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Oakland, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Oakland
Demarest House
Demarest House
Map highlighting Oakland's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Map highlighting Oakland's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Oakland, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Oakland, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey is located in Bergen County, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey
Location in Bergen County, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey is located in the United States
Oakland, New Jersey
Oakland, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Bergen County, New Jersey.gif Bergen
Incorporated April 8, 1902
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 8.77 sq mi (22.71 km2)
 • Land 8.50 sq mi (22.02 km2)
 • Water 0.27 sq mi (0.69 km2)  3.06%
Area rank 223rd of 565 in state
5th of 70 in county
Elevation
233 ft (71 m)
Population
 • Total 12,754
 • Estimate 
(2019)
12,926
 • Rank 190th of 566 in state
25th of 70 in county
 • Density 1,508.6/sq mi (582.5/km2)
 • Density rank 335th of 566 in state
64th of 70 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
07436
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 3400353850
GNIS feature ID 0885330

Oakland is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States and a suburb of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,754, reflecting an increase of 288 (+2.3%) from the 12,466 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 469 (+3.9%) from the 11,997 counted in the 1990 Census.

Oakland was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1902, from portions of Franklin Township (now Wyckoff). The name comes from the white oak trees in the area.

History

The Van Allen House was built in 1748 and was a stop for George Washington and his troops in 1777.

From the 1940s through the end of the 1960s a summer bungalow colony was developed in a valley in West Oakland on the Ramapo River. This was a refuge for a close-knit group of several score families from the summer heat of New York City and urban New Jersey. During the summer months the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad provided service at a West Oakland passenger station. This colony was located on the road between Oakland and Pompton Lakes, near a training camp for boxers. In the early morning, a resident could see Joe Louis or Sugar Ray Robinson, among others, running past the summer homes.

One section of streets in the town are named after Native American tribes and Native American first names. Now considered politically incorrect, the borough had a wooden sign posted downtown that read "Once there was [sic] Indians all over this place" which had been donated by a resident who insisted on the wording of the sign as having been a quotation from an author.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 8.728 square miles (22.605 km2), including 8.454 square miles (21.897 km2) of land and 0.274 square miles (0.709 km2) of water (3.13%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Ramapo Lake and Rotten Pond.

The borough borders Franklin Lakes and Mahwah in Bergen County and Pompton Lakes, Ringwood, Wanaque and Wayne in Passaic County.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 479
1910 568 18.6%
1920 497 −12.5%
1930 735 47.9%
1940 932 26.8%
1950 1,817 95.0%
1960 9,446 419.9%
1970 14,420 52.7%
1980 13,443 −6.8%
1990 11,997 −10.8%
2000 12,466 3.9%
2010 12,754 2.3%
2019 (est.) 12,926 1.3%
Population sources:
1910-1920 1910
1910-1930 1900-2010
2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,754 people, 4,335 households, and 3,568 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,508.6 per square mile (582.5/km2). There were 4,470 housing units at an average density of 528.7 per square mile (204.1/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.71% (11,824) White, 0.89% (113) Black or African American, 0.19% (24) Native American, 4.17% (532) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.49% (62) from other races, and 1.55% (198) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% (681) of the population.

There were 4,335 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.7% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 92.9 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $111,390 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,160) and the median family income was $114,973 (+/- $7,378). Males had a median income of $82,750 (+/- $6,931) versus $59,349 (+/- $7,903) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $43,651 (+/- $3,082). About 0.7% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 21 households in 2010, an increase from the 18 counted in 2000.

Parks and recreation

Recreation is run by an all volunteer nine-member Recreation Commission. All members are appointed by the Mayor for a five-year term. There are a number of municipal recreational facilities in Oakland. The largest is a recreational area located off Oak Street, known to residents simply as the "Rec Field," but formally known as the Alexander Potash Recreation Complex, which is home to nine baseball and softball fields, six tennis courts, a roller hockey rink, basketball courts, and other facilities.

New Jersey's Ramapo Mountain State Forest is located in Oakland and can be accessed from Skyline Drive just north of its interchange with I-287.

Camp Tamarack, which was a year round camp operated by the Boy Scouts of America from the late 1920s until the mid-1980s, sits abandoned off of Skyline Drive. The camp ceased all activities and was taken over by the Bergen County park system in 1998. Many of the structures in the camp have been torn down, but some remain standing. Oakland is the current location of the headquarters of the Northern New Jersey Council.

The Rec Field is home to the annual carnival and fireworks that take place during the summer.

Oakland also offers a summer camp which runs for six weeks.

Awards

Oakland was ranked by Business Week as #43 on its list of "Great Places to Raise Kids -- for Less", with only two places deemed better than Oakland: Matawan (12th) and Echelon near Philadelphia (4th). The criteria were test scores in math and reading, number of schools, cost of living, recreational and cultural activities, and risk of crime. In 2013 Oakland was ranked by New Jersey Monthly as #1 for Young Families "...Oakland is woodsy and a bit remote, but its midsize homes, good schools and low crime rate make it popular with young families"

Transportation

2020-07-13 07 54 05 View south along Interstate 287 at Exit 58 (U.S. Route 202, Oakland) in Oakland, Bergen County, New Jersey
I-287 southbound in Oakland

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, Oakland had a total of 67.62 miles (108.82 km) of roadways, of which 54.95 miles (88.43 km) were maintained by the borough, 9.45 miles (15.21 km) by Bergen County and 3.22 miles (5.18 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Major roads through Oakland include Interstate 287 (including exits 57 and 58), Route 208 and U.S. Route 202.

