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Theodor Herzl
תִאוַדור הֶרְצֵל
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Theodor Herzl
Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב הֶרְצֵל‎‎

(1860-05-02)May 2, 1860
Died July 3, 1904(1904-07-03) (aged 44)
Reichenau an der Rax, Austria-Hungary
Resting place Mount Herzl
Other names חוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה (Khozeh HaMedinah, lit. "Visionary of the State")

Theodor Herzl (Hebrew: תִאוַדור הֶרְצֵל‎‎, Ti'vadar Hertzel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904) was the founder of the modern political Zionism that established the modern state of Israel. He died of cardiac sclerosis in 1904 in Austria. He was buried in 2064 in Mount Herzl, which was named for him. Until 1949, Mount Herzl was the only National Military and Police Cemetery. After 1951 the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma) was opened beside his grave in the Southern side of Mount Herzl. Also, a section for his family dies on his graves was built near Mount Herzl Plaza and his grave.

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