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President of the Portuguese Republic
Flag of the President of Portugal.svg
Flag of the President
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
Arms of the Portuguese Republic
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, Visita de Estado ao México 2017-07-17.png
Incumbent
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

since 9 March 2016 (2016-03-09)
Style His/Her Excellency
Member of Council of State
Council of Ministers
Residence Belém Palace
Seat Lisbon, Portugal
Appointer Direct election;
Two-round system, universal suffrage
Term length Five years;
Renewable once, consecutively.
Constituting instrument Constitution of the
Third Republic
Precursor King of Portugal
Formation 5 October 1910; 109 years ago (1910-10-05)
First holder Manuel de Arriaga
Salary 93,364.74 (2015)
(€6,668.91/month)

The President of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Presidente da República Portuguesa, pronounced: [pɾɨziˈðẽtɨ ðɐ ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɡezɐ]) is the executive head of state of Portugal.

The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.

Duties

The President exercises the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Grand Master of the Three Orders and shall appoint and remove, at the proposal of the Government, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and the Military Staff Heads of the three branches the Armed Forces.

The President appoints the Prime Minister, given the election results, and appoints the other members of the Government by proposal of the Prime Minister.

The President declares a state of siege and emergency upon consultation with the Government and with permission of the Parliament.

The President decides on referendums put forth to him by Parliament.

Terms

Under the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976, in the wake of the 1974 Carnation Revolution, the President is elected to a five-year term; there is no limit to the number of terms a president may serve, but a president who serves two consecutive terms may not serve again in the next five years after the second term finishes or in the following five years after his resignation.

If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the President of the Assembly assumes the office with restricted powers until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.

Living former Presidents

There are three living former Portuguese Presidents:

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