List of counties in Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents
BayfieldAshlandIronDouglasWashburnVilasBurnettSawyerPricePolkDoorFlorenceLincolnBarronRuskOneidaForestTaylorMarinetteLangladeGrantLafayetteGreenRockWalworthIowaKenoshaRacineDaneJeffersonWashingtonDodgeSaukWaukeshaMilwaukeeOzaukeeColumbiaCrawfordRichlandMenomineeShawanoMarathonChippewaDunnPepinBuffaloPierceJuneauWausharaPortageGreen LakeCalumetMarquetteKewauneeSheboyganManitowocVernonOutagamieWaupacaTrempealeauSt. CroixEau ClaireFond du LacJacksonClarkLa CrosseMonroeOcontoAdamsWoodBrownWinnebagoWisconsin-counties-map
Wisconsin counties (clickable map)

The state of Wisconsin in the United States has 72 counties. The land that eventually became Wisconsin was transferred from British to American control with the 1783 signing of the Treaty of Paris. It was an unorganized part of the Northwest Territory until 1802 when all of the land from St. Louis north to the Canadian border was organized as St. Clair County. When Illinois was admitted to the union in 1818, Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. Iowa County was formed in 1829 from the Crawford County land south of the Wisconsin River. Brown County's southern portion was used to form Milwaukee County in 1834. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

Counties in Wisconsin are governed by county boards, headed by a chairperson. Counties with a population of 500,000 or more must also have a county executive. Smaller counties may have either a county executive or a county administrator. As of 2011, 13 counties had elected county executives: Brown, Chippewa, Dane, Fond du Lac, Kenosha, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Portage, Racine, Sawyer, Waukesha, and Winnebago. 23 had an appointed county administrator, 34 had an appointed administrative coordinator, and 2 had neither an executive nor an administrator. Waukesha County had both an executive and an administrator.

Each county has a county seat, often a populous or centrally located community, where the county's governmental offices are located. Some of the services provided by the county include: law enforcement, circuit courts, social services, vital records and deed registration, road maintenance, and snow removal. County officials include sheriffs, district attorneys, clerks, treasurers, coroners, surveyors, registers of deeds, and clerks of circuit court; these officers are elected for four-year terms. In most counties, elected coroners have been replaced by appointed medical examiners. State law permits counties to appoint a registered land surveyor in place of electing a surveyor.

The most populous county in the state is Milwaukee County at 947,735 people at the 2010 census. Its population is bolstered by the city of Milwaukee's 594,833 people. The county with the least population is Menominee County with 4232 residents; the Menominee Indian Reservation is co-extensive with the county. Pepin County is the smallest in area, with 231.98 square miles (600.8 km2); Marathon is the largest, having 1,544.91 square miles (4,001.3 km2).

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Wisconsin's code is 55, which when combined with any county code would be written as 55XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

List of counties

County
FIPS Code

County seat

Established

Formed from

Etymology
Population
Area
Map


Adams County 001 Friendship 1848 Portage County John Quincy Adams
(1767-1848),
President of the United States
(1825-29)
&&&&&&&&&&020875.&&&&&020,875 &&&&&&&&&&&&0645.650000645.65 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01672.&&&&&01,672 km²)
State map highlighting Adams County


Ashland County 003 Ashland 1860 unorganized territory Ashland,
Henry Clay's
estate in
Kentucky
&&&&&&&&&&016157.&&&&&016,157 &&&&&&&&&&&01045.&400001,045.04 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02707.&&&&&02,707 km²)
State map highlighting Ashland County


Barron County 005 Barron 1859 Polk County Henry D. Barron,
state senator
and circuit court judge.
&&&&&&&&&&045870.&&&&&045,870 &&&&&&&&&&&&0862.710000862.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02234.&&&&&02,234 km²)
State map highlighting Barron County


Bayfield County 007 Washburn 1845 Ashland County Henry Bayfield,
Royal naval officer and
first to survey
Great Lakes area
&&&&&&&&&&015014.&&&&&015,014 &&&&&&&&&&&01477.8600001,477.86 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03828.&&&&&03,828 km²)
State map highlighting Bayfield County


Brown County 009 Green Bay 1818 Michilimackinac Major General Jacob Brown
(1775-1828),
commanding general of the
United States Army
during the War of 1812
&&&&&&&&&0248007.&&&&&0248,007 &&&&&&&&&&&&0529.710000529.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01372.&&&&&01,372 km²)
State map highlighting Brown County


