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Fairfield, Vermont facts for kids

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Fairfield, Vermont
Countryside in Fairfield
Countryside in Fairfield
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Franklin
Communities Fairfield
East Fairfield
Fairfield Station
Saint Rocks
Area
 • Total 68.5 sq mi (177.4 km2)
 • Land 67.4 sq mi (174.6 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)
Elevation
486 ft (148 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,044
 • Density 30/sq mi (11.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05455
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-25225
GNIS feature ID 1462093

Fairfield is a town in Franklin County, Vermont, United States, chartered in 1763. The population was 2,044 at the 2020 census. President Chester A. Arthur was born in Fairfield in 1829, and lived there for the first three years of his life. A replica of his home, the Chester Alan Arthur State Historic Site, is open seasonally.

Geography

Fairfield occupies central Franklin County, east of St. Albans. Vermont Route 36 crosses the town from east to west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.5 square miles (177.4 km2), of which 67.4 square miles (174.6 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2), or 1.61%, is water. The town is drained by Black Creek, a north-flowing tributary of the Missisquoi River. Fairfield Pond is in the town's northwest corner. The town's rolling hills are used for growing hay, corn, and pasture for dairy farms, but also for growing of maple trees for maple syrup production.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 129
1800 901 598.4%
1810 1,618 79.6%
1820 1,573 −2.8%
1830 2,270 44.3%
1840 2,448 7.8%
1850 2,591 5.8%
1860 2,497 −3.6%
1870 2,391 −4.2%
1880 2,172 −9.2%
1890 1,825 −16.0%
1900 1,830 0.3%
1910 1,778 −2.8%
1920 1,532 −13.8%
1930 1,541 0.6%
1940 1,444 −6.3%
1950 1,428 −1.1%
1960 1,225 −14.2%
1970 1,285 4.9%
1980 1,493 16.2%
1990 1,680 12.5%
2000 1,800 7.1%
2010 1,891 5.1%
2020 2,044 8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 Census

As of the census of 2020, 2,044 people, 781 households, and 585 families resided in Farifield. The population density was 30.3 people per square mile (11.7/km2). There were 779 occupied housing units at an average density of 11.6 per square mile (4.4/km2).

The racial makeup of the town was 92.7% White, 0.68% Native American, 0.15% Asian, and 0.15% African-American, with an additional 5.72% identifying as being of two or more races. Those identifying as Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

The population by age broke down as 23.3% under age 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% age 65 or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 109 males; and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.6 males.

The median income for a household was $93,618, and the median income for a family was $99,471. Approximately 24% of households had income above $150,000, while 26% had income below $50,000. About 3.8% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

Of the population age 25 or older, 92.4% were high school graduates and 37.7% had a bachelor's degree or higher. Among bachelors degrees held by those over age 25, 55.9% were in science, engineering, and related fields, 18.2% were in education, 10.0% were in business, and 15.9% were in arts, humanities, and other areas.

Notable people

  • Chester A. Arthur, 21st president of the United States
  • Consuelo Northrop Bailey, first female lieutenant governor of any US state
  • Bradley Barlow, US congressman
  • Jeptha Bradley, Vermont Auditor of Accounts
  • John Fitzpatrick, mayor of New Orleans
  • Charles Shattuck Hill, editor
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