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Aníbal Cavaco Silva
A. Cavaco Silva (cropped).png
Cavaco Silva in 2014
President of Portugal
In office
9 March 2006 – 9 March 2016
Prime Minister José Sócrates
Pedro Passos Coelho
António Costa
Preceded by Jorge Sampaio
Succeeded by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
6 November 1985 – 28 October 1995
President António Ramalho Eanes
Mário Soares
Deputy Eurico de Melo
Preceded by Mário Soares
Succeeded by António Guterres
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
19 May 1985 – 19 February 1995
Secretary-General Manuel Dias Loureiro
José Falcão e Cunha
José Nunes Liberato
Preceded by Rui Machete
Succeeded by Fernando Nogueira
Minister of Finance and Planning
In office
3 January 1980 – 9 January 1981
Prime Minister Francisco Sá Carneiro
Preceded by António de Sousa Franco
Carlos Corrêa Gago
Succeeded by João Morais Leitão
Personal details
Aníbal António Cavaco Silva

(1939-07-15) 15 July 1939 (age 84)
Boliqueime, Portugal
Political party Social Democratic Party
Maria Alves
(m. 1963)
Children 2
Alma mater Technical University of Lisbon
Alcuin College, York

Aníbal António Cavaco Silva, GCC, GColL, GColIH (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐˈniβɐɫ ɐ̃ˈtɔni.u kɐˈvaku ˈsiɫvɐ]; born 15 July 1939) is a Portuguese economist who served as the 19th president of Portugal, in office from 9 March 2006 to 9 March 2016. He had been previously prime minister of Portugal from 6 November 1985 to 28 October 1995. His 10-year tenure was the longest of any prime minister since António de Oliveira Salazar, and he was the first Portuguese prime minister to win an absolute parliamentary majority under the current constitutional system. He is best known for leading Portugal into the European Union.

Early life and career

Aníbal António Cavaco Silva was born in Boliqueime, Loulé, Algarve. He was initially an undistinguished student. As a 13-year-old, he flunked at the 3rd grade of the Commercial School, and his grandfather put him working on the farm as a punishment. After returning to school, Cavaco Silva went on to become an accomplished student. Cavaco Silva then went to Lisbon, where he took a vocational education course in accounting from "Instituto Comercial de Lisboa" (Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração de Lisboa (ISCAL), today) in 1959. In parallel, he was admitted for university education at the Instituto Superior de Ciências Económicas e Financeiras de Lisboa (ISCEF) of the Technical University of Lisbon (UTL) (currently the Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG) of the University of Lisbon), and obtained in 1963, with distinction, a degree in economics and finance (he scored a mark of 16 out of 20). While studying in Lisbon, Cavaco Silva was an athlete of CDUL athletics department from 1958 to 1963. Between 1963 and 1964, he was drafted into the Portuguese Army Artillery for compulsory 11 month military service, serving in a battalion in Lourenco Marques in Portuguese Mozambique Cavaco Silva studied a graduate course at the University of York in England.

Returning to Portugal, he took up a post as assistant professor in ISCEF (1974), professor at the Catholic University of Portugal (1975), extraordinary professor at the New University of Lisbon (1979) and finally director of the Office of Studies of the Bank of Portugal.

Cavaco Silva has published several academic works in economics, including in subfields like monetary policy and monetary unions. Hereceived an Honorary Doctorate from Scotland's Heriot-Watt University in 2009


Cavaco Silva married Maria Alves da Silva at the Church of the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, on 20 October 1964. The couple had a daughter Patricia, and a son Bruno. He has five grandchildren, four of whom were born to his daughter. One of them, António Montez, is a professional footballer.

His brother, Rogério Cavaco Silva, is a businessman and a victim of the Dominion of Melchizedek scam.

Awards and decorations

National honours


  •  Portugal:
    • PRT Order of Liberty - Grand Collar BAR.png Grand Collar of the Order of Liberty
    • PRT Three Orders BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Sash of the Three Orders
    • PRT Military Order of the Tower and of the Sword - Grand Collar.svg Grand Collar of the Military Order of the Tower and Sword
    • PRT Order of Christ - Grand Cross BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
    • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Collar BAR.png Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry

Foreign honours


State visits

CavacoSilva Presidential Trips
Foreign trips of Cavaco Silva.

Cavaco Silva made state visits to countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas. In September 2006, on his first state visit, he visited Portugal's only neighbour, Spain.

Electoral results

Cavaco na California
Cavaco during his 2011 visit to the U.S.; pictured with John Chambers (CEO) and Helder Antunes.

1996 Portuguese presidential election

Aníbal Cavaco Silva finished second with 2,595,131 votes (46.09%).

2006 Portuguese presidential election

Aníbal Cavaco Silva won the election with 2,773,431 votes (50.54%).

2011 Portuguese presidential election

Aníbal Cavaco Silva won the election with 2,231,956 votes (52.95%).

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Aníbal Cavaco Silva para niños

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