Buffalo County 011 Alma 1853 Trempealeau County The Buffalo River,
which flows through the county.
&&&&&&&&&&013587.&&&&&013,587 &&&&&&&&&&&&0671.640000671.64 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01740.&&&&&01,740 km²)
State map highlighting Buffalo County


Burnett County 013 Siren 1856 Polk County Thomas P. Burnett,
state legislator
&&&&&&&&&&015457.&&&&&015,457 &&&&&&&&&&&&0821.850000821.85 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02129.&&&&&02,129 km²)
State map highlighting Burnett County


Calumet County 015 Chilton 1836 unorganized territory The French word for a Menominee
Ceremonial pipe.
&&&&&&&&&&048971.&&&&&048,971 &&&&&&&&&&&&0318.240000318.24 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0824.&&&&&0824 km²)
State map highlighting Calumet County


Chippewa County 017 Chippewa Falls 1845 Crawford County Chippewa Indians &&&&&&&&&&062415.&&&&&062,415 &&&&&&&&&&&01008.3700001,008.37 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02612.&&&&&02,612 km²)
State map highlighting Chippewa County


Clark County 019 Neillsville 1853 Crawford County George Rogers Clark
(1752-1812),
Revolutionary War general
&&&&&&&&&&034690.&&&&&034,690 &&&&&&&&&&&01209.8200001,209.82 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03133.&&&&&03,133 km²)
State map highlighting Clark County


Columbia County 021 Portage 1846 Portage County Christopher Columbus
(1451-1506),
navigator and explorer
&&&&&&&&&&056833.&&&&&056,833 &&&&&&&&&&&&0765.530000765.53 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01983.&&&&&01,983 km²)
State map highlighting Columbia County


Crawford County 023 Prairie du Chien 1818 unorganized territory William Harris Crawford
(1772-1834),
United States Senator from Georgia
(1807-13)
and Secretary of the Treasury
1816-25
&&&&&&&&&&016644.&&&&&016,644 &&&&&&&&&&&&0570.660000570.66 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01478.&&&&&01,478 km²)
State map highlighting Crawford County


Dane County 025 Madison 1836 unorganized territory Nathan Dane
(1752-1835),
delegate to the First Continental Congress
(1785-88)
&&&&&&&&&0488073.&&&&&0488,073 &&&&&&&&&&&01197.2400001,197.24 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03101.&&&&&03,101 km²)
State map highlighting Dane County


Dodge County 027 Juneau 1836 unorganized territory Henry Dodge
(1782-1867),
Territorial Governor of Wisconsin
(1848-57)
&&&&&&&&&&088759.&&&&&088,759 &&&&&&&&&&&&0875.630000875.63 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02268.&&&&&02,268 km²)
State map highlighting Dodge County


Door County 029 Sturgeon Bay 1851 Brown County A dangerous water passage near
Door Peninsula
known as
Porte des Morts or
"door of the dead"
in French
&&&&&&&&&&027785.&&&&&027,785 &&&&&&&&&&&&0481.980000481.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01248.&&&&&01,248 km²)
State map highlighting Door County


Douglas County 031 Superior 1854 unorganized territory Stephen Douglas
(1813-61),
United States Senator
1847-61
&&&&&&&&&&044159.&&&&&044,159 &&&&&&&&&&&01304.1400001,304.14 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03378.&&&&&03,378 km²)
State map highlighting Douglas County


Dunn County 033 Menomonie 1854 Chippewa County Charles Dunn,
state senator
and
chief justice
of Wisconsin Territory
&&&&&&&&&&043857.&&&&&043,857 &&&&&&&&&&&&0850.110000850.11 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02202.&&&&&02,202 km²)
State map highlighting Dunn County


Eau Claire County 035 Eau Claire 1856 Chippewa County City of Eau Claire
French for
"clear water"
&&&&&&&&&&098736.&&&&&098,736 &&&&&&&&&&&&0637.980000637.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01652.&&&&&01,652 km²)
State map highlighting Eau Claire County


Florence County 037 Florence (CDP) 1881 Marinette and Oconto Counties Florence Julst,
the first white woman
to settle in the area
&&&&&&&&&&&04423.&&&&&04,423 &&&&&&&&&&&&0488.200000488.20 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01264.&&&&&01,264 km²)
State map highlighting Florence County


