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Ringwood, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Ringwood
Ringwood Manor
Ringwood Manor
Map of Ringwood in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Ringwood in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ringwood, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Ringwood, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated March 22, 1918
Area
 • Total 28.173 sq mi (72.966 km2)
 • Land 25.211 sq mi (65.295 km2)
 • Water 2.962 sq mi (7.671 km2)  10.51%
Area rank 96th of 566 in state
2nd of 16 in county
Elevation 282 ft (86 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 12,228
 • Estimate (2015) 12,448
 • Rank 199th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county
 • Density 485.0/sq mi (187.3/km2)
 • Density rank 445th of 566 in state
15th of 16 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07456
Area code(s) 973 exchange: 962
FIPS code 3403163150
GNIS feature ID 0885370

Ringwood is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,228, reflecting a decrease of 168 (-1.4%) from the 12,396 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 227 (-1.8%) from the 12,623 counted in the 1990 Census.

It is the home of Ringwood State Park which contains the New Jersey Botanical Garden at Skylands and Skylands Manor, the Shepherd Lake Recreation Area and historic Ringwood Manor.

The Borough of Ringwood was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1918, from a "portion of the Township of Pompton", as one of three boroughs formed from Pompton Township, joining Bloomingdale and Wanaque, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1918. The first organizational meeting of the Borough Council took place in the existing Borough Hall on May 6, 1918. The borough was named for an iron mining company in the area.

History

The Lenape, an Algonquian language-speaking tribe of Native Americans who occupied much of the mid-Atlantic coastal areas and the interior mountains including along the Delaware River resided in the area of present-day Ringwood when Europeans first entered the area. Some retreated to the mountains to escape colonial encroachment.

Colonists called the local band the Ramapough, and named the Ramapo River and other regional features after them. Their descendants and Afro-Dutch migrants from New York were among the people who formed the multiracial group known as the Ramapough Mountain Indians, recognized in 1980 as the "Ramapough Lenape Nation" Native American tribe by the state of New Jersey, though the federal government has denied their application for formal recognition.

Early in the 18th century, colonists discovered iron in the area. The Ogden family built a blast furnace in Ringwood in 1742. By 1765, Peter Hasenclever used Ringwood as the center of his ironmaking operations, which included 150,000 acres (610 km2) in New Jersey, New York and Nova Scotia. Iron mining was prominent in the area from the 18th century until the Great Depression, and iron shafts and pits, landfills and other elements still exist. The London, Roomy, Peters and Hope mines were all originally opened by Peter Hasenclever's London Company.

Plein Air Painters at Long Pond, Ringwood, NJ
Plein air painters painting at Long Pond in Ringwood, NJ.

A number of well-known ironmasters owned and lived at Ringwood Manor from the 1740s to the late 19th century. During the American Revolutionary War, Robert Erskine managed ironmaking operations from Ringwood, and became George Washington's first geographer and Surveyor-General, producing maps for the Continental Army. Washington visited the Manor House several times. Ringwood iron was used in the famous Hudson River Chain, and for tools and hardware for the army. One of the Manor's last owners was Abram S. Hewitt, ironmaster, educator, lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and Mayor of New York City. The Manor is part of a National Historic Landmark District.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 28.173 square miles (72.966 km2), including 25.211 square miles (65.295 km2) of land and 2.962 square miles (7.671 km2) of water (10.51%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Brushwood Pond, Cupsaw Lake, Conklintown, Erskine, Harrison Mt. Lake, Lake Erskine, Monks, Negro Pond, Sheppard Pond, Stonetown, Upper Lake and Weyble Pond.

The borough borders Bloomingdale, Wanaque and West Milford in Passaic County; Mahwah and Oakland in Bergen County; Tuxedo and Warwick in Orange County, New York; and Ramapo in Rockland County, New York.

Climate

Ringwood has a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa).

