Radian facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Radian cropped color
Definition of a radian
Circle radians
A radian is a unit of angular measure. A turn in a full circle has an angle of 2π radians.

A radian is a unit of measuring angles. It is shown by the symbol "rad" or, less often, c (for circular measure). The radian was once an SI unit, but was done away with in 1995.

A "milliradian" is 1/1000 of a radian.

Who uses radians?

Most people who do mathematics or physics use radians, rather than degrees, because some kinds of calculations are simpler when using radians rather than degrees.

People who look through a telescope or rifle scope often use milliradians to describe distances as seen through it.

This unit of measurement is often used in the universe of the popular video game Mass Effect in relations to physics.

Conversion

1 radian is equal to about 57.3°. There are 2π radians (about 6.28 radians) in a full circle. The formula for turning radians to degrees and vice versa is:

2\pi\mbox{ rad} = 360^\circ
1 \mbox{ rad} = \frac {360^\circ} {2 \pi} = \frac {180^\circ} {\pi} \approx 57.29577951^\circ

or:

360^\circ=2\pi\mbox{ rad}
1^\circ=\frac{2\pi}{360}\mbox{ rad}=\frac{\pi}{180}\mbox{ rad} \approx 0.01745329\mbox{ rad}

we can also say:

x \mbox{ rad} = x \frac {180^\circ} {\pi}.

Radian Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.