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List of counties in Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents
Quick facts for kids
Counties of Wisconsin
Wisconsin-counties-map.gif
Location State of Wisconsin
Number 72
Populations 4,255 (Menominee) – 939,489 (Milwaukee)
Areas 231.98 square miles (600.8 km2) (Pepin) – 1,544.91 square miles (4,001.3 km2) (Marathon)
Government County government
Subdivisions cities, villages, towns

There are 72 counties in the U.S. State of Wisconsin. The land that eventually became Wisconsin was transferred from British to American control with the 1783 signing of the Treaty of Paris. It was an unorganized part of the Northwest Territory until 1802 when all of the land from St. Louis north to the Canadian border was organized as St. Clair County. When Illinois was admitted to the union in 1818, Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. Iowa County was formed in 1829 from the Crawford County land south of the Wisconsin River. Brown County's southern portion was used to form Milwaukee County in 1834. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

The most populous county in the state is Milwaukee County at 939,489 people at the 2020 census. Its population is bolstered by the city of Milwaukee's 577,222 people. The county with the least population is Menominee County with 4,255 residents; the Menominee Indian Reservation is co-extensive with the county. Pepin County is the smallest in area, with 231.98 square miles (600.8 km2); Marathon is the largest, having 1,544.91 square miles (4,001.3 km2).

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Wisconsin's code is 55, which when combined with any county code would be written as 55XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

List of counties

County
FIPS code County seat Established Formed from Etymology Population Area Map
Adams County 001 Friendship 1848 Portage County John Quincy Adams
(1767-1848),
President of the United States
(1825-29)
&&&&&&&&&&020875.&&&&&020,875 &&&&&&&&&&&&0645.650000645.65 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01672.&&&&&01,672 km2)
State map highlighting Adams County
Ashland County 003 Ashland 1860 unorganized territory Ashland,
Henry Clay's
estate in
Kentucky
&&&&&&&&&&016157.&&&&&016,157 &&&&&&&&&&&01045.&400001,045.04 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02707.&&&&&02,707 km2)
State map highlighting Ashland County
Barron County 005 Barron 1859 Polk County Henry D. Barron,
state senator
and circuit court judge.
&&&&&&&&&&045870.&&&&&045,870 &&&&&&&&&&&&0862.710000862.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02234.&&&&&02,234 km2)
State map highlighting Barron County
Bayfield County 007 Washburn 1845 Ashland County Henry Bayfield,
Royal naval officer and
first to survey
Great Lakes area
&&&&&&&&&&015014.&&&&&015,014 &&&&&&&&&&&01477.8600001,477.86 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03828.&&&&&03,828 km2)
State map highlighting Bayfield County
Brown County 009 Green Bay 1818 Michilimackinac Major General Jacob Brown
(1775-1828),
commanding general of the
United States Army
during the War of 1812
&&&&&&&&&0248007.&&&&&0248,007 &&&&&&&&&&&&0529.710000529.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01372.&&&&&01,372 km2)
State map highlighting Brown County
Buffalo County 011 Alma 1853 Trempealeau County The Buffalo River,
which flows through the county.
&&&&&&&&&&013587.&&&&&013,587 &&&&&&&&&&&&0671.640000671.64 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01740.&&&&&01,740 km2)
State map highlighting Buffalo County
Burnett County 013 Siren 1856 Polk County Thomas P. Burnett,
state legislator
&&&&&&&&&&015457.&&&&&015,457 &&&&&&&&&&&&0821.850000821.85 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02129.&&&&&02,129 km2)
State map highlighting Burnett County
Calumet County 015 Chilton 1836 unorganized territory The French word for a Menominee
Ceremonial pipe.