Climate data for Ringwood, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2.2)
40
(4.4)
47
(8.3)
60
(15.6)
70
(21.1)
79
(26.1)
84
(28.9)
82
(27.8)
74
(23.3)
63
(17.2)
53
(11.7)
42
(5.6)
60.8
(16.02)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
21
(-6.1)
29
(-1.7)
40
(4.4)
49
(9.4)
58
(14.4)
64
(17.8)
62
(16.7)
54
(12.2)
43
(6.1)
35
(1.7)
26
(-3.3)
41.7
(5.37)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.11
(79)
2.99
(75.9)
3.85
(97.8)
4.21
(106.9)
4.09
(103.9)
4.64
(117.9)
4.42
(112.3)
4.41
(112)
4.42
(112.3)
4.49
(114)
4.06
(103.1)
3.92
(99.6)
48.61
(1,234.7)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,025
1930 1,038 1.3%
1940 977 −5.9%
1950 1,752 79.3%
1960 4,182 138.7%
1970 10,393 148.5%
1980 12,625 21.5%
1990 12,623 0.0%
2000 12,396 −1.8%
2010 12,228 −1.4%
Est. 2015 12,448 1.8%
Population sources: 1920
1920-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,228 people, 4,182 households, and 3,413 families residing in the borough. The population density was 485.0 per square mile (187.3/km2). There were 4,331 housing units at an average density of 171.8 per square mile (66.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.58% (11,321) White, 1.36% (166) Black or African American, 1.24% (152) Native American, 1.74% (213) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (144) from other races, and 1.88% (230) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% (707) of the population.

There were 4,182 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,139 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,896) and the median family income was $117,793 (+/- $9,712). Males had a median income of $70,086 (+/- $9,303) versus $54,397 (+/- $6,682) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,931 (+/- $2,197). Estimates of families and population below the poverty line were not available.

Same-sex couples headed 37 households in 2010, an increase from the 26 counted in 2000.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there are 12,396 people, 4,108 households, and 3,446 families residing in the borough. The population density is 491.0 people per square mile (189.5/km2). There are 4,221 housing units at an average density of 167.2 per square mile (64.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough is 93.87% White, 1.61% African American, 1.44% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,108 households out of which 42.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% are married couples living together, 7.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% are non-families. 12.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.00 and the average family size is 3.28.

In the borough the population is spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $81,636, and the median income for a family is $85,108. Males have a median income of $60,097 versus $36,005 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $31,341. 2.8% of the population and 2.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 2.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Community

Depending on where they live, Ringwood residents may be eligible to join one of several private lake communities: assorted lakes in Stonetown, Cupsaw Lake, Erskine Lakes or Skyline Lakes, each of which have annual fees and initiation fees.

Each year on the third Saturday in March, Ringwood holds its annual St. Patrick's Day Parade, the only such parade in Passaic County. Since 1990, the Parade Committee selects a grand marshal and a Citizen of the Year. These chosen outstanding citizens of the community are honored at a Unity Breakfast that precedes the parade. The parade includes bagpipe bands, floats, Irish step dancers, the county sheriff's department with their equestrian unit, local police, and fire and ambulance departments. Other marchers include Girl Scout and Boy Scout troops, local school groups and other recreational teams. The parade ends at the St. Catherine of Bologna Church Parish Center, where the celebration continues with live music and entertainment.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 87.52 miles (140.85 km) of roadways, of which 72.73 miles (117.05 km) were maintained by the municipality and 14.79 miles (23.80 km) by Passaic County.

Skyline Drive connects Ringwood and Oakland through Ringwood State Park. There are no state, U.S., or Interstate highways in Ringwood, but I-287 is accessible via Skyline Drive in neighboring Oakland. In June 2013, the first traffic light was installed in Ringwood, at the intersection of Skyline Drive and Erskine Road, though the borough still has no sidewalks or street lights.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus transportation is available at the Ringwood Park and Ride, located adjacent to Ringwood Public Library. The 196 offers express bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, while the 197 route offers local service, including to the Willowbrook Mall and Willowbrook Park and Ride.

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