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Ontonagon County, Michigan facts for kids

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Ontonagon County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Ontonagon County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 9, 1843 set off
1848 organized
Seat Ontonagon
Largest village Ontonagon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,741 sq mi (9,689 km²)
1,311 sq mi (3,395 km²)
2,430 sq mi (6,294 km²), 65%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,780
5.2/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Copper-Quartz-142201
Native copper from Ontonagon County.

Ontonagon County (/ˌɒntəˈnɑːɡən/ ON-tə-NAH-gən) is a county in the Upper peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,780, making it Michigan's third-least populous county. The county seat is Ontonagon. The county was set off in 1843, and organized in 1848. Its territory had been organized as part of Chippewa and Mackinac counties. With increasing population in the area, more counties were organized. After Ontonagon was organized, it was split to create Gogebic County.

The county is named after the Ontonagon River. The name is said to be derived from an Ojibwe language word Nondon-organ, meaning "hunting river." A French transliteration, Nantounagon, identified the river on a 1670 French map. Alternatively, it is said to be derived from the Ojibwa onagon, which means "dish" or "bowl." See List of Michigan county name etymologies.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,741 square miles (9,690 km2), of which 1,311 square miles (3,400 km2) is land and 2,430 square miles (6,300 km2) (65%) is water. It is the third-largest county in Michigan by area.

At a longitude of 89.5°W, it is the westernmost county in the United States contained entirely within the Eastern Time Zone.

Geographic features

  • Lake Superior
  • Lake Gogebic is the largest lake in the Upper Peninsula.
  • Corpse Pond
  • Ontonagon River
  • Firesteel River
  • Flintsteel River
  • Halfway Creek
  • Townline Creek
  • Maple Leaf Creek

Major highways

  • US 45
  • M-26
  • M-28
  • M-38
  • M-64

Airport

Ontonagon County Airport (KOGM) serves the county and surrounding communities.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Keweenaw National Historical Park (part)
  • Ottawa National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 389
1860 4,568 1,074.3%
1870 2,845 −37.7%
1880 2,565 −9.8%
1890 3,756 46.4%
1900 6,197 65.0%
1910 8,650 39.6%
1920 12,428 43.7%
1930 11,114 −10.6%
1940 11,359 2.2%
1950 10,282 −9.5%
1960 10,584 2.9%
1970 10,548 −0.3%
1980 9,861 −6.5%
1990 8,854 −10.2%
2000 7,818 −11.7%
2010 6,780 −13.3%
Est. 2015 6,007 −11.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
Largest ancestries (2000) Percent
Finnish Finland 26.0%
German Germany 20.4%
English England 9.4%
Irish Republic of Ireland 8.6%
French France 8.1%
Polish Poland 7.5%
Swedish Sweden 6.7%
Norwegian Norway 3.5%
French Canadian France Canada 3.3%
Italian Italy 3.3%

The 2010 United States Census indicates Ontonagon County had a population of 6,780. This is a decrease of 1038 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a -13.3% change in population. In 2010 there were 3,258 households and 1,954 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 5,672 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). 97.3% of the population were White, 1.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.1% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

There were 3,258 households out of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.61.

In the county, the population was spread out with 15.8% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 16.7% from 25 to 44, 37.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52.7 years. The population is 51.6% male and 48.4% female.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,786, and the median income for a family was $46,845. The per capita income for the county was $22,195. About 9.0% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Village

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Ghost town

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