&&&&&&&&&&048971.&&&&&048,971 &&&&&&&&&&&&0318.240000318.24 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0824.&&&&&0824 km2)
State map highlighting Calumet County
Chippewa County 017 Chippewa Falls 1845 Crawford County Chippewa Indians &&&&&&&&&&062415.&&&&&062,415 &&&&&&&&&&&01008.3700001,008.37 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02612.&&&&&02,612 km2)
State map highlighting Chippewa County
Clark County 019 Neillsville 1853 Crawford County George Rogers Clark
(1752-1812),
Revolutionary War general
&&&&&&&&&&034690.&&&&&034,690 &&&&&&&&&&&01209.8200001,209.82 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03133.&&&&&03,133 km2)
State map highlighting Clark County
Columbia County 021 Portage 1846 Portage County Christopher Columbus
(1451-1506),
navigator and explorer
&&&&&&&&&&056833.&&&&&056,833 &&&&&&&&&&&&0765.530000765.53 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01983.&&&&&01,983 km2)
State map highlighting Columbia County
Crawford County 023 Prairie du Chien 1818 unorganized territory William Harris Crawford
(1772-1834),
United States Senator from Georgia
(1807-13)
and Secretary of the Treasury
1816-25
&&&&&&&&&&016644.&&&&&016,644 &&&&&&&&&&&&0570.660000570.66 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01478.&&&&&01,478 km2)
State map highlighting Crawford County
Dane County 025 Madison 1836 unorganized territory Nathan Dane
(1752-1835),
delegate to the First Continental Congress
(1785-88)
&&&&&&&&&0488073.&&&&&0488,073 &&&&&&&&&&&01197.2400001,197.24 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03101.&&&&&03,101 km2)
State map highlighting Dane County
Dodge County 027 Juneau 1836 unorganized territory Henry Dodge
(1782-1867),
Territorial Governor of Wisconsin
(1848-57)
&&&&&&&&&&088759.&&&&&088,759 &&&&&&&&&&&&0875.630000875.63 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02268.&&&&&02,268 km2)
State map highlighting Dodge County
Door County 029 Sturgeon Bay 1851 Brown County A dangerous water passage near
Door Peninsula
known as
Porte des Morts or
"door of the dead"
in French
&&&&&&&&&&027785.&&&&&027,785 &&&&&&&&&&&&0481.980000481.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01248.&&&&&01,248 km2)
State map highlighting Door County
Douglas County 031 Superior 1854 unorganized territory Stephen Douglas
(1813-61),
United States Senator
1847-61
&&&&&&&&&&044159.&&&&&044,159 &&&&&&&&&&&01304.1400001,304.14 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03378.&&&&&03,378 km2)
State map highlighting Douglas County
Dunn County 033 Menomonie 1854 Chippewa County Charles Dunn,
state senator
and
chief justice
of Wisconsin Territory
&&&&&&&&&&043857.&&&&&043,857 &&&&&&&&&&&&0850.110000850.11 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02202.&&&&&02,202 km2)
State map highlighting Dunn County
Eau Claire County 035 Eau Claire 1856 Chippewa County City of Eau Claire
French for
"clear water"
&&&&&&&&&&098736.&&&&&098,736 &&&&&&&&&&&&0637.980000637.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01652.&&&&&01,652 km2)
State map highlighting Eau Claire County
Florence County 037 Florence (CDP) 1881 Marinette and Oconto Counties Florence Julst,
the first white woman
to settle in the area
&&&&&&&&&&&04423.&&&&&04,423 &&&&&&&&&&&&0488.200000488.20 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01264.&&&&&01,264 km2)
State map highlighting Florence County
Fond du Lac County 039 Fond du Lac 1836 unorganized territory French for
"foot of the lake"
&&&&&&&&&0101633.&&&&&0101,633 &&&&&&&&&&&&0719.550000719.55 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01864.&&&&&01,864 km2)
State map highlighting Fond du Lac County
Forest County 041 Crandon 1885 Langlade and Oconto Counties Forest which covered
the area when it was settled
&&&&&&&&&&&09304.&&&&&09,304 &&&&&&&&&&&01014.&700001,014.07 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02626.&&&&&02,626 km2)
State map highlighting Forest County
Grant County 043 Lancaster 1836 unorganized territory Probably a trader named Grant
