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Sparta, Wisconsin
Skyline of Sparta, Wisconsin
Nickname(s): Bicycling Capital of America
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Monroe
Area
 • Total 6.60 sq mi (17.09 km2)
 • Land 6.54 sq mi (16.94 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,522
 • Estimate (2015) 9,679
 • Density 1,456.0/sq mi (562.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Sparta is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States, along the La Crosse River. The population was 9,522 at the 2010 census . Sparta is known as the Bicycling Capital of America.

History

A post office has been in operation at Sparta since 1852. The city was named after Sparta, the ancient Greek city-state.

Geography

Sparta is located at 43°56′35″N 90°48′42″W / 43.94306°N 90.81167°W / 43.94306; -90.81167 (43.943061, −90.811818).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.60 square miles (17.09 km2), of which 6.54 square miles (16.94 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.

Climate

Sparta's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average high temperature of 85 °F (29 °C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 63 °F (18 °C). January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 26 °F (−4 °C), with the overnight low temperatures around 6 °F (−14 °C).

Transportation

The Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport serves general aviation for the area.

Railroad tracks owned by Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) pass through Sparta, providing freight service.

The city is served by several major highways, including Interstate 90, Wisconsin State Highway 16, Wisconsin State Highway 21, Wisconsin State Highway 27, and Wisconsin State Highway 71.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,284
1870 2,314 80.2%
1880 2,387 3.2%
1890 2,795 17.1%
1900 3,555 27.2%
1910 3,973 11.8%
1920 4,466 12.4%
1930 4,949 10.8%
1940 5,820 17.6%
1950 5,893 1.3%
1960 6,080 3.2%
1970 6,258 2.9%
1980 6,934 10.8%
1990 7,788 12.3%
2000 8,648 11.0%
2010 9,522 10.1%
Est. 2015 9,679 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,522 people, 3,986 households, and 2,342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,456.0 inhabitants per square mile (562.2/km2). There were 4,192 housing units at an average density of 641.0 per square mile (247.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.

There were 3,986 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,648 people, 3,583 households, and 2,217 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,582.2 people per square mile (610.4/km²). There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 683.0 per square mile (263.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.97% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,583 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,397, and the median income for a family was $42,182. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,634 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,238. About 10.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Annual events

Butterfest is an annual event in the city. Incorporated on February 14, 1984, it was formed to raise funds and conduct fund raising projects for the advancement of the general welfare of the city of Sparta. Other events include:

  • Concerts in the Park
  • Sound Taps Wisconsin July 4 Celebration
  • Sparta Area Cancer Support Walk
  • Leon Gatorfest
  • Crazy Dayz
  • Women's Softball Tournament
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