Public transportation

Commuter bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City is available from Coach USA via Short Line.

NJ Transit bus service is also available on a limited basis via the 752 route between Oakland and Hackensack via Ridgewood.

A freight rail line, the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway, runs through Oakland. Commuter rail service ended in 1966.

Newark Liberty International Airport provides scheduled air service.

Oakland's railroad stations
The patch of grass representing the former Oakland Station, which was demolished in 1999, as viewed in October 2011
The former West Oakland station site, as viewed in October 2011, 45 years after station service ended.

Earlier railroad

A rail right-of-way was built by the New Jersey Midland Railway around 1870 and later served passengers on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad (NYS&W). until service was abruptly curtailed in 1966. Plans to restore service have not materialized. The borough is a stop on the annual Toys for Tots train.

Economy

Oakland's downtown shopping area is along Ramapo Valley Road (U.S. Route 202), with the Copper Tree Mall being the borough's largest single retail establishment.

There are a few industrial parks in Oakland, the biggest of which is off Long Hill Road near the Franklin Lakes border. The Oakland-McBride Center is the home of Royle Systems Group and of Topcon Medical Systems's United States operations.

Russ Berrie and Company, Inc., once headquartered in Oakland, is a major manufacturer of teddy bears and other gift products, including stuffed animals, baby gifts, soft baby toys and development toys as well as picture, candles, figurines and home fragrance products. Russ Berrie and Company, since renamed to Kid Brands, has since moved to Wayne and from there to East Rutherford.

Education

Public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Oakland Public Schools. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 1,362 students and 132.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Dogwood Hill Elementary School with 247 students in grades K-5, Heights Elementary School with 347 students in grades K-5, Manito Elementary School with 266 students in grades K-5 and Valley Middle School with 473 students in grades 6-8).

Students in ninth through twelfth grades for public school attend the schools of the Ramapo Indian Hills Regional High School District, a regional district serving students from Franklin Lakes, Oakland and Wyckoff. Students entering the district as freshmen have the option to attend either of the district's high schools, subject to a choice made during eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Indian Hills High School, located in Oakland (1,062 students) and Ramapo High School, located in Franklin Lakes (1,222 students). The district's nine-member board of education oversees the operation of the district; seats on the board are allocated based on population, with three of the nine seats allocated to Oakland. Franklin Lakes, Oakland and Wyckoff (FLOW district) approved the creation of a regional high school in 1954 by a vote of 1,060 to 51, with Ramapo High School (in Franklin Lakes) opened in 1957 and Indian Hills High School in 1960.

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.

Private schools include Barnstable Academy, a college preparatory school for students in fifth through twelfth grades located in a business and industrial park off Long Hill Road; The New Jersey Japanese School, which serves Japanese expatriates to prepare them for the Japanese educational system when the students eventually return to Japan, located next to Our Lady of Perpetual Help Church; and the Gerrard Berman Day School (Solomon Schechter of North Jersey), a Jewish day school for students in preschool through eighth grade, located on Spruce Street.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Oakland, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Oakland include:

  • Jonathan Ames (born 1964), writer, artist, actor who created HBO's Bored to Death.
  • Roger Nash Baldwin (1884-1981), one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union.
  • Ali Brustofski (born 1993), singer-songwriter who was a finalist on The CW TV network's singing show, The Next: Fame Is at Your Doorstep.
  • Cindy Callaghan (born c. 1970), author of children's books whose first book, Just Add Magic, was adapted into an Amazon television series by the same name.
  • Neil Cole (1926-2016), stock car racing driver who competed in 19 NASCAR Grand National events between 1950 and 1953.
  • Louis DiGiaimo (1938-2015), casting director and film producer.
  • W. Cary Edwards (1943-2010), politician who served as New Jersey Attorney General from 1986 until 1989.
  • Madge Evans (1909-1981), stage and film actress.
  • Scott Frank (born 1958), professional heavyweight boxer.
  • Sidney Kingsley (1906-1995), dramatist who received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his play Men in White in 1934.
  • Karen McCullah, screenwriter and novelist.
  • Doug McKeon (born 1966), actor, director and screenwriter who first achieved notability as a juvenile performer in the television series The Edge of Night and the films Uncle Joe Shannon and On Golden Pond.
  • Peter "Produce Pete" Napolitano (born c. 1941), grocer best known for his long-running television news produce segments and as a spokesman for the Pathmark supermarket chain who owns Napolitano's Produce in the borough.
  • Mike Teel (born 1986), football quarterback.
  • Valentin Turchin (1931-2010), Soviet-American cybernetician and computer scientist.
  • Lawrence Tynes (born 1978), placekicker who played for the New York Giants.
  • Arthur Vervaet (1913-1999), politician who served four terms in the New Jersey General Assembly and was mayor of Oakland for two years.
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