who made contact with area natives in 1810
but about whom little
else is known
&&&&&&&&&&051208.&&&&&051,208 &&&&&&&&&&&01146.8500001,146.85 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02970.&&&&&02,970 km2)
State map highlighting Grant County
Green County 045 Monroe 1836 unorganized territory Nathanael Greene
(1742-86),
quartermaster general during
the American Revolutionary War
&&&&&&&&&&036842.&&&&&036,842 &&&&&&&&&&&&0583.960000583.96 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01512.&&&&&01,512 km2)
State map highlighting Green County
Green Lake County 047 Green Lake 1858 Marquette District Green Lake
located within the county
&&&&&&&&&&019051.&&&&&019,051 &&&&&&&&&&&&0349.440000349.44 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0905.&&&&&0905 km2)
State map highlighting Green Lake County
Iowa County 049 Dodgeville 1829 unorganized territory Iowa tribe of
Indians
&&&&&&&&&&023687.&&&&&023,687 &&&&&&&&&&&&0762.580000762.58 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01975.&&&&&01,975 km2)
State map highlighting Iowa County
Iron County 051 Hurley 1893 Ashland and Oneida Counties Local iron deposits &&&&&&&&&&&05916.&&&&&05,916 &&&&&&&&&&&&0758.170000758.17 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01964.&&&&&01,964 km2)
State map highlighting Iron County
Jackson County 053 Black River Falls 1853 La Crosse County Andrew Jackson
(1767-1845),
President of the United States
1829–37
&&&&&&&&&&020449.&&&&&020,449 &&&&&&&&&&&&0987.720000987.72 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02558.&&&&&02,558 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County 055 Jefferson 1836 Milwaukee County Thomas Jefferson
(1743-1826),
President of the United States
(1801-09)
&&&&&&&&&&083686.&&&&&083,686 &&&&&&&&&&&&0556.470000556.47 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01441.&&&&&01,441 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Juneau County 057 Mauston 1856 Adams County Solomon Juneau
(1793-1856),
founder of what would become
Milwaukee
&&&&&&&&&&026664.&&&&&026,664 &&&&&&&&&&&&0766.930000766.93 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01986.&&&&&01,986 km2)
State map highlighting Juneau County
Kenosha County 059 Kenosha 1850 Racine County Indian word
meaning "place of the pike"
&&&&&&&&&0166426.&&&&&0166,426 &&&&&&&&&&&&0271.990000271.99 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0704.&&&&&0704 km2)
State map highlighting Kenosha County
Kewaunee County 061 Kewaunee 1852 Manitowoc County Either a Potawatomi
word meaning
"river of the lost"
or an Ojibwe word meaning
"prairie hen"
"wild duck" or
"to go around"
&&&&&&&&&&020574.&&&&&020,574 &&&&&&&&&&&&0342.520000342.52 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0887.&&&&&0887 km2)
State map highlighting Kewaunee County
La Crosse County 063 La Crosse 1851 unorganized territory Indian
game of lacrosse
&&&&&&&&&0114638.&&&&&0114,638 &&&&&&&&&&&&0451.690000451.69 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01170.&&&&&01,170 km2)
State map highlighting La Crosse County
Lafayette County 065 Darlington 1846 Iowa County Gilbert du Motier
marquis de La Fayette
(1757-1834),
a French general
in the American Revolutionary War
&&&&&&&&&&016836.&&&&&016,836 &&&&&&&&&&&&0633.590000633.59 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01641.&&&&&01,641 km2)
State map highlighting Lafayette County
Langlade County 067 Antigo 1879 unorganized territory Charles de Langlade
(1729 – c.1800),
American Revolutionary War veteran
and United States Indian Agent
in Green Bay
&&&&&&&&&&019977.&&&&&019,977 &&&&&&&&&&&&0870.640000870.64 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02255.&&&&&02,255 km2)
State map highlighting Langlade County
Lincoln County 069 Merrill 1874 Marathon County Abraham Lincoln
(1809-65),
President of the United States
1861-65
&&&&&&&&&&028743.&&&&&028,743 &&&&&&&&&&&&0878.970000878.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02277.&&&&&02,277 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
