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Elk Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Elk
Entering Elk Township along County Route 609
Entering Elk Township along County Route 609
Elk Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Elk Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Elk Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Elk Township, New Jersey
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Coordinates: 39°39′46″N 75°09′25″W / 39.662752°N 75.156972°W / 39.662752; -75.156972Coordinates: 39°39′46″N 75°09′25″W / 39.662752°N 75.156972°W / 39.662752; -75.156972
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated April 17, 1891
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
Area
 • Total 19.34 sq mi (50.08 km2)
 • Land 19.16 sq mi (49.61 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)  0.93%
Area rank 145th of 565 in state
6th of 24 in county
Elevation
144 ft (44 m)
Population
 • Total 4,216
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,173
 • Rank 405th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county
 • Density 216.3/sq mi (83.5/km2)
 • Density rank 499th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08343 - Monroeville
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401521060
GNIS feature ID 0882139

Elk Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,216, reflecting an increase of 702 (+20.0%) from the 3,514 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 292 (-7.7%) from the 3,806 counted in the 1990 Census.

Elk Township was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 17, 1891, from portions of Clayton Township, Glassboro Township and South Harrison Township. The township was named for elk hunted in the area.

Until 2016, Elk Township had been a dry township where alcohol could not be sold. That year, the township sold a package goods license for $300,000, which allows the sale of alcohol for off-premise consumption.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.688 square miles (50.992 km2), including 19.494 square miles (50.490 km2) of land and 0.194 square miles (0.502 km2) of water (0.98%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Aura, Ferrell, Harding, Hardingville and Monroeville.

The township borders South Harrison Township, Harrison Township, Glassboro, Clayton, and Franklin Township. Elk Township also borders Salem County.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 997
1910 1,022 2.5%
1920 951 −6.9%
1930 1,623 70.7%
1940 1,656 2.0%
1950 2,074 25.2%
1960 2,635 27.0%
1970 2,707 2.7%
1980 3,187 17.7%
1990 3,806 19.4%
2000 3,514 −7.7%
2010 4,216 20.0%
2019 (est.) 4,173 −1.0%
Population sources: 1900-2000
1900-1920 1900-1910
1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,216 people, 1,474 households, and 1,117 families residing in the township. The population density was 216.3 per square mile (83.5/km2). There were 1,576 housing units at an average density of 80.8 per square mile (31.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 79.74% (3,362) White, 14.78% (623) Black or African American, 0.52% (22) Native American, 0.64% (27) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.71% (72) from other races, and 2.61% (110) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.10% (215) of the population.

There were 1,474 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the township, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 96.8 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,194 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,724) and the median family income was $74,412 (+/- $15,399). Males had a median income of $56,786 (+/- $16,223) versus $39,900 (+/- $15,570) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,707 (+/- $3,616). About 9.3% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,514 people, 1,263 households, and 958 families residing in the township. The population density was 179.0 people per square mile (69.1/km2). There were 1,347 housing units at an average density of 68.6 per square mile (26.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.07% White, 14.26% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population.

There were 1,263 households, out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the township the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $51,047, and the median income for a family was $55,472. Males had a median income of $41,604 versus $27,407 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,621. About 8.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 66.75 miles (107.42 km) of roadways, of which 26.51 miles (42.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 32.61 miles (52.48 km) by Gloucester County and 7.63 miles (12.28 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Major state routes that pass through include Route 77 and the limited access Route 55. The two main county routes that are accessible include Route 538 and Route 553. The New Jersey Turnpike passes through in neighboring Harrison, but the closest exit is two towns away.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers bus service on the 410 route between Bridgeton and Philadelphia.

Education

The Elk Township School District serves students in public school for pre-kindergarten through sixth grade at Aura School, which was built in 1927, with the newest addition built in 2002. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 379 students and 33.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.5:1.

For seventh through twelfth grades, public school students attend the Delsea Regional School District, which serves students from both Elk Township and Franklin Township. Students from Newfield attend the district as part of a sending/receiving relationship begun in September 2010 after Newfield ended its prior relationship with the Buena Regional School District. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Delsea Regional Middle School with 525 students in grades 7 and 8, and Delsea Regional High School with 1,080 students in grades 9 - 12. The seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated to the constituent municipalities based on population, with two seats assigned to Elk Township.

The New Jersey Department of Education has considered a vote by the Board of Education of the Franklin Township Public Schools in June 2010 requesting that the district withdraw from the Delsea Regional School District, which would require that the Delsea region be dissolved as about 80% of the regional district's students come from Franklin. With the withdrawal of Franklin Township, two options being considered were to either have Franklin and Elk Townships create a new regional district with Newfield students attending on a send-receive basis, or having Franklin Township establish its own PreK-12 district which would receive students from both Elk Township and Newfield.

Students from across the county are eligible to apply to attend Gloucester County Institute of Technology, a four-year high school in Deptford Township that provides technical and vocational education. As a public school, students do not pay tuition to attend the school.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elk Township include:

  • Sean F. Dalton (born 1962), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.

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