List of counties in Vermont facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents
Counties of Vermont
Location State of Vermont
Number 14
Populations 6,163 (Essex) – 161,382 (Chittenden)
Areas 83 square miles (210 km2) (Grand Isle) – 971 square miles (2,510 km2) (Windsor)
Government County government
Subdivisions Cities, towns, villages, unincoroporated communities

There are fourteen counties in the U.S. state of Vermont. These counties together contain 255 political units, or places, including 237 towns, 9 cities, 5 unincorporated areas, and 4 gores. Each county has a county seat, often referred to as a "shire town." In 1779, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781, Cumberland County was separated into three counties in Vermont plus another county named Washington (not the same as the modern Washington County) that eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County from its creation in 1810 until it was renamed in 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Addison County, Vermont is 001, Belknap County, New Hampshire and Alachua County, Florida are also 001. To uniquely identify Addison County, Vermont, one must use the state code of 50 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Addison County, Vermont is 50001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.

List

County
FIPS Code

County seat

Established

Origin

Etymology
Population
Area
Map
Addison County 001 Middlebury 1785 Part of Rutland County. Joseph Addison (1672–1719), an English politician and writer. &&&&&&&&&&037035.&&&&&037,035 &&&&&&&&&&&&0770.&&&&&0770 sq mi
(1,995 km²)
State map highlighting Addison County


Bennington County 003 Bennington and Manchester 1779 One of the original two counties. Benning Wentworth (1696–1770), the colonial governor of New Hampshire (1741–1766). &&&&&&&&&&036317.&&&&&036,317 &&&&&&&&&&&&0676.&&&&&0676 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01751.&&&&&01,751 km²)
State map highlighting Bennington County


Caledonia County 005 St. Johnsbury 1792 Part of Orange County. Latin name for Scotland. &&&&&&&&&&030780.&&&&&030,780 &&&&&&&&&&&&0651.&&&&&0651 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01686.&&&&&01,686 km²)
State map highlighting Caledonia County


Chittenden County 007 Burlington 1787 Part of Addison County. Thomas Chittenden (1730–1797), first governor of Vermont (1791–1797). &&&&&&&&&0161382.&&&&&0161,382 &&&&&&&&&&&&0539.&&&&&0539 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01396.&&&&&01,396 km²)
State map highlighting Chittenden County


Essex County 009 Guildhall 1792 Part of Orange County. Essex, a county in England. &&&&&&&&&&&06163.&&&&&06,163 &&&&&&&&&&&&0665.&&&&&0665 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01722.&&&&&01,722 km²)
State map highlighting Essex County


Franklin County 011 St. Albans (city) 1792 Part of Chittenden County. Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), one of the most critical Founding Fathers of the United States. &&&&&&&&&&048799.&&&&&048,799 &&&&&&&&&&&&0637.&&&&&0637 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01650.&&&&&01,650 km²)
State map highlighting Franklin County


Grand Isle County 013 North Hero 1802 Part of Chittenden County and Franklin County. Largest island in Lake Champlain. &&&&&&&&&&&06861.&&&&&06,861 &&&&&&&&&&&&&083.&&&&&083 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0215.&&&&&0215 km²)
State map highlighting Grand Isle County


Lamoille County 015 Hyde Park (town) 1835 Parts of Chittenden County, Franklin County, Orleans County and Washington County. La Mouelle (meaning the seagull), named by French explorer Samuel de Champlain (~1570–1635). &&&&&&&&&&025235.&&&&&025,235 &&&&&&&&&&&&0461.&&&&&0461 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01194.&&&&&01,194 km²)
State map highlighting Lamoille County


Orange County 017 Chelsea 1781 Part of Cumberland County. Prince William (1650–1702) of Orange. &&&&&&&&&&028899.&&&&&028,899 &&&&&&&&&&&&0689.&&&&&0689 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01785.&&&&&01,785 km²)
State map highlighting Orange County


Orleans County 019 Newport (city) 1792 Part of Chittenden County and Orange County. City of Orléans, France. &&&&&&&&&&027100.&&&&&027,100 &&&&&&&&&&&&0697.&&&&&0697 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01805.&&&&&01,805 km²)
State map highlighting Orleans County


Rutland County 021 Rutland (city) 1781 Part of Bennington County. Town of Rutland, Massachusetts. &&&&&&&&&&059736.&&&&&059,736 &&&&&&&&&&&&0932.&&&&&0932 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02414.&&&&&02,414 km²)
State map highlighting Rutland County


Washington County 023 Montpelier 1810 Parts of Orange County, Caledonia County, and Chittenden County. George Washington (1732–1799), first President of the United States (1789–1797). &&&&&&&&&&058612.&&&&&058,612 &&&&&&&&&&&&0690.&&&&&0690 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01787.&&&&&01,787 km²)
State map highlighting Washington County


Windham County 025 Newfane 1779
(as Cumberland County)
(renamed 1781)
One of the original two counties. Town of Windham, Connecticut. &&&&&&&&&&043386.&&&&&043,386 &&&&&&&&&&&&0789.&&&&&0789 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02044.&&&&&02,044 km²)
State map highlighting Windham County


Windsor County 027 Woodstock 1781 Part of Cumberland County. Town of Windsor, Connecticut. &&&&&&&&&&055737.&&&&&055,737 &&&&&&&&&&&&0971.&&&&&0971 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02515.&&&&&02,515 km²)
State map highlighting Windsor County

List of counties in Vermont Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.