kids encyclopedia robot

Ringwood, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Ringwood, New Jersey
Borough of Ringwood
Ringwood Manor
Map of Ringwood in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Ringwood in Passaic County. Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ringwood, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Ringwood, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Passaic
Incorporated March 22, 1918
 • Type Faulkner Act (council–manager)
 • Body Borough Council
 • Total 28.49 sq mi (73.80 km2)
 • Land 25.59 sq mi (66.27 km2)
 • Water 2.91 sq mi (7.52 km2)  10.20%
Area rank 95th of 565 in state
2nd of 16 in county
282 ft (86 m)
 • Total 12,228
 • Estimate 
 • Rank 199th of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county
 • Density 485.0/sq mi (187.3/km2)
 • Density rank 445th of 566 in state
15th of 16 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 973 exchange: 962
FIPS code 3403163150
GNIS feature ID 0885370

Ringwood is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 12,228, reflecting a decrease of 168 (-1.4%) from the 12,396 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 227 (-1.8%) from the 12,623 counted in the 1990 Census.

It is the home of Ringwood State Park which contains the New Jersey Botanical Garden at Skylands (plus Skylands Manor), the Shepherd Lake Recreation Area and historic Ringwood Manor.

The Borough of Ringwood was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1918, from a "portion of the Township of Pompton", as one of three boroughs formed from Pompton Township, joining Bloomingdale and Wanaque, based on the results of a referendum held on March 22, 1918. The first organizational meeting of the Borough Council took place in the existing Borough Hall on May 6, 1918. The borough was named for an iron mining company in the area.


The Lenape, an Algonquian language-speaking tribe of Native Americans who occupied much of the mid-Atlantic coastal areas and the interior mountains including along the Delaware River resided in the area of present-day Ringwood when Europeans first entered the area. Some retreated to the mountains to escape colonial encroachment.

Colonists called the local band the Ramapough, and named the Ramapo River and other regional features after them. Their descendants and Afro-Dutch migrants from New York were among the people who formed the multiracial group known as the Ramapough Mountain Indians, recognized in 1980 as the "Ramapough Lenape Nation" Native American tribe by the state of New Jersey, though the federal government has denied their application for formal recognition.

Early in the 18th century, colonists discovered iron in the area. The Ogden family built a blast furnace in Ringwood in 1742. By 1765, Peter Hasenclever used Ringwood as the center of his ironmaking operations, which included 150,000 acres (610 km2) in New Jersey, New York and Nova Scotia. Iron mining was prominent in the area from the 18th century until the Great Depression, and iron shafts and pits, landfills and other elements still exist. The London, Roomy, Peters and Hope mines were all originally opened by Peter Hasenclever's London Company.

Plein Air Painters at Long Pond, Ringwood, NJ
Plein air painters painting at Long Pond in Ringwood, NJ.

A number of well-known ironmasters owned and lived at Ringwood Manor from the 1740s to the late 19th century. During the American Revolutionary War, Robert Erskine managed ironmaking operations from Ringwood, and became George Washington's first geographer and Surveyor-General, producing maps for the Continental Army. Washington visited the Manor House several times. Ringwood iron was used in the famous Hudson River Chain, and for tools and hardware for the army. One of the Manor's last owners was Abram S. Hewitt, ironmaster, educator, lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and Mayor of New York City. The Manor is part of a National Historic Landmark District.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 28.173 square miles (72.966 km2), including 25.211 square miles (65.295 km2) of land and 2.962 square miles (7.671 km2) of water (10.51%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Brushwood Pond, Cupsaw Lake, Conklintown, Erskine, Harrison Mt. Lake, Lake Erskine, Monks, Negro Pond, Sheppard Pond, Stonetown, Upper Lake and Weyble Pond.

The borough borders Bloomingdale, Wanaque and West Milford in Passaic County; Mahwah and Oakland in Bergen County; Tuxedo and Warwick in Orange County, New York; and Ramapo in Rockland County, New York.


Ringwood has a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa).