Fond du Lac County 039 Fond du Lac 1836 unorganized territory French for
"foot of the lake"
&&&&&&&&&0101633.&&&&&0101,633 &&&&&&&&&&&&0719.550000719.55 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01864.&&&&&01,864 km²)
State map highlighting Fond du Lac County


Forest County 041 Crandon 1885 Langlade and Oconto Counties Forest which covered
the area when it was settled
&&&&&&&&&&&09304.&&&&&09,304 &&&&&&&&&&&01014.&700001,014.07 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02626.&&&&&02,626 km²)
State map highlighting Forest County


Grant County 043 Lancaster 1836 unorganized territory Probably a trader named Grant
who made contact with area natives in 1810
but about whom little
else is known
&&&&&&&&&&051208.&&&&&051,208 &&&&&&&&&&&01146.8500001,146.85 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02970.&&&&&02,970 km²)
State map highlighting Grant County


Green County 045 Monroe 1836 unorganized territory Nathanael Greene
(1742-86),
quartermaster general during
the American Revolutionary War
&&&&&&&&&&036842.&&&&&036,842 &&&&&&&&&&&&0583.960000583.96 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01512.&&&&&01,512 km²)
State map highlighting Green County


Green Lake County 047 Green Lake 1858 Marquette District Green Lake
located within the county
&&&&&&&&&&019051.&&&&&019,051 &&&&&&&&&&&&0349.440000349.44 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0905.&&&&&0905 km²)
State map highlighting Green Lake County


Iowa County 049 Dodgeville 1829 unorganized territory Iowa tribe of
Indians
&&&&&&&&&&023687.&&&&&023,687 &&&&&&&&&&&&0762.580000762.58 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01975.&&&&&01,975 km²)
State map highlighting Iowa County


Iron County 051 Hurley 1893 Ashland and Oneida Counties Local iron deposits &&&&&&&&&&&05916.&&&&&05,916 &&&&&&&&&&&&0758.170000758.17 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01964.&&&&&01,964 km²)
State map highlighting Iron County


Jackson County 053 Black River Falls 1853 La Crosse County Andrew Jackson
(1767-1845),
President of the United States
1829–37
&&&&&&&&&&020449.&&&&&020,449 &&&&&&&&&&&&0987.720000987.72 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02558.&&&&&02,558 km²)
State map highlighting Jackson County


Jefferson County 055 Jefferson 1836 Milwaukee County Thomas Jefferson
(1743-1826),
President of the United States
(1801-09)
&&&&&&&&&&083686.&&&&&083,686 &&&&&&&&&&&&0556.470000556.47 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01441.&&&&&01,441 km²)
State map highlighting Jefferson County


Juneau County 057 Mauston 1856 Adams County Solomon Juneau
(1793-1856),
founder of what would become
Milwaukee
&&&&&&&&&&026664.&&&&&026,664 &&&&&&&&&&&&0766.930000766.93 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01986.&&&&&01,986 km²)
State map highlighting Juneau County


Kenosha County 059 Kenosha 1850 Racine County Indian word
meaning "place of the pike"
&&&&&&&&&0166426.&&&&&0166,426 &&&&&&&&&&&&0271.990000271.99 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0704.&&&&&0704 km²)
State map highlighting Kenosha County


Kewaunee County 061 Kewaunee 1852 Manitowoc County Either a Potawatomi
word meaning
"river of the lost"
or an Ojibwe word meaning
"prairie hen"
"wild duck" or
"to go around"
&&&&&&&&&&020574.&&&&&020,574 &&&&&&&&&&&&0342.520000342.52 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0887.&&&&&0887 km²)
State map highlighting Kewaunee County


La Crosse County 063 La Crosse 1851 unorganized territory Indian
game of lacrosse
&&&&&&&&&0114638.&&&&&0114,638 &&&&&&&&&&&&0451.690000451.69 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01170.&&&&&01,170 km²)
State map highlighting La Crosse County


Lafayette County 065 Darlington 1846 Iowa County Gilbert du Motier
marquis de La Fayette
(1757-1834),
a French general
in the American Revolutionary War
&&&&&&&&&&016836.&&&&&016,836 &&&&&&&&&&&&0633.590000633.59 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01641.&&&&&01,641 km²)
State map highlighting Lafayette County


