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Richmond, Vermont
Town
Round Church, completed in 1813
Round Church, completed in 1813
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Incorporated 1794
Area
 • Total 32.7 sq mi (84.8 km2)
 • Land 32.2 sq mi (83.5 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation 289 ft (88 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,081
 • Density 127/sq mi (48.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05477
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-59275
GNIS feature ID 1462186

Richmond is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 4,081.

The main settlement of Richmond in the north-central part of town is a census-designated place (CDP), with a population of 723 at the 2010 census.

History

In 1775, Amos Brownson and John Chamberlain made the first settlement attempt. They abandoned their efforts in the fall of that year, but returned in the spring of 1784, at the close of the Revolutionary War. Richmond was incorporated by the General Assembly on October 27, 1794, then organized in 1795. The Winooski River and Huntington River both offered locations for water mills. Industries began to manufacture wagons, harnesses, tinware, brass, cabinet work and woodenware. By 1859, the population was 1,453.

Richmond is noted for the Round Church, a rare 16-sided meetinghouse that was erected in 1812-1813.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.7 square miles (84.8 km2), of which 32.2 square miles (83.5 km2) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), or 1.59%, is water. Richmond is bisected by the Winooski River, with its tributary the Huntington River crossing the southeast corner of the town. Richmond is located in the western foothills of the Green Mountains.

The town is crossed by Interstate 89, with access from Exit 11 in the northwest part of town, by U.S. Route 2, and by the New England Central Railroad.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 718
1810 935 30.2%
1820 1,014 8.4%
1830 1,109 9.4%
1840 1,054 −5.0%
1850 1,453 37.9%
1860 1,400 −3.6%
1870 1,309 −6.5%
1880 1,264 −3.4%
1890 1,115 −11.8%
1900 1,057 −5.2%
1910 1,419 34.2%
1920 1,447 2.0%
1930 1,315 −9.1%
1940 1,225 −6.8%
1950 1,278 4.3%
1960 1,303 2.0%
1970 2,249 72.6%
1980 3,159 40.5%
1990 3,729 18.0%
2000 4,090 9.7%
2010 4,081 −0.2%
Est. 2014 4,129 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,090 people, 1,504 households, and 1,100 families residing in the town. The population density was 128.4 people per square mile (49.6/km2). There were 1,528 housing units at an average density of 48.0 per square mile (18.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.36% White, 0.05% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 1,504 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $57,750, and the median income for a family was $66,875. Males had a median income of $36,161 versus $30,019 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,692. About 3.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

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