Climate data for Ringwood, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
Average low °F (°C) 19
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.11


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,025
1930 1,038 1.3%
1940 977 −5.9%
1950 1,752 79.3%
1960 4,182 138.7%
1970 10,393 148.5%
1980 12,625 21.5%
1990 12,623 0.0%
2000 12,396 −1.8%
2010 12,228 −1.4%
2019 (est.) 12,198 −0.2%
Population sources: 1920
1920-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,228 people, 4,182 households, and 3,413 families residing in the borough. The population density was 485.0 per square mile (187.3/km2). There were 4,331 housing units at an average density of 171.8 per square mile (66.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.58% (11,321) White, 1.36% (166) Black or African American, 1.24% (152) Native American, 1.74% (213) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (144) from other races, and 1.88% (230) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% (707) of the population.

There were 4,182 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $109,139 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,896) and the median family income was $117,793 (+/- $9,712). Males had a median income of $70,086 (+/- $9,303) versus $54,397 (+/- $6,682) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,931 (+/- $2,197). Estimates of families and population below the poverty line were not available.

Same-sex couples headed 37 households in 2010, an increase from the 26 counted in 2000.


Depending on where they live, Ringwood residents may be eligible to join one of several private lake communities: assorted lakes in Stonetown, Cupsaw Lake, Erskine Lakes or Skyline Lakes, each of which have annual fees and initiation fees.

Each year on the third Saturday in March, Ringwood holds its annual St. Patrick's Day Parade, the only such parade in Passaic County. Since 1990, the Parade Committee selects a grand marshal and a Citizen of the Year. These chosen outstanding citizens of the community are honored at a Unity Breakfast that precedes the parade. The parade includes bagpipe bands, floats, Irish step dancers, the county sheriff's department with their equestrian unit, local police, and fire and ambulance departments. Other marchers include Girl Scout and Boy Scout troops, local school groups and other recreational teams. The parade ends at the St. Catherine of Bologna Church Parish Center, where the celebration continues with live music and entertainment.


2018-07-25 18 06 10 View north along Passaic County Route 511 (Greenwood Lake Turnpike) just north of Passaic County Route 692 (Skyline Drive) in Ringwood, Passaic County, New Jersey
County Route 511 in Ringwood

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 87.52 miles (140.85 km) of roadways, of which 72.73 miles (117.05 km) were maintained by the municipality and 14.79 miles (23.80 km) by Passaic County.

There are no state, U.S., or Interstate highways in Ringwood. The most prominent roads are County Route 511, which follows the Greenwood Lake Turnpike, and County Route 692, which follows Skyline Drive. The nearest major highway is I-287, and both CR 511 and CR 692 have interchanges with it in neighboring Wanaque and Oakland, respectively. Ringwood had no traffic lights until June 2013, when the town's first one was installed at the intersection of Skyline Drive and Erskine Road. The borough still has no sidewalks or street lights.

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus transportation is available at the Ringwood Park and Ride, located adjacent to Ringwood Public Library. The 196 offers express bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, while the 197 route offers local service, including to the Willowbrook Mall and Willowbrook Park and Ride.


Students in kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Ringwood Public School District. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of four schools, had an enrollment of 1,176 students and 102.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.5:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Peter Cooper Elementary School 267 students in grades K-3, Robert Erskine Elementary School 229 students in grades K-3, Eleanor G. Hewitt Intermediate School 251 students in grades 4-5 and Martin J. Ryerson Middle School 435 students in grades 6–8.

Ringwood's public schools are supported in part with grants from the Ringwood Educational Foundation, a not-for-profit organization which sponsors, among other things, the annual Shepherd Lake 5K run.

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Lakeland Regional High School in Wanaque, which serves students from the Boroughs of Ringwood and Wanaque. As of the 2017–18 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 911 students and 87.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.4:1.

Private schools used to include Ringwood Christian School, which was founded in 1973 through the Ringwood Baptist Church, serves 80 students in kindergarten through eighth grade, with part-time sessions available for pre-schoolers. St. Catherine of Bologna School, a regional Roman Catholic parochial school operating under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson that served kindergarten through eighth grade, closed in 2018 due to falling enrollment.

Notable people

See also (related category): People from Ringwood, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ringwood include:

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Ringwood (Nueva Jersey) para niños

kids search engine
Ringwood, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.