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Lafayette County, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Lafayette County
Lafayette County Courthouse in 1982
Lafayette County Courthouse in 1982
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Lafayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
Founded 1846
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Darlington
Largest city Darlington
Area
 • Total 635 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Land 634 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 16,836
 • Estimate 
(2020)
16,646
 • Density 26.513/sq mi (10.237/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Lafayette County, sometimes spelled La Fayette County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It was part of the Wisconsin Territory at the time of its founding. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,836. Its county seat is Darlington. The county was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who rendered assistance to the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. The courthouse scenes from the 2009 film Public Enemies were filmed at the Lafayette County Courthouse in Darlington.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 151.svg U.S. Highway 151
  • WIS 11.svg Highway 11 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 23.svg Highway 23 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 78.svg Highway 78 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 81.svg Highway 81 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 126.svg Highway 126 (Wisconsin)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 11,531
1860 18,134 57.3%
1870 22,659 25.0%
1880 21,279 −6.1%
1890 20,265 −4.8%
1900 20,959 3.4%
1910 20,075 −4.2%
1920 20,002 −0.4%
1930 18,649 −6.8%
1940 18,695 0.2%
1950 18,137 −3.0%
1960 18,142 0.0%
1970 17,456 −3.8%
1980 17,412 −0.3%
1990 16,076 −7.7%
2000 16,137 0.4%
2010 16,836 4.3%
2020 (est.) 16,646 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020
USA Lafayette County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Lafayette County

As of the 2000 census, there were 16,137 people, 6,211 households, and 4,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,674 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.03% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of German, 17.5% Norwegian, 13.6% Irish, 11.9% English, 6.8% Swiss and 6.0% American ancestry.

There were 6,211 households, out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

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