Columbia County, Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Columbia County, Wisconsin
Map
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Columbia County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat Portage
Largest City Portage
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

796 sq mi (2,062 km²)
766 sq mi (1,984 km²)
30 sq mi (78 km²), 3.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

56,833
74/sq mi (29/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.columbia.wi.us

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,833. Its county seat and largest city is Portage. The county was created in 1846. At the time, it was in the Wisconsin Territory.

Columbia County is part of the Madison, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 796 square miles (2,060 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (3.8%) is water. The county's highest point is Gibraltar Rock at 1,247 feet above sea level. The high butte-shaped bluff is located north of Lodi overlooking the Lake Wisconsin River valley.

Major highways

  • I-39.svg Interstate 39
  • I-90.svg Interstate 90
  • I-94.svg Interstate 94
  • US 51.svg U.S. Highway 51
  • US 151.svg U.S. Highway 151
  • WIS 13.svg Highway 13
  • WIS 16.svg Highway 16
  • WIS 22.svg Highway 22
  • WIS 23.svg Highway 23
  • WIS 33.svg Highway 33
  • WIS 44.svg Highway 44
  • WIS 60.svg Highway 60
  • WIS 73.svg Highway 73
  • WIS 78.svg Highway 78
  • WIS 89.svg Highway 89
  • WIS 113.svg Highway 113
  • WIS 127.svg Highway 127
  • WIS 146.svg Highway 146
  • WIS 188.svg Highway 188

Airports

  • 94C - Gilbert Field airport serves the county and surrounding communities.
  • C47 - Portage Municipal Airport supports the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,565
1860 24,441 155.5%
1870 28,802 17.8%
1880 28,065 −2.6%
1890 28,350 1.0%
1900 31,121 9.8%
1910 31,129 0.0%
1920 30,468 −2.1%
1930 30,503 0.1%
1940 32,517 6.6%
1950 34,023 4.6%
1960 36,708 7.9%
1970 40,150 9.4%
1980 43,222 7.7%
1990 45,088 4.3%
2000 52,468 16.4%
2010 56,833 8.3%
Est. 2015 56,743 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014
USA Columbia County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Columbia County
ColumbiaCountyLawEnforcementCenterWIS33
Columbia County Law Enforcement Center
Columbus Wisconsin 11
Columbus, Wisconsin
Doylestown Wisconsin Municipal Building
Doylestown Wisconsin Municipal Building

As of the census of 2000, there were 52,468 people, 20,439 households, and 14,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,685 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.18% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.4% were of German, 10.2% Norwegian, 7.8% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.0% United States or American ancestry.

There were 20,439 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Columbia County, Wisconsin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.