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Oneida County, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Oneida County
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oneida County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
Founded 1887
Named for Oneida people
Seat Rhinelander
Largest city Rhinelander
Area
 • Total 1,236 sq mi (3,200 km2)
 • Land 1,113 sq mi (2,880 km2)
 • Water 123 sq mi (320 km2)  10%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 35,998
 • Estimate 
(2020)
35,751
 • Density 29.125/sq mi (11.245/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 7th

Oneida County is a county in the state of Wisconsin, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 35,998. Its county seat is Rhinelander.

History

Oneida County was formed in 1887 from sections of Lincoln County. It was named after the indigenous Oneida tribe, one of the five nations of the Iroquois.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2) is land and 123 square miles (320 km2) (10%) is water. Most people visit Oneida County to enjoy its lakes. In particular, tourists flock to Minocqua, a town of nearly 5,000 people with a summer population around 15,000.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 8.svg U.S. Highway 8
  • US 45.svg U.S. Highway 45
  • US 51.svg U.S. Highway 51
  • WIS 17.svg Highway 17 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 32.svg Highway 32 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 47.svg Highway 47 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 70.svg Highway 70 (Wisconsin)

Airport

The Rhinelander-Oneida County Airport (KRHI) serves the county and surrounding communities with both scheduled commercial jet service and general aviation services. Located two miles southwest of Rhinelander, the airport handles approximately 24,860 operations per year, with approximately 88% general aviation, 6% scheduled commercial air service and 6% air taxi. The airport has a 6,799-ft. concrete runway with approved ILS, GPS and VOR/DME approaches (Runway 9-27) and a 5,201-ft. asphalt crosswind runway with approved GPS approaches (Runway 15-33). In addition, the Rhinelander VORTAC (RHI) navigational facility is located at the field.

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,010
1900 8,875 77.1%
1910 11,433 28.8%
1920 13,996 22.4%
1930 15,899 13.6%
1940 18,938 19.1%
1950 20,648 9.0%
1960 22,112 7.1%
1970 24,427 10.5%
1980 31,216 27.8%
1990 31,679 1.5%
2000 36,776 16.1%
2010 35,998 −2.1%
2020 (est.) 35,751 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020
USA Oneida County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oneida County

At the census of 2000, 36,776 people, 15,333 households, and 10,487 families resided in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). The 26,627 housing units averaged 24 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. About 0.66% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. The ancestry of the population was around 44.4% was of German, 8.8% Polish, 7.9% Irish, 5.2% Norwegian, and 5.2% English.

Of the 15,333 households, 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were not families. About 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was distributed as 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

In 2017, there were 324 births, giving a general fertility rate of 66.2 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 24th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.

Communities

Oneida County Wisconsin Sign US 45
Oneida County sign on U.S. Route 45

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

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