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Bennington County, Vermont facts for kids

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Bennington County
Bennington County courthouse in Manchester
Bennington County courthouse in Manchester
Map of Vermont highlighting Bennington County
Location within the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Vermont
Founded 1778
Shire Town Bennington & Manchester
Largest town Bennington
Area
 • Total 678 sq mi (1,760 km2)
 • Land 675 sq mi (1,750 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (7 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 37,347
 • Density 55.08/sq mi (21.268/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district At-large

Bennington County is a county in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2020 census, the population was 37,347. The shire towns (county seats) are jointly Bennington ("The Southshire") and Manchester ("The Northshire"), and the largest municipality is Bennington. The county was created in 1778.

History

Bennington is the oldest county in Vermont still in existence, created by the first general assembly on 17 March 1778. Vermont was organized into two original counties, with Bennington in the west and Unity (a few days later renamed Cumberland) in the east. On 16 February 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County. On 13 April 1781 Bennington gained the gore east of the town of Bromley (now Peru) from Windham and Windsor Counties.

From 26 June 1781 until 23 February 1782, Vermont attempted to annex part of New York east of the Hudson River (the so-called West Union); inhabitants in the area favored Vermont's township form of government, while Vermont hoped to gain bargaining power through expansion. New York did not lose control of the area. For almost seven months Bennington County overlapped part of Albany County, New York.

On 27 February 1787 Windham County gained the town of Stratton from Bennington County, On 25 October 1805 Rutland County gained from the county when the town of Mount Tabor gained from the town of Peru. The county gained from Rutland County when the town of Dorset gained a small area from the town of Mount Tabor on 17 November 1825.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 678 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 675 square miles (1,750 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Green Mountain National Forest (part)
  • White Rocks National Recreation Area (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 12,206
1800 14,617 19.8%
1810 15,893 8.7%
1820 16,125 1.5%
1830 17,468 8.3%
1840 16,872 −3.4%
1850 18,589 10.2%
1860 19,436 4.6%
1870 21,325 9.7%
1880 21,950 2.9%
1890 20,448 −6.8%
1900 21,705 6.1%
1910 21,378 −1.5%
1920 21,577 0.9%
1930 21,655 0.4%
1940 22,286 2.9%
1950 24,115 8.2%
1960 25,088 4.0%
1970 29,282 16.7%
1980 33,345 13.9%
1990 35,845 7.5%
2000 36,994 3.2%
2010 37,125 0.4%
2020 37,347 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2018

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,125 people, 15,470 households, and 9,767 families living in the county. The population density was 55.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.2/km2). There were 20,922 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile (12.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.6% white, 0.8% black, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:

  • Republic of Ireland 18.8% Irish
  • England 17.1% English
  • France 14.8% French
  • Germany 13.9% German
  • Italy 9.8% Italian
  • United States 5.9% American
  • Canada 5.5% French Canadian
  • Scotland 4.2% Scottish
  • Poland 3.9% Polish
  • Northern Ireland 2.8% Scotch-Irish
  • Netherlands 2.3% Dutch
  • Sweden 1.7% Swedish
  • Russia 1.6% Russian
  • Wales 1.3% Welsh

Of the 15,470 households, 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 45.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,396 and the median income for a family was $60,642. Males had a median income of $40,996 versus $32,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,962. About 8.6% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

GMCN bus bennington
GMCN bus in Bennington

Major highways

Bennington County is crossed by:

  • US 7.svg U.S. Route 7
  • Vermont 7A.svg Vermont Route 7A
  • Vermont 8.svg Vermont Route 8
  • Vermont 9.svg Vermont Route 9
  • Vermont 11.svg Vermont Route 11
  • Vermont 30.svg Vermont Route 30
  • Vermont 67.svg Vermont Route 67
  • Vermont 67A.svg Vermont Route 67A
  • Vermont 100.svg Vermont Route 100
  • Ellipse sign 153.svg Vermont Route 153
  • Vermont 279.svg Vermont Route 279
  • Vermont 313.svg Vermont Route 313
  • Ellipse sign 315.svg Vermont Route 315
  • Vermont 346.svg Vermont Route 346

Bus

The main public transportation provider in Bennington County is the Green Mountain Community Network, whose Green Mountain Express bus system has five local bus routes in and around the town of Bennington and three commuter routes to Manchester; Wilmington; Williamstown, Massachusetts; and points in between as of September 29, 2014. Readsboro is served out of Wilmington by Southeast Vermont Transit's (formerly the Deerfield Valley Transit Association) fare free MOOver bus. There are also commuter buses to Rutland from Manchester and a regional bus line to Albany, New York from Bennington via Marble Valley Regional Transit District and Yankee Trails World Travel, respectively. Premier Coach's Vermont Translines (a partner of Greyhound) also stops in Bennington and Manchester on its intercity bus route between Albany and Burlington.

Air

William H. Morse State Airport is a small public-use and state-owned airport west of downtown Bennington, serving private aviation interests. Commercial airlines are available at Albany International Airport to the west in the state of New York, and to the north at Rutland Southern Vermont Regional Airport in Rutland County.

Communities

Downtown-arlington-vt
Downtown Arlington

Towns

Villages

Villages are census divisions, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.

Census-designated places

Education

Bennington is home to Bennington College and Southern Vermont College. The Community College of Vermont and Vermont Technical College also have campuses in downtown Bennington.

Bennington County is home to these high schools:

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