Bayfield County, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Bayfield County, Wisconsin
Map
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Bayfield County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded April 12, 1850
Seat Washburn
Largest City Washburn
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,042 sq mi (5,289 km²)
1,478 sq mi (3,828 km²)
564 sq mi (1,461 km²), 28%
PopulationEst.
 - (2014)
 - Density

14,985
10/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.bayfieldcounty.org
Named for: Henry Bayfield

Bayfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,014. Its county seat is Washburn. The county was created in 1845 and organized in 1850.

History

Originally, in 1848 it was named La Pointe County, Wisconsin. After Douglas (1854) and Ashland (1860) Counties were split off from the original La Pointe County, the remainder was renamed Bayfield County on April 12, 1866.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,042 square miles (5,290 km2), of which 1,478 square miles (3,830 km2) is land and 564 square miles (1,460 km2) (28%) is water. It is the third-largest county in Wisconsin by total area and second-largest by land area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 63.svg U.S. Highway 63
  • WIS 13.svg Highway 13 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 27.svg Highway 27 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 118.svg Highway 118 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 137.svg Highway 137 (Wisconsin)

Airport

Cable Union Airport (FAA LID: 3CU) serves Bayfeild County and the surrounding communities.

National protected areas

  • Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (part)
  • Chequamegon National Forest (part)
  • Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 489
1860 353 −27.8%
1870 344 −2.5%
1880 564 64.0%
1890 7,390 1,210.3%
1900 14,392 94.7%
1910 15,987 11.1%
1920 17,201 7.6%
1930 15,006 −12.8%
1940 15,827 5.5%
1950 13,760 −13.1%
1960 11,910 −13.4%
1970 11,683 −1.9%
1980 13,822 18.3%
1990 14,008 1.3%
2000 15,013 7.2%
2010 15,014 0.0%
Est. 2015 14,977 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014
USA Bayfield County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Bayfield County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,014 people residing in the county. 86.7% were White, 9.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 2.9% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,013 people, 6,207 households, and 4,276 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 11,640 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.46% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 9.39% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.3% were of German, 10.4% Norwegian, 8.4% Swedish, 6.1% Irish, 5.9% Polish, 5.7% Finnish and 5.0% English ancestry. 96.8% spoke English as their first language.

There were 6,207 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males.

Communities

Bayfield County Wisconsin Sign US2 WIS13
County sign on US2 / WIS13

Cities

Village

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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