Chippewa County, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Chippewa County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Chippewa County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 22, 1826
Seat Sault Ste. Marie
Largest City Sault Ste. Marie
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,698 sq mi (6,988 km²)
1,558 sq mi (4,035 km²)
1,140 sq mi (2,953 km²), 42%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

38,520
25/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.chippewacountymi.gov
Named for: Ojibwe people
County logo Logo of Chippewa County, Michigan
Chippewa county, MI 1904
Chippewa County, Michigan from 1904 Michigan County Maps

Chippewa County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,520. The county seat is Sault Ste. Marie. The county is named for the Chippewa tribe, and was set off and organized in 1826.

Chippewa County comprises the Sault Ste. Marie, MI micropolitan statistical area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,698 square miles (6,990 km2), of which 1,558 square miles (4,040 km2) is land and 1,140 square miles (3,000 km2) (42%) is water. It is the second-largest county in Michigan by land area and fifth-largest by total area.

The Michigan Meridian runs through the eastern portion of the county. South of Nine Mile Road, M-129 (Meridian Road) overlays the meridian. In Sault Ste. Marie, Meridian Street north of 12th Avenue overlays the meridian.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge
  • Hiawatha National Forest (part)
  • Whitefish Point Unit of the Seney National Wildlife Refuge

Game areas

The Munuscong Bay is open for recreation uses, such as hunting, boating and bird watching. The area is known for its duck hunting, including mallards, divers and green-winged teal ducks. The Bay is most known for its icefishing and duck hunting. During opening weekend of duck season (late September), hundreds of hunters come from all over the state to begin their season on the Bay. This area has many types of waterfowl pass through it each year on their southern and northern migrations.

Transportation

State highways

All Interstate and US Highways in Michigan, like all state-maintained highways, are part of the Michigan State Trunkline Highway System.

  • I-73 (future)
  • I-75 ends at the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge at the Canada border.
  • M-28
  • M-48
  • M-80
  • M-123
  • M-129
  • M-134
  • M-221
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link BS|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev BS]] travels from I-75 into downtown Sault Ste. Marie.

County-designated highways

The following highways are maintained by the Chippewa County Road Commission as part of the county road system. They are assigned numbers by the Michigan Department of Transportation as part of the County-Designated Highway System.

  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]] runs via Mackinac Trail, the former route of US 2 before it was replaced by I-75 in 1962.

In addition, the county road commission jointly maintains Whitefish Bay National Forest Scenic Byway, a National Forest Scenic Byway with the US Forest Service.

Airports

Chippewa County International Airport (CIU) serves Chippewa county and the surrounding communities.

Drummond Island Airport (DRM) enhances county service.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 626
1840 534 −14.7%
1850 898 68.2%
1860 1,603 78.5%
1870 1,689 5.4%
1880 5,248 210.7%
1890 12,019 129.0%
1900 21,338 77.5%
1910 24,472 14.7%
1920 24,818 1.4%
1930 25,047 0.9%
1940 27,807 11.0%
1950 29,206 5.0%
1960 32,655 11.8%
1970 32,412 −0.7%
1980 29,029 −10.4%
1990 34,604 19.2%
2000 38,543 11.4%
2010 38,520 −0.1%
Est. 2015 38,033 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

The 2010 United States Census indicates Chippewa County had a population of 38,520. This is a decrease of 23 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a -0.1% change in population. In 2010 there were 14,329 households and 9,106 families in the county. The population density was 24.7 per square mile (9.5 square kilometers). There were 21,253 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3 square kilometers). 72.3% of the population were White, 15.8% Native American, 6.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% of some other race and 4.6% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 17.0% were of German, 11.8% English, 12.2% Irish, 8.8% French, 6.4% Polish ancestry.

There were 14,329 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were husband and wife families, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 29.5% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.1% under age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. The population was 55.1% male and 44.9% female.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate indicates the median income for a household in the county was $39,351 and the median income for a family was $54,625. Males had a median income of $25,760 versus $16,782 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,334. About 2.3% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under the age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Village

Unincorporated communities

Townships


Chippewa County, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.