Glassboro, New Jersey facts for kids

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Glassboro, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Glassboro
Hollybush Mansion at Rowan University
Hollybush Mansion at Rowan University
Nickname(s): Summit City
Glassboro highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Glassboro highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Glassboro, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Glassboro, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Gloucester County, New Jersey.png Gloucester
Established 1779
Incorporated March 11, 1878
Named for Glass industry
Area
 • Total 9.221 sq mi (23.882 km2)
 • Land 9.184 sq mi (23.787 km2)
 • Water 0.037 sq mi (0.095 km2)  0.40%
Area rank 217th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county
Elevation 148 ft (45 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 18,579
 • Estimate (2015) 19,216
 • Rank 137th of 566 in state
5th of 24 in county
 • Density 2,022.9/sq mi (781.0/km2)
 • Density rank 291st of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08028
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 442, 863, 881
FIPS code 3401526340
GNIS feature ID 0885231
Website www.glassboroonline.com

Glassboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 18,579, reflecting a decline of 489 (−2.6%) from the 19,068 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,454 (+22.1%) over the 15,614 counted in the 1990 Census.

What is now Glassboro was originally formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 11, 1878, from portions of Clayton Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Elk Township (April 17, 1891) and Pitman (May 24, 1905). Glassboro was incorporated as a borough on March 18, 1920, replacing Glassboro Township. The borough was named for its glass industry.

Glassboro is home to Rowan University, founded in 1923 and formerly known as Glassboro State College, which was the site of the Glassboro Summit Conference in 1967 between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin.

History

Glassboro's early history was built on the manufacturing of glass. The town was first established in 1779 by Solomon Stanger as "Glass Works in the Woods"; glass manufacturers over the years since include Heston-Carpenter Glass Works, Olive Glass Works, Harmony Glass Works, Temperanceville Glass Works, Whitney Brothers Glass Works, Owens Bottle Company, Owens Illinois Glass Company, and Anchor Hocking.

The Glassboro Summit Conference between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin took place in Glassboro. Johnson and Kosygin met for three days from June 23 to June 25, 1967, at Glassboro State College (later renamed Rowan University). The location was chosen as a compromise. Kosygin, having agreed to address the United Nations in New York City, wanted to meet in New York. Johnson, wary of encountering protests against the Vietnam War, preferred to meet in Washington, D.C. They agreed on Glassboro because it was equidistant between the two cities. The generally amicable atmosphere of the summit was referred to as the "Spirit of Glassboro," although the leaders failed to reach agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile systems.

On June 19, 1986, Ronald Reagan became the first sitting president to speak at a high school graduation when he spoke at the Glassboro High School commencement ceremonies.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.221 square miles (23.882 km2), including 9.184 square miles (23.787 km2) of land and 0.037 square miles (0.095 km2) of water (0.40%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Elsemere.

Glassboro borders Elk Township, Clayton Borough, Monroe Township, Washington Township, Pitman Borough, Mantua Township, and Harrison Township.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glassboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,088
1890 2,642 26.5%
1900 2,677 * 1.3%
1910 2,821 * 5.4%
1920 3,073 8.9%
1930 4,799 56.2%
1940 4,925 2.6%
1950 5,867 19.1%
1960 10,253 74.8%
1970 12,938 26.2%
1980 14,574 12.6%
1990 15,614 7.1%
2000 19,068 22.1%
2010 18,579 −2.6%
Est. 2015 19,216 3.4%
Population sources: 1880–2000
1880–1920 1880–1890
1890–1910 1910–1930
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,579 people, 6,158 households, and 3,972 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,022.9 per square mile (781.0/km2). There were 6,590 housing units at an average density of 717.5 per square mile (277.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 72.25% (13,423) White, 18.67% (3,469) Black or African American, 0.11% (21) Native American, 2.87% (534) Asian, 0.05% (10) Pacific Islander, 3.12% (580) from other races, and 2.92% (542) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.42% (1,378) of the population.

There were 6,158 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 26.4% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 95.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,795 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,793) and the median family income was $67,171 (+/- $9,496). Males had a median income of $49,695 (+/- $4,361) versus $43,489 (+/- $2,608) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,108 (+/- $1,421). About 9.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 19,068 people, 6,225 households, and 4,046 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,071.3 people per square mile (799.4/km²). There were 6,555 housing units at an average density of 712.0 per square mile (274.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 74.5% White, 19.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 6,225 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 25.6% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,992, and the median income for a family was $55,246. Males had a median income of $40,139 versus $30,358 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,113. About 8.5% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 78.43 miles (126.22 km) of roadways, of which 57.61 miles (92.71 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.29 miles (21.39 km) by Gloucester County and 7.53 miles (12.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Glassboro is crisscrossed by a number of major roads. CR 553, Route 47 and Route 55 (limited access) travel north-south, while US 322 passes through east-west.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 313, 408 and 412 routes.

Passenger train service to Glassboro existed from 1860 to 1971. The station used by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines is being renovated as a visitor center. The station is a planned terminal on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system projected for completion in 2019.


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