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Merchantville, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Merchantville
Cattell Tract Historic District
Cattell Tract Historic District
Merchantville highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey
Merchantville highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Merchantville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Merchantville, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 39°57′01″N 75°03′01″W / 39.950222°N 75.050337°W / 39.950222; -75.050337Coordinates: 39°57′01″N 75°03′01″W / 39.950222°N 75.050337°W / 39.950222; -75.050337
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 3, 1874
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Body Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.59 sq mi (1.54 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.54 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 542nd of 565 in state
31st of 37 in county
Elevation
82 ft (25 m)
Population
 • Total 3,821
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,700
 • Rank 422nd of 566 in state
27th of 37 in county
 • Density 6,371.3/sq mi (2,460.0/km2)
 • Density rank 75th of 566 in state
6th of 37 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08109
Area code 856
FIPS code 3400745510
GNIS feature ID 0885297

Merchantville is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 3,821, reflecting an increase of 20 (+0.5%) from the 3,801 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 294 (−7.2%) from the 4,095 counted in the 1990 Census.

Merchantville was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 3, 1874, from portions of Delaware Township (now Cherry Hill Township) and the now-defunct Stockton Township.

While one source attributes the borough's name to a family named Merchant, Francis F. Eastlack, in his History of Merchantville, tells the story of the four developers of Merchantville—Matthias Homer, John Louty, Samuel McFadden and Frederick Gerker—meeting and discussing names, when it was suggested "Gentlemen, as you are all merchants, why not call it Merchantville?"

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.600 square miles (1.553 km2), all of which was land.

The borough borders the Camden County municipalities of Cherry Hill Township and Pennsauken Township.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 245
1880 439 79.2%
1890 1,225 179.0%
1900 1,608 31.3%
1910 1,996 24.1%
1920 2,749 37.7%
1930 3,592 30.7%
1940 3,679 2.4%
1950 4,183 13.7%
1960 4,075 −2.6%
1970 4,425 8.6%
1980 3,972 −10.2%
1990 4,095 3.1%
2000 3,801 −7.2%
2010 3,821 0.5%
2019 (est.) 3,700 −3.2%
Population sources:1870
1880–2000 1880–1920
1880–1890 1890–1910
1910–1930 1930–1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,821 people, 1,574 households, and 966 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,371.3 per square mile (2,460.0/km2). There were 1,688 housing units at an average density of 2,814.6 per square mile (1,086.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 76.58% (2,926) White, 13.01% (497) Black or African American, 0.37% (14) Native American, 2.28% (87) Asian, 0.05% (2) Pacific Islander, 4.42% (169) from other races, and 3.30% (126) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.62% (444) of the population.

There were 1,574 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.5 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,358 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,850) and the median family income was $85,909 (+/- $16,985). Males had a median income of $49,926 (+/- $36,924) versus $41,369 (+/- $15,495) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,308 (+/- $4,408). About 11.7% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,801 people, 1,524 households, and 946 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,317.2 people per square mile (2,446.0/km2). There were 1,607 housing units at an average density of 2,670.8 per square mile (1,034.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.90% White, 7.42% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 2.84% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.47% of the population.

There were 1,524 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,392, and the median income for a family was $60,652. Males had a median income of $43,375 versus $30,771 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,589. About 5.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 12.84 miles (20.66 km) of roadways, of which 8.32 miles (13.39 km) were maintained by the municipality and 4.52 miles (7.27 km) by Camden County.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers bus service in the borough on the 404, and 405 and 407 routes to Camden with connecting bus and rail services into Philadelphia.

Education

Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Merchantville School District at Merchantville Elementary School. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 433 students and 33.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.9:1. Students from Merchantville attend Haddon Heights Junior/Senior High School (for the high school level only) as part of a sending/receiving relationship. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 906 students and 77.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1.

Merchantville had its own high school, Merchantville High School, until 1972, when it was shut down. At that point high school students attended Pennsauken High School in Pennsauken Township. In 1992 the borough of Merchantville made plans to switch its high school students to Haddon Heights High, but the New Jersey Commissioner of Education did not allow these plans to go forward. In 2012 the board of the Merchantville School District decided to send its students to Haddon Heights High. the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education approved the proposal and beginning in September 2015 Merchantville began sending students to Haddon Heights, joining students from Barrington and Lawnside, who already attended the Haddon Heights school. Students who had already been attending Pennsauken High before the 2015 transition continued to attend the school until their graduation.

St. Peter School is a K-8 elementary school that opened in 1927 and operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Merchantville include:

  • Alfred L. Banyard (1908-1992), seventh bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey, serving from 1955 to 1973.
  • Al Besselink (born 1922), professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour in the 1950s and 1960s.
  • Alexander G. Cattell (1816–1894), one of Merchantville's earliest developers, he represented New Jersey in the United States Senate from 1866 to 1871.
  • George Arthur Crump (1871–1918), hotelier and golf course architect primarily known for designing and building Pine Valley Golf Club.
  • George Dempsey (1929–2017), professional basketball player who played point guard in the NBA for the Philadelphia Warriors and Syracuse Nationals.
  • Don Evans (1938–2003), African-American playwright, director, actor and educator.
  • William Joseph Fallon (born 1944), United States Navy admiral who was Commander of United States Central Command prior to retiring in 2008.
  • Charles G. Garrison (1849–1924), physician, lawyer, and judge who served as Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1888 to 1893 and from 1896 to 1900.
  • Bob Greacen (born 1947), former professional basketball player who played for the Milwaukee Bucks and the New York Nets.
  • Greg Mark (born 1967), former defensive end and linebacker who played in the NFL for the Philadelphia Eagles and Miami Dolphins.
  • Francis F. Patterson Jr. (1867-1935), politician who represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1920 to 1927.
  • Stephen H. Sholes (1911–1968), record industry executive at RCA Victor whose signings included Elvis Presley.
  • Albert W. Van Duzer (1917–1999), bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey, serving from 1973 to 1982.
  • Jersey Joe Walcott (1914–1994), world heavyweight champion boxer, actor, and Sheriff of Camden County.
  • Dr. Wyatt Tee Walker (born 1929), pastor of Canaan Baptist Church in Harlem and former executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1960–1964).
  • Bruce A. Wallace (1905-1977), politician who served in the New Jersey Senate from 1942 to 1944 and from 1948 to 1955.
  • Charles A. Wolverton (1880-1969) politician who represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1927 to 1959.

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