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António Guterres

GCL GCC
UN Secretary-General Guterres (49627075783) (cropped).jpg
9th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Assumed office
1 January 2017
Preceded by Ban Ki-moon
10th United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
In office
15 June 2005 – 31 December 2015
Secretary-
General
Kofi Annan
Ban Ki-moon
Preceded by Ruud Lubbers
Succeeded by Filippo Grandi
114th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
28 October 1995 – 6 April 2002
President Mário Soares
Jorge Sampaio
Preceded by Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Succeeded by José Manuel Barroso
President of Socialist International
In office
November 1999 – June 2005
Preceded by Pierre Mauroy
Succeeded by George Papandreou
Secretary-General of the Socialist Party
In office
23 February 1992 – 21 January 2002
President António de Almeida Santos
Preceded by Jorge Sampaio
Succeeded by Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues
Personal details
Born
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres

30 April 1949 (1949-04-30) (age 71)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Socialist
Spouse(s) Luísa Guimarães e Melo
(m. 1972–1998; died)
Catarina Vaz Pinto
(m. 2001–present)
Children Pedro
Mariana
Alma mater Instituto Superior Técnico
Signature

António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, GCL GCC (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔnju ɡuˈtɛʁɨʃ]; born 30 April 1949) is a Portuguese politician and diplomat. He became the Secretary-General of the United Nations in 2017. Guterres was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002, as leader of the Socialist Party. He also served as President of the Socialist International from 1999 to 2005.

He was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015, and in October 2016 the United Nations General Assembly elected him by acclamation to become the next United Nations secretary-general. He replaced Ban Ki-moon.

Early life

Guterres was born and raised in Lisbon, Portugal. He studied Physics and Electrical Engineering at Instituto Superior Técnico in Lisbon. He graduated in 1971.

He was Assistant Professor teaching Systems Theory and Telecommunications Signals, before leaving academic life to start a political career.

Early career

Guterres' political career began in 1974. He became a member of the Socialist Party. He served as the Head of Office of the Secretary of State of Industry (1974 and 1975), Deputy for Castelo Branco in the Portuguese National Parliament (1976–1995) and Leader of the parliamentary bench of the Socialist Party, succeeding Jorge Sampaio (1988).

Prime Minister of Portugal

The Socialist Party won the 1995 parliamentary election. President Mario Soares appointed Guterres as prime minister and his Cabinet took the oath of office on 28 October that year.

Guterres was a popular prime minister in the first years of his office. Portugal had a strong economic expansion which allowed the Socialists to reduce budget deficits while increasing welfare spending and creating new conditional cash transfer programs. He supported United Nations intervention in East Timor in 1999.

After the 1999 parliamentary election, Guterres was re-appointed for the office and from January to July 2000. This second term in government was not as successful.

In December 2001, Guterres resigned to "prevent the country from falling into a political swamp".

President of Socialist International

Guterres was elected President of Socialist International in November 1999. He remained President of the Socialist International until June 2005.

UN High Commissioner for Refugees

As High Commissioner, Guterres had more than 10,000 staff working in 126 countries providing protection and helping over 60 million refugees, returnees, internally displaced people and stateless persons.

His time in office was known by a huge organizational reform, cutting staff and administrative costs in the UNHCR's Geneva head office and expanding UNHCR's emergency response capacity during the worst displacement crisis since the World War II.

Guterres appointed American actress Angelina Jolie as his Special Envoy to represent UNHCR and himself at the diplomatic level in 2012.

In early 2015, the General Assembly voted to extend Guterres' mandate by 6½ months to 31 December, on recommendation of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Guterres left office on 31 December 2015.

United Nations Secretary-General

Guterres became United Nations Secretary-General on 1 January 2017, following his formal election by the UN General Assembly on 13 October 2016.

During his first year, Guterres made world peace a first priority. In June 2017, he criticized the Trump administration and said the United States would be replaced from the United Nations if they do not take action on any international issues. Guterres criticized the intervention of Yemen and said a war from this would be "stupid".

In 2018, he called Syria a "living hell" in response to the Bashar al-Assad regime. He praised Trump and Kim Jong-un's summit and called it a "crucial milestone" for nuclear disarmament. In August 2018, Guterres wanted an independent investigation into a Saudi Arabian air strike in Yemen that killed 51 people.

Personal life

In 1972, Guterres married Luísa Amélia Guimarães e Melo. They had had two children. She died at a London hospital from cancer in 1998.

In 2001, he married his second wife Catarina Marques de Almeida Vaz Pinto.

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