Langlade County 067 Antigo 1879 unorganized territory Charles de Langlade
(1729 – c.1800),
American Revolutionary War veteran
and United States Indian Agent
in Green Bay
&&&&&&&&&&019977.&&&&&019,977 &&&&&&&&&&&&0870.640000870.64 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02255.&&&&&02,255 km²)
State map highlighting Langlade County


Lincoln County 069 Merrill 1874 Marathon County Abraham Lincoln
(1809-65),
President of the United States
1861-65
&&&&&&&&&&028743.&&&&&028,743 &&&&&&&&&&&&0878.970000878.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02277.&&&&&02,277 km²)
State map highlighting Lincoln County


Manitowoc County 071 Manitowoc 1836 unorganized territory Munedoo-owk, a Ojibwe word meaning "the place of the good spirit" &&&&&&&&&&081442.&&&&&081,442 &&&&&&&&&&&&0589.&80000589.08 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01526.&&&&&01,526 km²)
State map highlighting Manitowoc County


Marathon County 073 Wausau 1850 Portage County Marathon, Greece &&&&&&&&&0134063.&&&&&0134,063 &&&&&&&&&&&01544.9800001,544.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&04001.&&&&&04,001 km²)
State map highlighting Marathon County


Marinette County 075 Marinette 1879 Oconto County Marie Antoinette Chevalier, Indian wife of an early fur trapper &&&&&&&&&&041749.&&&&&041,749 &&&&&&&&&&&01399.3500001,399.35 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03624.&&&&&03,624 km²)
State map highlighting Marinette County


Marquette County 077 Montello 1836 Marquette District Father Pere Jacques Marquette
(1637-75),
missionary and explorer
&&&&&&&&&&015404.&&&&&015,404 &&&&&&&&&&&&0455.600000455.60 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01180.&&&&&01,180 km²)
State map highlighting Marquette County


Menominee County 078 Keshena 1959 Menominee Indian Reservation, Shawano, and Oconto Counties Menominee Indians &&&&&&&&&&&04232.&&&&&04,232 &&&&&&&&&&&&0357.610000357.61 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0926.&&&&&0926 km²)
State map highlighting Menominee County


Milwaukee County 079 Milwaukee 1834 unorganized territory Mahnawaukee-Seepe,
an Indian word meaning
"gathering place by the river"
&&&&&&&&&0947735.&&&&&0947,735 &&&&&&&&&&&&0241.400000241.40 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0625.&&&&&0625 km²)
State map highlighting Milwaukee County


Monroe County 081 Sparta 1854 La Crosse County James Monroe
(1758-1831),
President of the United States
(1817-25)
&&&&&&&&&&044673.&&&&&044,673 &&&&&&&&&&&&0900.780000900.78 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02333.&&&&&02,333 km²)
State map highlighting Monroe County


Oconto County 083 Oconto 1851 unorganized territory An Indian settlement and the Oconto River, whose name means "plentiful with fish" &&&&&&&&&&037660.&&&&&037,660 &&&&&&&&&&&&0997.990000997.99 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02585.&&&&&02,585 km²)
State map highlighting Oconto County


Oneida County 085 Rhinelander 1885 Lincoln County Oneida Indians &&&&&&&&&&035998.&&&&&035,998 &&&&&&&&&&&01112.9700001,112.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02883.&&&&&02,883 km²)
State map highlighting Oneida County


Outagamie County 087 Appleton 1851 Brown County Outagamie Indians &&&&&&&&&0176695.&&&&&0176,695 &&&&&&&&&&&&0637.520000637.52 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01651.&&&&&01,651 km²)
State map highlighting Outagamie County


Ozaukee County 089 Port Washington 1853 Milwaukee County The Ojibwe word for the Sauk nation &&&&&&&&&&086395.&&&&&086,395 &&&&&&&&&&&&0233.&80000233.08 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0604.&&&&&0604 km²)
State map highlighting Ozaukee County


Pepin County 091 Durand 1858 Dunn County Pierre and Jean Pepin du Chardonnets, explorers &&&&&&&&&&&07469.&&&&&07,469 &&&&&&&&&&&&0231.980000231.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0601.&&&&&0601 km²)
State map highlighting Pepin County


Pierce County 093 Ellsworth 1853 Saint Croix County Franklin Pierce (1804-69), President of the United States (1853-57) &&&&&&&&&&041019.&&&&&041,019 &&&&&&&&&&&&0573.750000573.75 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01486.&&&&&01,486 km²)
State map highlighting Pierce County