Manitowoc County 071 Manitowoc 1836 unorganized territory Munedoo-owk, a Ojibwe word meaning "the place of the good spirit" &&&&&&&&&&081442.&&&&&081,442 &&&&&&&&&&&&0589.&80000589.08 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01526.&&&&&01,526 km2)
State map highlighting Manitowoc County
Marathon County 073 Wausau 1850 Portage County Marathon, Greece &&&&&&&&&0134063.&&&&&0134,063 &&&&&&&&&&&01544.9800001,544.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&04001.&&&&&04,001 km2)
State map highlighting Marathon County
Marinette County 075 Marinette 1879 Oconto County Marie Antoinette Chevalier, Indian wife of an early fur trapper &&&&&&&&&&041749.&&&&&041,749 &&&&&&&&&&&01399.3500001,399.35 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03624.&&&&&03,624 km2)
State map highlighting Marinette County
Marquette County 077 Montello 1836 Marquette District Father Pere Jacques Marquette
(1637-75),
missionary and explorer
&&&&&&&&&&015404.&&&&&015,404 &&&&&&&&&&&&0455.600000455.60 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01180.&&&&&01,180 km2)
State map highlighting Marquette County
Menominee County 078 Keshena 1959 Menominee Indian Reservation, Shawano, and Oconto Counties Menominee Indians &&&&&&&&&&&04232.&&&&&04,232 &&&&&&&&&&&&0357.610000357.61 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0926.&&&&&0926 km2)
State map highlighting Menominee County
Milwaukee County 079 Milwaukee 1834 unorganized territory Mahnawaukee-Seepe,
an Indian word meaning
"gathering place by the river"
&&&&&&&&&0947735.&&&&&0947,735 &&&&&&&&&&&&0241.400000241.40 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0625.&&&&&0625 km2)
State map highlighting Milwaukee County
Monroe County 081 Sparta 1854 La Crosse County James Monroe
(1758-1831),
President of the United States
(1817-25)
&&&&&&&&&&044673.&&&&&044,673 &&&&&&&&&&&&0900.780000900.78 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02333.&&&&&02,333 km2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Oconto County 083 Oconto 1851 unorganized territory An Indian settlement and the Oconto River, whose name means "plentiful with fish" &&&&&&&&&&037660.&&&&&037,660 &&&&&&&&&&&&0997.990000997.99 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02585.&&&&&02,585 km2)
State map highlighting Oconto County
Oneida County 085 Rhinelander 1885 Lincoln County Oneida Indians &&&&&&&&&&035998.&&&&&035,998 &&&&&&&&&&&01112.9700001,112.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02883.&&&&&02,883 km2)
State map highlighting Oneida County
Outagamie County 087 Appleton 1851 Brown County Outagamie Indians &&&&&&&&&0176695.&&&&&0176,695 &&&&&&&&&&&&0637.520000637.52 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01651.&&&&&01,651 km2)
State map highlighting Outagamie County
Ozaukee County 089 Port Washington 1853 Milwaukee County The Ojibwe word for the Sauk nation &&&&&&&&&&086395.&&&&&086,395 &&&&&&&&&&&&0233.&80000233.08 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0604.&&&&&0604 km2)
State map highlighting Ozaukee County
Pepin County 091 Durand 1858 Dunn County Pierre and Jean Pepin du Chardonnets, explorers &&&&&&&&&&&07469.&&&&&07,469 &&&&&&&&&&&&0231.980000231.98 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0601.&&&&&0601 km2)
State map highlighting Pepin County
Pierce County 093 Ellsworth 1853 Saint Croix County Franklin Pierce (1804-69), President of the United States (1853-57) &&&&&&&&&&041019.&&&&&041,019 &&&&&&&&&&&&0573.750000573.75 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01486.&&&&&01,486 km2)
State map highlighting Pierce County
Polk County 095 Balsam Lake 1853 Saint Croix County James Polk
(1795-1849),
President of the United States
(1845-49)
&&&&&&&&&&044205.&&&&&044,205 &&&&&&&&&&&&0913.960000913.96 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02367.&&&&&02,367 km2)
State map highlighting Polk County
