Mackinac County, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Mackinac County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Mackinac County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded October 26, 1818
organized 1849
Seat St. Ignace
Largest City St. Ignace
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,101 sq mi (5,442 km²)
1,022 sq mi (2,647 km²)
1,079 sq mi (2,795 km²), 51%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

11,113
11/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.mackinaccounty.net
Named for: Straits of Mackinac

Mackinac County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,113. The county seat is St. Ignace. Formerly known as Michilimackinac County, in 1818 it was one of the first counties of the Michigan Territory, as it had long been a center of French and British colonial fur trading, a Catholic church and Protestant mission, and associated settlement.

The county's name is believed to be shortened from "Michilimackinac", which referred to the Straits of Mackinac area as well as the French settlement at the tip of the lower peninsula.

History

An 1835 Map Of Michigan shows the "Township of Michilimackinac" encompassing the Upper Peninsula and the entirety of Northern Michigan.
An 1835 Map Of Michigan shows the "Township of Michilimackinac" encompassing the Upper Peninsula and the entirety of Northern Michigan.
As settlers arrived between 1840 and 1853, the state broke up the single Michilimackinac County and established platted counties across Northern Michigan.
As settlers arrived between 1840 and 1853, the state broke up the single Michilimackinac County and established platted counties across Northern Michigan.
See also: History of Northern Michigan

Michilimackinac County was created on October 26, 1818, by proclamation of territorial governor Lewis Cass. The county originally encompassed the Lower Peninsula of Michigan north of Macomb County and almost the entire present Upper Peninsula. As later counties were settled and organized, they were divided from this territory.

At the time of founding, the county seat was the community of Michilimackinac Island on Michilimackinac Island, later known as Mackinac Island, Michigan. This has been an important center for fur trading before the 1830s, when European demand declined. The county was organized in 1849 as Mackinac County. In 1882 the county seat was moved from Mackinac Island to St. Ignace, Michigan, which had been founded as a French Jesuit mission village during the colonial years.

Mackinac County is home to the Mackinac Bands of Chippewa and Ottawa Indians, a Native American tribe located in St. Ignace.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,101 square miles (5,440 km2), of which 1,022 square miles (2,650 km2) is land and 1,079 square miles (2,790 km2) (51%) is water. Mackinac County lies at the boundary of Lake Huron and Lake Michigan.

St. Ignace is the northern terminus of the Mackinac Bridge. Mackinac Island is within the county.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Hiawatha National Forest (part)

Transportation

Airports

The Mackinac County Airport (83D) in St. Ignace and Mackinac Island Airport (MCD) on Mackinac Island are located within Mackinac County. The nearest airports with scheduled commercial passenger service are Chippewa County International Airport (CIU) in Sault Ste. Marie and Pellston Regional Airport (PLN).

Highways

  • I-73 (future)
  • I-75
  • BL I-75
  • US 2
  • M-48
  • M-117
  • M-123
  • M-129
  • M-134
  • M-185

M-185 does not allow motor vehicles with the exception of emergency vehicles.

County-designated highways

  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]

Ferry

Numerous companies operate ferries to Bois Blanc Island and Mackinac Island. Ferries to and from Mackinac Island sail from St. Ignace and Mackinaw City, while the Bois Blanc Island ferry sails from Cheboygan.

Rail

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 877
1840 923 5.2%
1850 3,598 289.8%
1860 1,938 −46.1%
1870 1,716 −11.5%
1880 2,902 69.1%
1890 7,830 169.8%
1900 7,703 −1.6%
1910 9,249 20.1%
1920 8,026 −13.2%
1930 8,783 9.4%
1940 9,438 7.5%
1950 9,287 −1.6%
1960 10,853 16.9%
1970 9,660 −11.0%
1980 10,178 5.4%
1990 10,674 4.9%
2000 11,943 11.9%
2010 11,113 −6.9%
Est. 2015 10,890 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

The 2010 United States Census ireported that Mackinac County had a population of 11,113. This was a decrease of 830 (-6.9%) from the 2000 United States Census. In 2010 there were 5,024 households and 3,219 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 per square mile (5/km²). There were 11,010 housing units at an average density of 11/sq mi (4/km²). 76.5% of the population were White, 17.3% Native American, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 5.3% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 18.5% were of German, 8.8% English, 8.0% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 7.6% Irish and 5.1% Polish ancestry.

There were 5,024 households of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.7.

18.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 19.3% from 25 to 44, 34.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. The population was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

The median household income was $39,055 and the median family income was $50,984. The per capita income was $22,195. About 10.5% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

Mackinac County is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette.

Historical markers

There are 34 official state historical markers in the County:

  • Across the Peninsula
  • American Fur Company Store
  • Battlefield of 1814
  • Biddle House
  • Bois Blanc Island
  • British Cannon
  • British Landing
  • Early Missionary Bark Chapel
  • Epoufette
  • Fort de Buade
  • Fort Holmes
  • Grand Hotel
  • Gros Cap Island & St. Helena Island
  • Historic Fort Mackinac
  • Indian Dormitory
  • Island House (Mackinac Island)
  • Lake Michigan
  • Lake View Hotel
  • Little Stone Church
  • Mackinac Conference
  • Mackinac Island
  • Mackinac Straits
  • Market Street
  • Mission Church
  • Mission House
  • Northernmost Point of Lake Michigan
  • Old Agency House
  • Round Island Lighthouse
  • Sainte Anne Church
  • St. Ignace
  • St. Ignace Mission
  • Skull Cave
  • Trinity Church (Mackinac Island)
  • Wawashkamo Golf Club

Attractions

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships


Mackinac County, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.