Polk County 095 Balsam Lake 1853 Saint Croix County James Polk
(1795-1849),
President of the United States
(1845-49)
&&&&&&&&&&044205.&&&&&044,205 &&&&&&&&&&&&0913.960000913.96 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02367.&&&&&02,367 km²)
State map highlighting Polk County


Portage County 097 Stevens Point 1836 unorganized territory Passage between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers &&&&&&&&&&070019.&&&&&070,019 &&&&&&&&&&&&0800.680000800.68 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02074.&&&&&02,074 km²)
State map highlighting Portage County


Price County 099 Phillips 1879 Chippewa and Lincoln Counties William T. Price
(1824-86),
United States Congressman
(1883-86)
&&&&&&&&&&014159.&&&&&014,159 &&&&&&&&&&&01254.3800001,254.38 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03249.&&&&&03,249 km²)
State map highlighting Price County


Racine County 101 Racine 1836 unorganized territory Racine, the French word for "root", after the Root River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&0195408.&&&&&0195,408 &&&&&&&&&&&&0332.500000332.5 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0861.&&&&&0861 km²)
State map highlighting Racine County


Richland County 103 Richland Center 1842 Iowa County The rich soil of the area &&&&&&&&&&018021.&&&&&018,021 &&&&&&&&&&&&0586.150000586.15 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01518.&&&&&01,518 km²)
State map highlighting Richland County


Rock County 105 Janesville 1836 unorganized territory Rock River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&0160331.&&&&&0160,331 &&&&&&&&&&&&0718.140000718.14 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01860.&&&&&01,860 km²)
State map highlighting Rock County


Rusk County 107 Ladysmith 1901 Chippewa County Jeremiah McLain Rusk (1830-93), Governor of Wisconsin 1882-89 &&&&&&&&&&014755.&&&&&014,755 &&&&&&&&&&&&0913.590000913.59 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02366.&&&&&02,366 km²)
State map highlighting Rusk County


Sauk County 111 Baraboo 1840 unorganized territory Sauk Indians &&&&&&&&&&061976.&&&&&061,976 &&&&&&&&&&&&0830.900000830.9 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02152.&&&&&02,152 km²)
State map highlighting Sauk County


Sawyer County 113 Hayward 1883 Oconto County Philetus Sawyer
(1816-1900),
United States Representative
(1865-75)
and Senator
(1881-93)
from Wisconsin
&&&&&&&&&&016557.&&&&&016,557 &&&&&&&&&&&01257.3100001,257.31 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03256.&&&&&03,256 km²)
State map highlighting Sawyer County


Shawano County 115 Shawano 1853 Oconto County A Ojibwe word meaning "southern" &&&&&&&&&&041949.&&&&&041,949 &&&&&&&&&&&&0893.&60000893.06 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02313.&&&&&02,313 km²)
State map highlighting Shawano County


Sheboygan County 117 Sheboygan 1836 unorganized territory Shawb-wa-way-kun, an Indian word meaning "great noise underground" &&&&&&&&&0115507.&&&&&0115,507 &&&&&&&&&&&&0511.270000511.27 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01324.&&&&&01,324 km²)
State map highlighting Sheboygan County


St. Croix County 109 Hudson 1840 unorganized territory An early French explorer named St. Croix, about whom little is known &&&&&&&&&&084345.&&&&&084,345 &&&&&&&&&&&&0722.330000722.33 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01871.&&&&&01,871 km²)
State map highlighting St. Croix County


Taylor County 119 Medford 1875 Clark, Lincoln, Marathon and Chippewa Counties William Robert Taylor (1820-1909), Governor of Wisconsin 1874-76 &&&&&&&&&&020689.&&&&&020,689 &&&&&&&&&&&&0974.880000974.88 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02525.&&&&&02,525 km²)
State map highlighting Taylor County


Trempealeau County 121 Whitehall 1854 Crawford and La Crosse Counties Trempealeau Mountain (from the French for "mountain with its foot in the water"), a bluff located in a bend of the Trempealeau River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&&028816.&&&&&028,816 &&&&&&&&&&&&0732.970000732.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01898.&&&&&01,898 km²)
State map highlighting Trempealeau County


