Haddonfield, New Jersey facts for kids

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Not the fictional town from the Halloween film series.
Haddonfield, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Haddonfield
Haddonfield Historic District
Haddonfield Historic District
Haddonfield highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Haddonfield highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Haddonfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Haddonfield, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated April 6, 1875
Named for Elizabeth Haddon
Area
 • Total 2.871 sq mi (7.435 km2)
 • Land 2.824 sq mi (7.315 km2)
 • Water 0.047 sq mi (0.120 km2)  1.62%
Area rank 345th of 566 in state
13th of 37 in county
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 11,593
 • Estimate (2015) 11,414
 • Rank 210th of 566 in state
10th of 37 in county
 • Density 4,104.9/sq mi (1,584.9/km2)
 • Density rank 148th of 566 in state
18th of 37 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08033
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3400728770
GNIS feature ID 0885238
Website Official website

Haddonfield is a borough located in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough had a total population of 11,593, reflecting a decline of 66 (-0.6%) from the 11,659 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 31 (+0.3%) from the 11,628 counted in the 1990 Census.

Haddonfield was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1875, within portions of Haddon Township following a referendum on the same day. The borough became an independent municipality in 1894. The borough was named for Elizabeth Haddon, an early settler of the area.

History

The Haddonfield area was occupied by Lenni Lenape Native Americans. The Lenape disappeared from the local area when settlers arrived. Arrowheads and pottery shards have been found by residents by the banks of the Cooper River, hinting that there was a Native American settlement in Haddonfield at one point in time.

Hadrosaurus Foulkii
Plaques at the Hadrosaurus Foulkii Leidy Site showing National Historic Landmark status (left) and a plaque from Philadelphia's Academy of Natural Sciences. At right, toy dinosaurs have been left by visitors. A deep pit or ravine is straight ahead about 10 yards

On October 23, 1682, Francis Collins, an English Quaker and a bricklayer by trade, became the first settler within the boundaries of what today is Haddonfield. Collins soon built a house, "Mountwell," on a tract of 400 acres. Haddonfield was further developed by Elizabeth Haddon (1680–1762), whose Quaker father, John Haddon, bought a 500 acres (2.0 km2) tract of land in the English colony of West Jersey to escape religious persecution. Elizabeth set sail alone from Southwark, England to the New World in 1701. Shortly after her arrival, she made a marriage proposal to John Estaugh, a Quaker minister, and they were married in 1702. The town was named for John Haddon, though he never came to America.

The Indian King Tavern, built in 1750, played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War. During that war, the New Jersey Legislature met there, avoiding British forces, and in 1777, declared New Jersey to be an independent state. Today the tavern is a state historical site and museum. Nevertheless, since 1873, Haddonfield has been a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.

Haddonfield is a significant historic paleontology site. In 1838, William Estaugh Hopkins uncovered large bones in a marl pit in which he was digging. Hopkins displayed the bones at his home, Birdwood; and these bones sparked the interest of a visitor, William Foulke. In 1858, Foulke dug from the marl pit the first relatively complete skeleton of a dinosaur found in North America, Hadrosaurus foulkii. The skeleton was assembled in 1868 and is still displayed at Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. A 12-foot (3.7 m) replica of "Haddy" stands in the center of town.

In 1875, Haddonfield became the first community to secede from Haddon Township and become a self-governing borough. Haddonfield is noted for its historic homes, quaint shops, and legions of lawyers. As a legal center for southern New Jersey, the town houses the offices of more than 390 attorneys.

Haddonfield once was home to Symphony in C (formerly the Haddonfield Symphony), which is now based in nearby Collingswood, and performs at the Gordon Theater at Rutgers University-Camden.

Haddonfield is home to the second oldest volunteer fire company in continuous service in the United States. Haddon Fire Company No. 1 was established as Friendship Fire Company on March 8, 1764, by 26 townsmen. Each member was to furnish two leather buckets while the company supplied six ladders and three fire hooks.

In 1971, Haddonfield became the second municipality in New Jersey (after Cape May) to establish a historic preservation district. In keeping with the historic appearance of the borough, some candidates for commissioner distribute colored ribbons to their supporters instead of yard signs.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Haddonfield had a total area of 2.871 square miles (7.435 km2), including 2.824 square miles (7.315 km2) of land and 0.047 square miles (0.120 km2) of water (1.62%).

The Cooper River forms the border between Haddonfield and Cherry Hill. Haddonfield shares land borders with Haddon Township, Haddon Heights, Barrington, and Tavistock.

