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List of presidents of Portugal facts for kids

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The complete list of presidents of the Portuguese Republic consists of the 20 heads of state in the history of Portugal since the 5 October 1910 revolution.

List

             Republican
             Democratic
             National Republican/Sidonist
             Evolutionist Party/Republican Liberal
             National Union/Popular National Action
             Democratic Renewal
             Socialist
             Social Democratic
             No party

First Republic (1910–1926)

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political party Ref.
President of the Provisional Government of the Republic (1910–1911)
- Teófilo Braga
(1843–1924)
Teofilo Braga.jpg October 5, 1910 August 24, 1911 Republican
Presidents of the Republic (1911–1926)
1 Manuel de Arriaga
(1840–1917)
Manuel de Arriaga - Fotografia Vasques.png 1911 August 24, 1911 May 26, 1915 Republican
later Democratic Republican
2 Teófilo Braga
(1843–1924)
Teofilo Braga.jpg May
1915
May 29, 1915 October 5, 1915 Democratic Republican
3 Bernardino Machado
(1851–1944)
Bernardino Machado.jpg August
1915
October 5, 1915 December 5, 1917 Democratic Republican
- Ministry
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Sidónio Pais
December 12, 1917 April 28, 1918
4 Sidónio Pais
(1872–1918)
President Paes of Portugal.jpg April
1918
April 28, 1918 December 14, 1918 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
- Ministry
(Head of State ex officio)
President: João do Canto e Castro
December 14, 1918 December 16, 1918
5 João do Canto e Castro
(1862–1934)
Canto e Castro.jpg December
1918
December 16, 1918 October 5, 1919 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
6 António José de Almeida
(1866–1929)
Antonio Jose de Almeida.jpg 1919 October 5, 1919 October 5, 1923 Evolutionist Party
later Republican Liberal
7 Manuel Teixeira Gomes
(1860–1941)
Manuel Teixeira Gomes.png 1923 October 5, 1923 December 11, 1925 Democratic Republican
8 Bernardino Machado
(1851–1944)
2nd time
Bernardino Machado.jpg 1925 December 11, 1925 May 31, 1926 Democratic Republican

Second Republic (1926–1974)

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political party Ref.
Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) (1926–1932)
9 José Mendes Cabeçadas
(1883–1965)
José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior (1910) - Photographia Allemã, crop.png May 31, 1926 June 17, 1926 Military officer
- Ministry
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Manuel Gomes da Costa
June 17, 1926 June 29, 1926
10 Manuel Gomes da Costa
(1863–1929)
General Manuel Gomes da Costa (1918) - Photographia Vasques.png June 29, 1926 July 9, 1926 Military officer
- Ministry
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Óscar Carmona
July 9, 1926 November 16, 1926
11 Óscar Carmona
(1869–1951)
ÓscarCarmona(official).jpg November 16, 1926 March 25, 1928 Military officer
Estado Novo (New State) (1932–1974)
11 Óscar Carmona
(1869–1951)
ÓscarCarmona(official).jpg 1928 April 15, 1928 April 26, 1935 Military officer
from 1932
National Union
1935 April 26, 1935 April 15, 1942
1942 April 15, 1942 April 20, 1949
1949 April 20, 1949 April 18, 1951
- António de Oliveira Salazar
(1889–1970)
(interim)
Antonio Salazar-1.jpg April 18, 1951 July 21, 1951 National Union
12 Francisco Craveiro Lopes
(1894–1964)
General Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes, Presidente de Portugal.tif 1951 July 21, 1951 August 9, 1958 National Union
13 Américo Tomás
(1894–1987)
AmericoThomaz.png 1958 August 9, 1958 August 9, 1965 National Union
from 1970
People's National Action
1965 August 9, 1965 August 9, 1972
1972 August 9, 1972 April 25, 1974

Third Republic (1974–present)

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Elected Term of office Political party Ref.
Presidents appointed in the aftermath of the Carnation Revolution (1974–1976)
- National Salvation Junta
President: António de Spínola
April 25, 1974 May 15, 1974
14 António de Spínola
(1910–1996)
António de Spínola (1974).png May 15, 1974 September 30, 1974 Military officer
15 Francisco da Costa Gomes
(1914–2001)
No image.svg September 30, 1974 July 13, 1976 Military officer
Presidents elected under the Constitution of the Republic (1976–present)
16 António Ramalho Eanes
(born 1935)
Ramalho Eanes, North Portico, 1983.jpg 1976 July 14, 1976 January 14, 1981 Military officer
from 1985
Democratic Renewal
1980 January 14, 1981 March 9, 1986
17 Mário Soares
(1924–2017)
Mário Soares (2003) portrait.jpg 1986 March 9, 1986 March 9, 1991 Socialist
1991 March 9, 1991 March 9, 1996
18 Jorge Sampaio
(born 1939)
Jorge Sampaio 3.jpg 1996 March 9, 1996 March 9, 2001 Socialist
2001 March 9, 2001 March 9, 2006
19 Aníbal Cavaco Silva
(born 1939)
Aníbal Cavaco Silva (cropped).jpg 2006 March 9, 2006 March 9, 2011 Social Democratic
2011 March 9, 2011 March 9, 2016
20 Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
(born 1948)
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa em fevereiro de 2018.jpg 2016 March 9, 2016 March 9, 2021 Social Democratic
2021 March 9, 2021 Incumbent
(Term ends on March 9, 2026)
  • Left office early:
Assassinated.
Died in office of natural causes.
Resigned.
Forced to resign due to a coup d'état.
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