Portage County 097 Stevens Point 1836 unorganized territory Passage between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers &&&&&&&&&&070019.&&&&&070,019 &&&&&&&&&&&&0800.680000800.68 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02074.&&&&&02,074 km2)
State map highlighting Portage County
Price County 099 Phillips 1879 Chippewa and Lincoln Counties William T. Price
(1824-86),
United States Congressman
(1883-86)
&&&&&&&&&&014159.&&&&&014,159 &&&&&&&&&&&01254.3800001,254.38 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03249.&&&&&03,249 km2)
State map highlighting Price County
Racine County 101 Racine 1836 unorganized territory Racine, the French word for "root", after the Root River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&0195408.&&&&&0195,408 &&&&&&&&&&&&0332.500000332.5 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&0861.&&&&&0861 km2)
State map highlighting Racine County
Richland County 103 Richland Center 1842 Iowa County The rich soil of the area &&&&&&&&&&018021.&&&&&018,021 &&&&&&&&&&&&0586.150000586.15 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01518.&&&&&01,518 km2)
State map highlighting Richland County
Rock County 105 Janesville 1836 unorganized territory Rock River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&0160331.&&&&&0160,331 &&&&&&&&&&&&0718.140000718.14 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01860.&&&&&01,860 km2)
State map highlighting Rock County
Rusk County 107 Ladysmith 1901 Chippewa County Jeremiah McLain Rusk (1830-93), Governor of Wisconsin 1882-89 &&&&&&&&&&014755.&&&&&014,755 &&&&&&&&&&&&0913.590000913.59 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02366.&&&&&02,366 km2)
State map highlighting Rusk County
Sauk County 111 Baraboo 1840 unorganized territory Sauk Indians &&&&&&&&&&061976.&&&&&061,976 &&&&&&&&&&&&0830.900000830.9 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02152.&&&&&02,152 km2)
State map highlighting Sauk County
Sawyer County 113 Hayward 1883 Oconto County Philetus Sawyer
(1816-1900),
United States Representative
(1865-75)
and Senator
(1881-93)
from Wisconsin
&&&&&&&&&&016557.&&&&&016,557 &&&&&&&&&&&01257.3100001,257.31 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&03256.&&&&&03,256 km2)
State map highlighting Sawyer County
Shawano County 115 Shawano 1853 Oconto County A Ojibwe word meaning "southern" &&&&&&&&&&041949.&&&&&041,949 &&&&&&&&&&&&0893.&60000893.06 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02313.&&&&&02,313 km2)
State map highlighting Shawano County
Sheboygan County 117 Sheboygan 1836 unorganized territory Shawb-wa-way-kun, an Indian word meaning "great noise underground" &&&&&&&&&0115507.&&&&&0115,507 &&&&&&&&&&&&0511.270000511.27 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01324.&&&&&01,324 km2)
State map highlighting Sheboygan County
St. Croix County 109 Hudson 1840 unorganized territory An early French explorer named St. Croix, about whom little is known &&&&&&&&&&084345.&&&&&084,345 &&&&&&&&&&&&0722.330000722.33 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01871.&&&&&01,871 km2)
State map highlighting St. Croix County
Taylor County 119 Medford 1875 Clark, Lincoln, Marathon and Chippewa Counties William Robert Taylor (1820-1909), Governor of Wisconsin 1874-76 &&&&&&&&&&020689.&&&&&020,689 &&&&&&&&&&&&0974.880000974.88 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02525.&&&&&02,525 km2)
State map highlighting Taylor County
Trempealeau County 121 Whitehall 1854 Crawford and La Crosse Counties Trempealeau Mountain (from the French for "mountain with its foot in the water"), a bluff located in a bend of the Trempealeau River, which flows through the county &&&&&&&&&&028816.&&&&&028,816 &&&&&&&&&&&&0732.970000732.97 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01898.&&&&&01,898 km2)
State map highlighting Trempealeau County
Vernon County 123 Viroqua 1851 Richland and Crawford Counties Mount Vernon, home of George Washington &&&&&&&&&&029773.&&&&&029,773 &&&&&&&&&&&&0791.580000791.58 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02050.&&&&&02,050 km2)
State map highlighting Vernon County
