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Monroe County, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Monroe County
Monroe County Courthouse in Sparta
Monroe County Courthouse in Sparta
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Monroe County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
Founded 1854 DT Moseley was the first white child born to settlers in Monroe County.
Named for James Monroe
Seat Sparta
Largest city Sparta
Area
 • Total 908 sq mi (2,350 km2)
 • Land 901 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 44,673
 • Estimate 
(2020)
46,582
 • Density 49.199/sq mi (18.996/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 3rd, 7th

Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,673. Its county seat is Sparta.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 908 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 901 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.8%) is water.

United States Army posts

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 8,410
1870 16,550 96.8%
1880 21,607 30.6%
1890 23,211 7.4%
1900 28,103 21.1%
1910 28,881 2.8%
1920 28,666 −0.7%
1930 28,739 0.3%
1940 30,080 4.7%
1950 31,378 4.3%
1960 31,241 −0.4%
1970 31,610 1.2%
1980 35,074 11.0%
1990 36,633 4.4%
2000 40,899 11.6%
2010 44,673 9.2%
2020 (est.) 46,582 4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020
USA Monroe County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Monroe County.

As of the census of 2000, there were 40,899 people, 15,399 households, and 10,794 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 16,672 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.52% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.5% were of German, 13.4% Norwegian, 7.6% Irish, 6.3% American and 5.0% English ancestry. 92.9% spoke English, 3.1% German and 2.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 15,399 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.60 males.

In 2010, the reported adherence figures for the largest religious groups in Monroe County were Catholic at 9,250 adherents, Wisconsin Synod Lutheran at 3,102 adherents, ELCA Lutheran at 2,297 adherents, Amish at 1,627 adherents, LCMC Lutheran at 1,270 adherents, and United Methodist at 1,155 adherents.

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

  • Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport
  • Bloyer Field Airport (Y72)

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Images for kids

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