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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 2019 (cropped).jpg
12th President of Turkey
Assumed office
28 August 2014
Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu (2014–16)
Binali Yıldırım (2016–18)
Vice President Fuat Oktay (2018–present)
Preceded by Abdullah Gül
Leader of the Justice and Development Party
Assumed office
21 May 2017
Preceded by Binali Yıldırım
In office
14 August 2001 – 27 August 2014
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Ahmet Davutoğlu
25th Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
14 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
Preceded by Abdullah Gül
Succeeded by Ahmet Davutoğlu
28th Mayor of Istanbul
In office
27 March 1994 – 6 November 1998
Preceded by Nurettin Sözen
Succeeded by Ali Müfit Gürtuna
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
9 March 2003 – 28 August 2014
  • Siirt (2003 by-election)
  • Istanbul (I) (2007, 2011)
Personal details
Born 26 February 1954 (1954-02-26) (age 67)
Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
Political party Justice and Development Party (2001–2014; 2017–present)
Other political
  • National Salvation Party (before 1981)
  • Welfare Party (1983–1998)
  • Virtue Party (1998–2001)
Emine Gülbaran (m. 1978)
  • Ahmet
  • Bilal
  • Esra
  • Sümeyye Bayraktar
Residence Presidential Complex
Alma mater Marmara University

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born 26 February 1954) is a Turkish politician. He is the 12th and current President of Turkey, he took office in 2014. Before that, he was the prime minister of Turkey from 2003 to 2014. He was chairman of the ruling Justice and Development Party from 2001 to 2014. Erdoğan was Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998.

Erdoğan was a semi-professional footballer from 1969 to 1982. The stadium of the local football club of the district he grew up in, Kasımpaşa S.K. is named after him.

Erdoğan married Emine Gülbaran (b. 1955, Siirt) on 4 July 1978. The couple have two sons (Ahmet Burak, Necmeddin Bilal) and two daughters (Esra, Sümeyye).

The 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt tried to overthrow President Erdogan.

As a long-standing proponent of changing Turkey's parliamentary system of government into an executive presidency, Erdoğan formed an alliance with the far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) to establish an executive presidency in 2017, where the changes were accepted in a constitutional referendum. The new system of government formally came into place after the 2018 general election, where Erdoğan and the new AKP-MHP People's Alliance was re-elected. He has since been tackling, but also accused of contributing to, the Turkish currency and debt crisis of 2018, which has caused a significant decline in his popularity and is widely believed to have contributed to his loss in the 2019 local elections in which the ruling party lost control of Ankara and Istanbul for the first time in 25 years. After the loss, the Turkish government ordered a re-election in Istanbul, in which the ruling party lost the elections again with an even greater margin. The two successive losses was seen as a huge blow to Erdoğan, who had once said that if his party "lost Istanbul, we would lose Turkey," and has been called to be the "beginning of the end" of him.

Erdoğan ranked first in the World's 500 Most Influential Muslims 2019 list from the Jordan-based Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.

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