Ashland County, Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ashland County, Wisconsin
Map
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Ashland County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 27, 1860
Seat Ashland
Largest City Ashland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,292 sq mi (5,936 km²)
1,045 sq mi (2,707 km²)
1,247 sq mi (3,230 km²), 54%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

16,157
15/sq mi (6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.ashland.wi.us/
Named for: Henry Clay's farm Ashland

Ashland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,157. Its county seat is Ashland. The county was formed on March 27, 1860, from La Pointe County.

History

Ashland County was named in honor of the Lexington estate of Kentucky statesman Henry Clay, as one of the founders of the city of Ashland was an admirer of Clay.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,292 square miles (5,940 km2), of which 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2) is land and 1,247 square miles (3,230 km2) (54%) is water. It is the second-largest county in Wisconsin by total area. The Apostle Islands are a small group of islands in Lake Superior, off the Bayfield Peninsula with the majority of the islands located in Ashland County — only Sand, York and Raspberry Islands are in Bayfield County.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • WIS 13.svg Highway 13 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 77.svg Highway 77 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 112.svg Highway 112 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 118.svg Highway 118 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 137.svg Highway 137 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 169.svg Highway 169 (Wisconsin)

Airports

  • John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport (KASX) serves the county and surrounding communities.
  • Major Gilbert Field Airport (4R5) enhances county service.

National protected area

  • Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (part)
  • Chequamegon National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 515
1870 221 −57.1%
1880 1,559 605.4%
1890 20,063 1,186.9%
1900 20,176 0.6%
1910 21,965 8.9%
1920 24,538 11.7%
1930 21,054 −14.2%
1940 21,801 3.5%
1950 19,461 −10.7%
1960 17,375 −10.7%
1970 16,743 −3.6%
1980 16,783 0.2%
1990 16,307 −2.8%
2000 16,866 3.4%
2010 16,157 −4.2%
Est. 2015 15,843 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014
USA Ashland County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ashland County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,157 people residing in the county. 84.6% were White, 11.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.3% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 25.6% were of German, 7.6% Finnish, 6.8% American, 6.5% Irish and 5.3% Norwegian ancestry.

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,866 people, 6,718 households, and 4,279 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 8,883 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.10% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 10.35% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.8% were of German, 8.4% Finnish, 7.4% Polish, 7.4% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.6% spoke English as their first language. The reservation of the Bad River Chippewa Band is partially located in the county.

There were 6,718 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

Communities

Ashland county, wisconsin, 1895
Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas
Ashland County Wisconsin Sign US2 Bad River Indian Reservation
Entrance sign on U.S. Route 2

Cities

Village

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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