Bodies of water

  • Driscoll Pond is located below Hopkins Pond and Hopkins Pond flows into Driscoll. Driscoll Pond is contained by a small wooden dam. Driscoll Pond is part of the Hopkins Pond park.
  • Hopkins Pond is contained by a large earthen dam; Hopkins Lane is built atop this earthen dam.
  • Evans Pond is part of Wallworth Park and is located directly above Wallworth Lake. A dam separates the two. In the past Evans Pond was deep enough for small boats to sail on.
  • Wallworth Lake is below Evans Pond and contained by yet another dam. Wallworth Lake is located in Wallworth Park.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 944
1870 1,075
1880 1,480 37.7%
1890 2,502 69.1%
1900 2,776 11.0%
1910 4,142 49.2%
1920 5,646 36.3%
1930 8,857 56.9%
1940 9,742 10.0%
1950 10,495 7.7%
1960 13,201 25.8%
1970 13,118 −0.6%
1980 12,337 −6.0%
1990 11,628 −5.7%
2000 11,669 0.4%
2010 11,593 −0.7%
Est. 2015 11,414 −1.5%
Population sources:
1880-2000 1880-1920
1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,593 people, 4,436 households, and 3,181 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,104.9 per square mile (1,584.9/km2). There were 4,634 housing units at an average density of 1,640.8 per square mile (633.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.23% (11,040) White, 1.11% (129) Black or African American, 0.03% (4) Native American, 1.85% (215) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.43% (50) from other races, and 1.34% (155) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.14% (248) of the population.

There were 4,436 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $112,105 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,416) and the median family income was $129,100 (+/- $16,987). Males had a median income of $92,409 (+/- $10,521) versus $61,272 (+/- $6,669) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $55,955 (+/- $5,275). About 3.8% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census there are 11,659 people, 4,496 households, and 3,255 families residing in the borough. The population density is 4,124.7 people per square mile (1,590.7/km²). There are 4,620 housing units at an average density of 1,634.5 per square mile (630.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough is 96.47% White, 1.27% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,496 households out of which 35.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% are married couples living together, 7.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% are non-families. 24.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.09.

In the borough the population is spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $86,872, and the median income for a family is $103,597. Males have a median income of $73,646 versus $44,968 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $43,170. 2.2% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Parks and recreation

Haddonfield has several parks maintained by the Camden County Parks Department.

  • Hopkins Pond covers 33.10 acres (13.40 ha) and contains both Hopkins Pond and Driscoll Pond.
  • Pennypacker Park contains the Hadrosaurus Foulkii Leidy Site and is near the Cooper River.
  • Wallworth Park contains Evans Pond and Wallworth Pond. Evans Pond is dammed and flows into Wallworth Pond, which is also dammed. Each of these ponds are actually sections of the Cooper River and the early headwaters of the Cooper flow into Evans Pond.

Special events

There are events such as the community sidewalk sale in the summer, and the fall festival in October. The fall festival is an event where community organizations may have booths along Kings Highway and there is scarecrow-making for kids. Haddonfield hosts a weekly farmers' market on Saturdays from May to November. There is also the Haddonfield Crafts & Fine Arts Festival, where a large variety of vendors line the main street. Another event is First Night, a New Year's Eve celebration of the arts, with a variety of performances. There is also a yearly car show that takes place during the second Saturday of September. There are also events such as historic house tours and designer show houses.

Transportation

Haddonfield prides itself in being walkable; most streets have sidewalks, and due to the small size of the town — 2 miles (3.2 km) or less from any point in Haddonfield to any other as the crow flies — it is possible to walk to any part of the community. The Borough presently has a traffic campaign using the slogan "Haddonfield Drives 25" promoting the borough's speed limit as 25 mph (40 km/h) for all streets and roadways.

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 46.74 miles (75.22 km) of roadways, of which 37.67 miles (60.62 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.85 miles (14.24 km) by Camden County, 0.09 miles (0.14 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 0.13 miles (0.21 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Route 41 (Kings Highway) passes through the center of the borough and intersects CR 561 (Haddon Avenue) at Haddonfield's main business district. I-295 passes through at the southern tip with Exit 31 straddling the border. The New Jersey Turnpike also touches the town boundary, but the closest exit is Interchange 3 in Bellmawr/Runnemede.

Public transportation

NJT 5166 on Atlantic City Line train passing Haddonfield station
Train at Haddonfield station

The PATCO Speedline Haddonfield station links it to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the west and to the eastern terminus in Lindenwold, New Jersey, where it is possible to transfer to NJ Transit's bus and rail routes connecting Philadelphia to Atlantic City.

NJ Transit provides local bus service; its 451, 455 and 457 routes all stop at the PATCO station.

Popular culture

  • In the movie When Harry Met Sally... (directed by Rob Reiner), Billy Crystal's character, Harry, is from Haddonfield.
  • Several movies in the Halloween franchise are set in fictional Haddonfield, Illinois, which was inspired by Haddonfield, N.J. Debra Hill, the co-writer of the original film, grew up in Haddonfield, New Jersey.
  • A scene in the movie AI takes place in Haddonfield, and captures a shot of a house on Kings Highway. This is the location of the Flesh Fair, a rally of anti-robot activists.
  • Photographer Frank Stefanko took two famous album covers for Bruce Springsteen in Haddonfield: Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978) and The River (1980).

Images for kids


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