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Richmond, Illinois facts for kids

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Buildings in downtown Richmond, Illinois
Buildings in downtown Richmond, Illinois
Location of Richmond in McHenry County, Illinois.
Location of Richmond in McHenry County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country United States
State Illinois
County McHenry
Named for Richmond, Vermont
 • Total 4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)
 • Land 4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
 • Total 2,089
 • Density 487.17/sq mi (188.09/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s) 815
FIPS code 17-63641
Wikimedia Commons Richmond, Illinois

Richmond is a village in McHenry County, Illinois, United States, 46 miles northwest of Chicago. It is a commuter village within the Chicago metropolitan area. The population was 1,874 at the 2010 census.


Carpenter William A. McConnell was Richmond's first settler, arriving in 1837 and erecting the village's first building, a log structure. Eight other settlers arrived in 1838 and growth progressed rapidly after that point. The first school was built on McConnell's farm in 1841 and in 1844 the village was finally platted. The village was named after Richmond, Vermont, the native home of a first settler. McConnell and Dr. R.R. Stone established a cheese factory in Richmond, and a creamery, other cheese factories, a box factory, a wagon works and a pickle factory followed.

Most of Richmond's original buildings were built from the mid-1840s through the 1860s and consisted of Greek Revival rural farmhouse and Richmond's commercial district. Houses within the village were built mostly in the Greek Revival style as well with later prominent homes cast in the Italianate or Second Empire styles. The village of Richmond was officially incorporated in 1872.

On Christmas Eve 1902 a devastating fire swept through most of Richmond's commercial district destroying 20 buildings. The fire was a setback for Richmond's economic growth as most of the buildings were either uninsured or underinsured. Many business owners did not bother to rebuild at all following the fire. Another building spurt did occur in Richmond between 1903 and 1905.


Richmond is located at 42°28′19″N 88°18′27″W / 42.47194°N 88.30750°W / 42.47194; -88.30750 (42.471868, -88.307431).

According to the 2010 census, Richmond has a total area of 4.22 square miles (10.93 km2), all land.

Major streets

  • US 12.svg Main Street
  • Illinois 173.svg Kenosha Street
  • Mill Street
  • Broadway Street
  • George Street


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 464
1890 415 −10.6%
1900 576 38.8%
1910 554 −3.8%
1920 533 −3.8%
1930 514 −3.6%
1940 559 8.8%
1950 623 11.4%
1960 855 37.2%
1970 1,153 34.9%
1980 1,068 −7.4%
1990 1,016 −4.9%
2000 1,091 7.4%
2010 1,874 71.8%
2020 2,089 11.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,901 people, 415 households, and 285 families residing in the village. The population density was 802.2 people per square mile (309.7/km2). There were 441 housing units at an average density of 324.3 per square mile (125.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.89% White, 0.27% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.92% from other races, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.03% of the population.

There were 415 households, out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $52,361, and the median income for a family was $60,417. Males had a median income of $41,136 versus $27,344 for females. The per capita income for the village was $22,332. About 2.6% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

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