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Fairfax, Vermont
A house in Fairfax during winter
A house in Fairfax during winter
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Franklin
Communities Fairfax
Fairfax Falls
Huntsville
North Fairfax
Sanderson Corner
Area
 • Total 40.4 sq mi (104.7 km2)
 • Land 39.8 sq mi (103.2 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation
659 ft (201 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,014
 • Density 126/sq mi (48.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05454
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-24925
GNIS feature ID 1462092

Fairfax is a town in Franklin County, Vermont, United States. The population was 5,014 at the 2020 census.

Geography

The town of Fairfax is in southern Franklin County and is bordered by Chittenden County to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.4 square miles (104.7 km2), of which 39.8 square miles (103.2 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.44%, is water. The Lamoille River, a tributary of Lake Champlain, flows from east to west across the southern part of the town, passing through the communities of Fairfax and Fairfax Falls.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 254
1800 786 209.4%
1810 1,301 65.5%
1820 1,359 4.5%
1830 1,729 27.2%
1840 1,919 11.0%
1850 2,111 10.0%
1860 1,987 −5.9%
1870 1,956 −1.6%
1880 1,820 −7.0%
1890 1,523 −16.3%
1900 1,338 −12.1%
1910 1,318 −1.5%
1920 1,244 −5.6%
1930 1,249 0.4%
1940 1,229 −1.6%
1950 1,129 −8.1%
1960 1,244 10.2%
1970 1,366 9.8%
1980 1,805 32.1%
1990 2,485 37.7%
2000 3,765 51.5%
2010 4,285 13.8%
2020 5,014 17.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,285 people, 1,591 households, and 1,226 families residing in the town. The population density was 105.8 people per square mile (40.8/km2). There were 1,683 housing units at an average density of 41.6 per square mile (16.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.8% White and 1.3% Hispanic or Latino. There were 39.8% of households under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families and 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median income for a household in the town was $70,348, and the median income for a family was $77,159. The per capita income for the town was $18,632. About 2.7% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Bellows Free Academy – Fairfax, is a public K–12 school in Fairfax. The school has an average graduating class of 80 from students drawn from Fairfax and the surrounding towns of Fletcher, Georgia, Fairfield, and Westford. As of 2010, the school's per-pupil tuition is $9,870 paid by the towns (sometimes from outside the school district) who send the students to the school.

Hiram Bellows bought 4 acres (1.6 ha) of land and left money for the construction of a free school in Fairfax, Vermont. 'Bellows Free Academy – Fairfax and Saint Albans' was built from the money earned in stocks willed to the town by Bellows. The stocks had been invested in the Chicago Rock Island Railway. When the stocks had earned $250,000, the school was constructed. The original school burned on January 14, 1941, and the current school is its replacement. The school's team name is The Bullets. It competes as a Division III school. School colors are maroon and white.

Notable people

  • Donly C. Hawley, mayor of Burlington, Vermont
  • James M. Hotchkiss (1812–1877), member of the Vermont House of Representatives and Vermont Senate
  • Israel Bush Richardson (1815–1862), United States Army officer during the Mexican–American War and American Civil War, where he was a major general in the Union Army. Mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam
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