President of the European Commission facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsPresident of the European Commission
Emblem of the commission
|Term length||Five years, renewable|
|Constituting instrument||Treaties of the European Union|
|Formation||1 January 1958|
|First holder||Walter Hallstein|
|Deputy||First Vice-President of the European Commission|
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission. It is the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners. The President, is chosen by the Council and Parliament, and decides (with each country) who the other members are and what they do.
The President of the Commission also represents the EU abroad, together with the President of the European Council and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
The post was established in 1958. Each new President is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term.
List of Presidents
Commission of the European Economic Community (1958–1967)
|Term of office||Tenure||Commission||Party||Group||Country|
|1 January 1958||5 July 1967||9 years, 185 days||Hallestein||CDU||CD||West Germany|
Commission of the European Communities (1967–2009) and European Commission (2009–present)
European People's Party ALDE Party/ELDR Party Party of European Socialists European Progressive Democrats
|Term of office||Tenure||Commission||Party||Group||Country||Electoral mandate|
|5 July 1967||1 July 1970||2 years, 361 days||Rey||PRL||LIB||Belgium||–|
|Franco Maria Malfatti
|1 July 1970||1 March 1972||1 year, 244 days||Malfatti||DC||CD||Italy||–|
|1 March 1972||5 January 1973||310 days||Mansholt||PvdA||SOC||Netherlands||–|
|5 January 1973||5 January 1977||4 years||Ortoli||UDR||EPD||France||–|
|5 January 1977||19 January 1981||4 years, 14 days||Jenkins||Lab||SOC||United Kingdom||1979|
|19 January 1981||6 January 1985||3 years, 353 days||Thorn||DP||LD||Luxembourg|
|6 January 1985||24 January 1995||10 years, 18 days||Delors||PS||SOC||France||1984
|24 January 1995||15 March 1999||4 years, 50 days||Santer||CSV||EPP||Luxembourg||1994|
|Manuel Marín (interim)
|15 March 1999||17 September 1999||186 days||Santer||PSOE||SOC||Spain|
|17 September 1999||22 November 2004||5 years, 66 days||Prodi||Dem||ELDR||Italy||1999|
|José Manuel Barroso
|22 November 2004||1 November 2014||9 years, 344 days||Barroso||PSD||EPP||Portugal||2004
|1 November 2014||30 November 2019||5 years, 29 days||Juncker||CSV||EPP||Luxembourg||2014|
|Ursula von der Leyen
|1 December 2019||Incumbent||2 years, 50 days||von der Leyen||CDU||EPP||Germany||2019|
Images for kids
Walter Hallstein, the first President of the Commission
President Mansholt opened the first enlargement talks with Denmark, Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom
President Barroso, from the EPP which was the largest party after the 2004 and 2009 elections
For the first time, prior to the 2014 election presidential candidates were nominated. This enabled them to present election programmes and campaign for the position (the campaign bus of Jean-Claude Juncker depicted).
President of the European Commission Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.