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Rochester, Wisconsin
Looking west in downtown Rochester
Looking west in downtown Rochester
Location of Rochester in Racine County, Wisconsin.
Location of Rochester in Racine County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 42°43′47″N 88°15′11″W / 42.72972°N 88.25306°W / 42.72972; -88.25306Coordinates: 42°43′47″N 88°15′11″W / 42.72972°N 88.25306°W / 42.72972; -88.25306
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
County Racine
Area
 • Total 17.65 sq mi (45.71 km2)
 • Land 17.42 sq mi (45.12 km2)
 • Water 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation
817 ft (249 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,682
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,867
 • Density 222.00/sq mi (85.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-68575
GNIS feature ID 1584047

Rochester is a village in Racine County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 3,682 at the 2010 census. The village is located within the former Town of Rochester. On November 4, 2008, the village of Rochester voted to consolidate with the Town of Rochester.

History

Rochester Wisconsin Municipal Building
Municipal building

The first non-Native American settlers in Rochester were a group of five farming families, who all hailed from the town of Rochester, Vermont after which they gave their new settlement its name. These were "Yankee" settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England during the colonial era. Correspondingly they were members of the Congregationalist Church and were staunch abolitionists. When they arrived in what is now Rochester there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie. They laid out post routes, built roads, constructed farms and government buildings all within the first few months of settling in what is now Rochester. The old Union House hotel in the Village of Rochester was a part of the Underground Railroad. The trail started there, went under the Fox River, and ended at a house on the other side.

Geography

Rochester is located at 42°44′26″N 88°13′26″W / 42.74056°N 88.22389°W / 42.74056; -88.22389 (42.740585, -88.224108).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 17.74 square miles (45.95 km2), of which, 17.48 square miles (45.27 km2) of it is land and 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 306
1870 392 28.1%
1880 284 −27.6%
1920 220
1930 246 11.8%
1940 288 17.1%
1950 333 15.6%
1960 413 24.0%
1970 436 5.6%
1980 746 71.1%
1990 978 31.1%
2000 1,149 17.5%
2010 3,682 220.5%
2019 (est.) 3,867 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,682 people, 1,343 households, and 1,069 families living in the village. The population density was 210.6 inhabitants per square mile (81.3/km2). There were 1,412 housing units at an average density of 80.8 per square mile (31.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 1,343 households, of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 20.4% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the village was 42 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 34.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

Notable people

  • Maurice L. Ayers, Wisconsin legislator
  • Ginger Beaumont, baseball player, first man to bat in a World Series
  • Philo Belden, Wisconsin legislator
  • Glenn W. Birkett, Wisconsin legislator
  • Jerome Case, businessman and founder of Case Corporation here
  • George Ela, Wisconsin legislator
  • Waldo Flint, Wisconsin legislator
  • Charles M. Hambright, Wisconsin legislator
  • Jane Hamilton, author
  • Raymond J. Moyer, Wisconsin legislator
  • James Tinker, Wisconsin legislator

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