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President of the European Commission
Flag of Europe.svg
European Commission.svg
Emblem of the commission
(Ursula von der Leyen) 2019.07.16. Ursula von der Leyen presents her vision to MEPs 2 (cropped).jpg
Ursula von der Leyen

since 1 December 2019
European Commission
Style President
Member of
Reports to
Residence Berlaymont building
Seat Brussels, Belgium
Nominator European Council
Appointer European Parliament
Term length Five years, renewable
Constituting instrument Treaties of the European Union
Formation 1 January 1958
First holder Walter Hallstein
Deputy First Vice-President of the European Commission
Salary 306,655 annually

The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission. It is the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners. The President, is chosen by the Council and Parliament, and decides (with each country) who the other members are and what they do.


The President of the Commission also represents the EU abroad, together with the President of the European Council and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

The post was established in 1958. Each new President is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term.

The current President is Ursula von der Leyen, who took office on 1st December 2019. She is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and is the former minister of defence of Germany.

Belgique - Bruxelles - Schuman - Berlaymont - 01
Headquarters of the European Commission in Brussels (Berlaymont building)

List of Presidents

Commission of the European Economic Community (1958–1967)

Portrait Name
Term of office Tenure Commission Party Group Country
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F004665-0003, Walter Hallstein.jpg Walter Hallstein
1 January 1958 5 July 1967 9 years, 185 days Hallestein CDU CD  West Germany

Commission of the European Communities (1967–2009) and European Commission (2009–present)

      European People's Party       ALDE Party/ELDR Party       Party of European Socialists       European Progressive Democrats

Portrait Name
Term of office Tenure Commission Party Group Country Electoral mandate
Jean Rey World Economic Forum 1975.jpg Jean Rey
5 July 1967 1 July 1970 2 years, 361 days Rey PRL LIB  Belgium
Franco Maria Malfatti crop.jpg Franco Maria Malfatti
1 July 1970 1 March 1972 1 year, 244 days Malfatti DC CD  Italy
Sicco Mansholt 1974 (1).jpg Sicco Mansholt
1 March 1972 5 January 1973 310 days Mansholt PvdA SOC  Netherlands
François-Xavier Ortoli (1973) (cropped).jpg François-Xavier Ortoli
5 January 1973 5 January 1977 4 years Ortoli UDR EPD  France
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg Roy Jenkins
5 January 1977 19 January 1981 4 years, 14 days Jenkins Lab SOC  United Kingdom 1979
Thorn Van Agt 1980 cropped.jpg Gaston Thorn
19 January 1981 6 January 1985 3 years, 353 days Thorn DP LD  Luxembourg
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078267-0023, Bonn, Ministerpräsidenten mit EU-Kommissar Delors-CROPPED.jpg Jacques Delors
(born 1925)
6 January 1985 24 January 1995 10 years, 18 days Delors PS SOC  France 1984
Jacques Santer.jpg Jacques Santer
(born 1937)
24 January 1995 15 March 1999 4 years, 50 days Santer CSV EPP  Luxembourg 1994
Immanuel Marín die 23 Novembris 2009.jpg Manuel Marín (interim)
15 March 1999 17 September 1999 186 days Santer PSOE SOC  Spain
Romano Prodi in Nova Gorica (2c).jpg Romano Prodi
(born 1939)
17 September 1999 22 November 2004 5 years, 66 days Prodi Dem ELDR  Italy 1999
Barroso EPP Summit October 2010.jpg José Manuel Barroso
(born 1956)
22 November 2004 1 November 2014 9 years, 344 days Barroso PSD EPP  Portugal 2004
Ioannes Claudius Juncker die 7 Martis 2014.jpg Jean-Claude Juncker
(born 1954)
1 November 2014 30 November 2019 5 years, 29 days Juncker CSV EPP  Luxembourg 2014
(Ursula von der Leyen) 2019.07.16. Ursula von der Leyen presents her vision to MEPs 2 (cropped).jpg Ursula von der Leyen
(born 1958)
1 December 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 50 days von der Leyen CDU EPP  Germany 2019

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