trail is now known as the White Horse Pike.

After the American Revolutionary War, a group of Virginia sportsmen built a racetrack on the east side of the White Horse Pike. President Ulysses S. Grant visited this track as a young man before it closed in 1846. Samuel Bettle bought the land which was formerly the racetrack and eventually, the land was deeded to Haddon Township.

As the years passed, the farms along Newton Creek were divided into lots and the development called "Oakland the Beautiful", for the many trees in the area. The name was changed to Oaklyn in 1894 to avoid confusion with another Oakland in North Jersey.

Oaklyn was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 13, 1905, from portions of Haddon Township.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.694 square miles (1.796 km2), including 0.628 square miles (1.626 km2) of land and 0.066 square miles (0.170 km2) of water (9.48%).

Oaklyn borders the Camden County municipalities of Audubon, Audubon Park, Collingswood, and Haddon Township.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 653
1920 1,148 75.8%
1930 3,843 234.8%
1940 3,869 0.7%
1950 4,889 26.4%
1960 4,778 −2.3%
1970 4,626 −3.2%
1980 4,223 −8.7%
1990 4,430 4.9%
2000 4,188 −5.5%
2010 4,038 −3.6%
2019 (est.) 3,955 −2.1%
Population sources: 1910-2000
1910-1920 1910
1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,038 people, 1,725 households, and 1,007 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,432.9 per square mile (2,483.8/km2). There were 1,847 housing units at an average density of 2,942.4 per square mile (1,136.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.40% (3,731) White, 2.48% (100) Black or African American, 0.22% (9) Native American, 1.81% (73) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.49% (60) from other races, and 1.58% (64) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.37% (217) of the population.

There were 1,725 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 96.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,690 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $86,019 (+/- $13,045). Males had a median income of $52,963 (+/- $6,041) versus $44,653 (+/- $12,251) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,168 (+/- $2,965). About 1.6% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census of 2000, there were 4,188 people, 1,791 households, and 1,067 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,824.2 people per square mile (2,650.8/km2). There were 1,893 housing units at an average density of 3,084.6 per square mile (1,198.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.92% White, 1.15% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 1,791 households, out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,364, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,474 versus $30,243 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,157. About 5.2% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 11.92 miles (19.18 km) of roadways, of which 7.69 miles (12.38 km) were maintained by the borough, 3.57 miles (5.75 km) by Camden County and 0.66 miles (1.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus service between Sicklerville and Philadelphia on the 400 route, between Turnersville and Camden on the 403 route and between Cherry Hill and Camden on the 450 route.

Education

Oaklyn Public School District served students in kindergarten through ninth grade through the 2017–2018 school year. Starting with the 2018–2019 school year Oaklyn Public School serves students in kindergarten through fifth grade. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 366 students and 39.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.4:1. Oaklyn Public School served students from the Borough of Hi-Nella, who attended as part of a sending/receiving relationship. The Hi-Nella relationship ended in 2011 with a complete phase-out by 2016.

Public school students from Oaklyn in sixth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood Middle School and Collingswood High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools that has been in place for over 40 years. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 735 students and 64.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Oaklyn include:

  • Mitch Albom (born 1958), author, journalist, screenwriter, playwright, radio and television broadcaster and musician.
  • William Bates (died 1700), the borough's first English settler.
  • Andrew Clements (1949–2019), writer of children's books, known for his debut novel Frindle
  • Tom Deery (born 1960), inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
  • Ralph W. E. Donges (1875-1974), Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1930 to 1948.
  • Matthew Quick (born 1974), author of The Silver Linings Playbook.

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