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Franklin County, Vermont facts for kids

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Franklin County
St. Albans Town Hall
St. Albans Town Hall
Map of Vermont highlighting Franklin County
Location within the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Vermont
Founded December 1, 1796
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Shire Town St. Albans
Largest city St. Albans
Area
 • Total 692 sq mi (1,790 km2)
 • Land 634 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water 58 sq mi (150 km2)  8.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 49,946
 • Density 72.18/sq mi (27.867/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district At-large

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2020 census, the population was 49,946. Its county seat is the city of St. Albans. It borders the Canadian province of Quebec. The county was created in 1792 and organized in 1796. Franklin County is part of the Burlington metropolitan area.

History

Franklin County is one of several Vermont counties created from land originally ceded by the state of New York on January 15, 1777 when Vermont declared itself to be a state distinct from New York. The land originally was contested by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New Netherland, but it remained undelineated until July 20, 1764, when King George III established the boundary between New Hampshire and New York along the west bank of the Connecticut River, north of Massachusetts and south of the parallel of 45 degrees north latitude. New York assigned the land gained to Albany County. On March 12, 1772 Albany County was partitioned to create Charlotte County, and this situation remained until Vermont's independence from New York and Britain. However, this did not end the contest.

On September 3, 1783, as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Paris the Revolutionary War ended with Great Britain recognizing the independence of the United States. Vermont's border with Quebec was established at 45 degrees north latitude. In 1792, Franklin County was formed from part of Chittenden County.

The county's namesake is Benjamin Franklin.

in 2008, the federal government declared the county a disaster area after severe storms and flooding June 14–17.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 692 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 58 square miles (150 km2) (8.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,282
1810 16,615 100.6%
1820 17,192 3.5%
1830 24,525 42.7%
1840 24,531 0.0%
1850 28,586 16.5%
1860 27,231 −4.7%
1870 30,291 11.2%
1880 30,225 −0.2%
1890 29,755 −1.6%
1900 30,198 1.5%
1910 29,866 −1.1%
1920 30,026 0.5%
1930 29,975 −0.2%
1940 29,601 −1.2%
1950 29,894 1.0%
1960 29,474 −1.4%
1970 31,282 6.1%
1980 34,788 11.2%
1990 39,980 14.9%
2000 45,417 13.6%
2010 47,746 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2018

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,746 people, 18,513 households, and 12,939 families residing in the county. The population density was 75.3 inhabitants per square mile (29.1/km2). There were 21,588 housing units at an average density of 34.1 per square mile (13.2/km2). Of the 18,513 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families, and 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 39.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,623 and the median income for a family was $63,009. Males had a median income of $43,155 versus $36,940 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,767. About 7.2% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Villages are census divisions, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

Census-designated places

Economy

Personal income

The median income for a household in the county was $41,659, and the median income for a family was $46,733. Males had a median income of $32,009 versus $24,078 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,816. About 7.00% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Industry

In 2009, the county had the most dairy farms in the state, 239 out of 1,078.

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