Vilas County 125 Eagle River 1893 Oneida County William Vilas (1840-1908),
officer in the Civil War
United States Postmaster General
(1885-88)
United States Secretary of the Interior
(1888-89)
and Senator from Wisconsin
(1891-97)
&&&&&&&&&&021430.&&&&&021,430 &&&&&&&&&&&&0856.600000856.60 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02219.&&&&&02,219 km2)
State map highlighting Vilas County
Walworth County 127 Elkhorn 1836 unorganized territory Reuben Hyde Walworth
(1788-1867),
jurist from New York
&&&&&&&&&0102228.&&&&&0102,228 &&&&&&&&&&&&0555.130000555.13 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01438.&&&&&01,438 km2)
State map highlighting Walworth County
Washburn County 129 Shell Lake 1883 Burnett County Cadwallader Washburn
(1818-82),
Governor of Wisconsin
(1872–74)
and Representative from Wisconsin
(1867–71)
&&&&&&&&&&015911.&&&&&015,911 &&&&&&&&&&&&0797.110000797.11 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02065.&&&&&02,065 km2)
State map highlighting Washburn County
Washington County 131 West Bend 1836 unorganized territory George Washington
(1732-99),
American Revolutionary War leader
(1775–83)
and first President of the United States
(1789–97)
&&&&&&&&&0131887.&&&&&0131,887 &&&&&&&&&&&&0430.700000430.70 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01116.&&&&&01,116 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Waukesha County 133 Waukesha 1846 Milwaukee County Waugooshance,
a Pottawatomi word meaning
"little foxes"
&&&&&&&&&0389891.&&&&&0389,891 &&&&&&&&&&&&0549.570000549.57 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01423.&&&&&01,423 km2)
State map highlighting Waukesha County
Waupaca County 135 Waupaca 1851 Brown and Winnebago Counties wau-pa-ka-ho-nak,
a Menominee word
meaning "white sand bottom" or
"brave young hero"
&&&&&&&&&&052410.&&&&&052,410 &&&&&&&&&&&&0747.710000747.71 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01937.&&&&&01,937 km2)
State map highlighting Waupaca County
Waushara County 137 Wautoma 1851 Marquette County An Indian
word meaning
"good earth"
&&&&&&&&&&024496.&&&&&024,496 &&&&&&&&&&&&0626.150000626.15 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01622.&&&&&01,622 km2)
State map highlighting Waushara County
Winnebago County 139 Oshkosh 1840 land of the Menominee
and Ho Chunk Indians
Winnebago Indians &&&&&&&&&0166994.&&&&&0166,994 &&&&&&&&&&&&0434.490000434.49 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&01125.&&&&&01,125 km2)
State map highlighting Winnebago County
Wood County 141 Wisconsin Rapids 1856 Portage County Joseph Wood
(1809-90),
state legislator
(1856-58)
&&&&&&&&&&074749.&&&&&074,749 &&&&&&&&&&&&0793.120000793.12 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&02054.&&&&&02,054 km2)
State map highlighting Wood County

Renamed and proposed counties

Five counties in Wisconsin have been renamed and two have been proposed.

County Dates Etymology Fate
Bad Ax(e) County 1851–1862 The Bad Axe River, Battle of Bad Axe
(County variably named with 'Ax' or 'Axe' depending on source)
Renamed Vernon County in 1862.
Century County 2011 Proposed in 1997 for creation after the year 2000; the name was selected to represent "a new county for a new century". Because of issues with delivery of services by the county government, some residents of Marshfield proposed a new county to be created from several towns in Clark, Marathon, and Wood Counties, the city of Marshfield, and the village of Spencer.
Dallas County 1859–1869 George M. Dallas
(1792–1864)
Vice President of the United States
(1845–49)
Renamed Barron County in 1869.
Gates County 1901–1905 Milwaukee land speculator James L. Gates Renamed Rusk County in 1905.
La Pointe County 1845–1866 Renamed Bayfield County in 1866.
New County 1879–1880 A new county formed from part of Oconto County Renamed Langlade County in 1880
Tuskola County 1850 proposed county to come from Washington County in 1850 Within modern Washington and Ozaukee counties [1]
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