Vernon County 123 Viroqua 1851 Richland and Crawford Counties Mount Vernon, home of George Washington &&&&&&&&&&029773.&&&&&029,773 &&&&&&&&&&&&0791.580000791.58 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02050.&&&&&02,050 km²)
State map highlighting Vernon County


Vilas County 125 Eagle River 1893 Oneida County William Vilas (1840-1908),
officer in the Civil War
United States Postmaster General
(1885-88)
United States Secretary of the Interior
(1888-89)
and Senator from Wisconsin
(1891-97)
&&&&&&&&&&021430.&&&&&021,430 &&&&&&&&&&&&0856.600000856.60 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02219.&&&&&02,219 km²)
State map highlighting Vilas County


Walworth County 127 Elkhorn 1836 unorganized territory Reuben Hyde Walworth
(1788-1867),
jurist from New York
&&&&&&&&&0102228.&&&&&0102,228 &&&&&&&&&&&&0555.130000555.13 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01438.&&&&&01,438 km²)
State map highlighting Walworth County


Washburn County 129 Shell Lake 1883 Burnett County Cadwallader Washburn
(1818-82),
Governor of Wisconsin
(1872–74)
and Representative from Wisconsin
(1867–71)
&&&&&&&&&&015911.&&&&&015,911 &&&&&&&&&&&&0797.110000797.11 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02065.&&&&&02,065 km²)
State map highlighting Washburn County


Washington County 131 West Bend 1836 unorganized territory George Washington
(1732-99),
American Revolutionary War leader
(1775–83)
and first President of the United States
(1789–97)
&&&&&&&&&0131887.&&&&&0131,887 &&&&&&&&&&&&0430.700000430.70 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01116.&&&&&01,116 km²)
State map highlighting Washington County


Waukesha County 133 Waukesha 1846 Milwaukee County Waugooshance,
a Pottawatomi word meaning
"little foxes"
&&&&&&&&&0389891.&&&&&0389,891 &&&&&&&&&&&&0549.570000549.57 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01423.&&&&&01,423 km²)
State map highlighting Waukesha County


Waupaca County 135 Waupaca 1851 Brown and Winnebago Counties wau-pa-ka-ho-nak,
a Menominee word
meaning "white sand bottom" or
"brave young hero"
&&&&&&&&&&052410.&&&&&052,410 &&&&&&&&&&&&0747.710000747.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01937.&&&&&01,937 km²)
State map highlighting Waupaca County


Waushara County 137 Wautoma 1851 Marquette County An Indian
word meaning
"good earth"
&&&&&&&&&&024496.&&&&&024,496 &&&&&&&&&&&&0626.150000626.15 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01622.&&&&&01,622 km²)
State map highlighting Waushara County


Winnebago County 139 Oshkosh 1840 land of the Menominee
and Ho Chunk Indians
Winnebago Indians &&&&&&&&&0166994.&&&&&0166,994 &&&&&&&&&&&&0434.490000434.49 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01125.&&&&&01,125 km²)
State map highlighting Winnebago County


Wood County 141 Wisconsin Rapids 1856 Portage County Joseph Wood
(1809-90),
state legislator
(1856-58)
&&&&&&&&&&074749.&&&&&074,749 &&&&&&&&&&&&0793.120000793.12 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02054.&&&&&02,054 km²)
State map highlighting Wood County

Renamed and proposed counties

Five counties in Wisconsin have been renamed and two have been proposed.

County Dates Etymology Fate
Bad Ax(e) County 1851–1862 The Bad Axe River, Battle of Bad Axe
(County variably named with 'Ax' or 'Axe' depending on source)
Renamed Vernon County in 1862.
Century County 2011 Proposed in 1997 for creation after the year 2000; the name was selected to represent "a new county for a new century". Because of issues with delivery of services by the county government, some residents of Marshfield proposed a new county to be created from several towns in Clark, Marathon, and Wood Counties, the city of Marshfield, and the village of Spencer.
Dallas County 1859–1869 George M. Dallas
(1792–1864)
Vice President of the United States
(1845–49)
Renamed Barron County in 1869.
Gates County 1901–1905 Milwaukee land speculator James L. Gates Renamed Rusk County in 1905.
La Pointe County 1845–1866 Renamed Bayfield County in 1866.
New County 1879–1880 A new county formed from part of Oconto County Renamed Langlade County in 1880
Tuskola County 1850 proposed county to come from Washington County in 1850 Within modern Washington and Ozaukee counties [1]

List of counties in Wisconsin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.