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River Blackwater (River Test) facts for kids

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River Blackwater east of Testwood Lake - - 344317.jpg
River Blackwater east of Testwood Lakes
Country United Kingdom
Region Wiltshire, Hampshire
Physical characteristics
Main source Redlynch, Wiltshire
50°59′23″N 1°42′44″W / 50.98972°N 1.71222°W / 50.98972; -1.71222
River mouth Totton
50°55′36″N 1°29′31″W / 50.92667°N 1.49194°W / 50.92667; -1.49194
Length 45.0 km (28.0 mi)
Basin features
Basin size 67.5 km2 (26.1 sq mi)

This River Blackwater drains small parts of the English counties of Hampshire and Wiltshire. It is a tributary of the River Test.


It rises just to the east of the Wiltshire village of Redlynch, east of Salisbury. It then flows east into Hampshire, where it flows north of the village of Wellow and the hamlet of Wigley. The river turns south, passing under the M27 and past Broadlands Lake and the Testwood Lakes reservoirs, before joining the Test between Totton and Redbridge. The Environment Agency records the length of the main river as 39.4 kilometres (24.5 mi), with an additional 5.6 km (3.5 mi) for the watercourse from Redlynch to the confluence north of Hamptworth.

Water quality

The Environment Agency measures water quality of the river systems in England. Each is given an overall ecological status, which may be one of five levels: high, good, moderate, poor and bad. There are several components that are used to determine this, including biological status, which looks at the quantity and varieties of invertebrates, angiosperms and fish, and chemical status, which compares the concentrations of various chemicals against known safe concentrations. Chemical status is rated good or fail.

Water quality of the River Blackwater in 2019:

Section Ecological
Length Catchment Channel
Blackwater Moderate Fail Moderate 5.616 km (3.490 mi) 12.068 km2 (4.659 sq mi)
Blackwater (Test and Itchen) Good Fail Moderate 39.362 km (24.458 mi) 67.526 km2 (26.072 sq mi)
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