Jo Daviess County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Jo Daviess County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Jo Daviess County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1827
Seat Galena
Largest City Galena
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

619 sq mi (1,603 km²)
601 sq mi (1,557 km²)
18 sq mi (47 km²), 2.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

22,691
38/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.jodaviess.org
Named for: Joseph Hamilton Daveiss

Jo Daviess County (/ ˈdvɪs/) is a county located in the northwest corner of U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,678. Its county seat is Galena.

Jo Daviess County is part of the Tri-State Area and is located near Dubuque, Iowa and Platteville, Wisconsin. As part of the Driftless Area, Jo Daviess County is known for its scenic stretches of road and valley views. Within Jo Daviess County lies Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois.

History

Jo Daviess County was formed in 1827 out of Henry and Putnam Counties. It is named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, United States District Attorney for Kentucky, who was killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Maj. Daveiss' name is universally misspelled, as in the name of this and other counties. The local pronunciation is "Davis". Jo Daviess County was founded exclusively by immigrants from New England. These were old stock "Yankee" immigrants, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal caused a surge in New England immigration to what was then the Northwest Territory. The end of the Black Hawk War led to an additional surge of immigration, once again coming almost exclusively from the six New England states as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these later settlers were from upstate New York and had parents who had moved to that region from New England shortly after the Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Jo Daviess County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history. These settlers were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Jo Daviess County. The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions and some factions, including those in Jo Daviess County are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ. As a result of this heritage the vast majority of inhabitants in Jo Daviess County, much like antebellum New England were overwhelmingly in favor of the abolitionist movement during the decades leading up to the Civil War. In the late 1880s and early 1890s Irish and German migrants began moving into Jo Daviess County, most of these later immigrants did not move directly from Ireland and Germany, but rather from other areas in the Midwest where they had been living, particularly the state of Ohio.

County border changes

  • 1830- The northern border of Illinois and Wisconsin was formally established. Until that time, several Wisconsin towns actually were under the jurisdiction of Jo Daviess County.
  • 1831- Rock Island County was formed from a part of the county, along with a new northern extension of Henry County and Putnam County.
  • 1836- Whiteside, Ogle, and Winnebago counties were formed from the southern and eastern sections of the county.
  • 1837- Stephenson County was formed from the eastern section of the county.
  • 1839- Carroll County was formed from the southern section of the county.

Geography

Charles Mound, Illinois
Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois at 1235 feet, is located near Scales Mound in Jo Daviess County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 601 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.9%) is water.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Galena, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.1
 
27
9
 
 
1.3
 
33
14
 
 
2.3
 
45
25
 
 
3.3
 
59
36
 
 
3.7
 
71
47
 
 
4.6
 
81
57
 
 
3.3
 
84
62
 
 
4.4
 
82
60
 
 
3.6
 
74
51
 
 
2.5
 
62
39
 
 
2.6
 
45
27
 
 
1.6
 
32
16
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galena have ranged from a low of 9 °F (−13 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −34 °F (−37 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.14 inches (29 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in June.

Major highways

  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20
  • Illinois 35.svg Illinois Route 35
  • Illinois 78.svg Illinois Route 78
  • Illinois 84.svg Illinois Route 84

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge (part)

Demographics

USA Jo Daviess County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Jo Daviess County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,111
1840 6,180 192.8%
1850 18,604 201.0%
1860 27,325 46.9%
1870 27,820 1.8%
1880 27,528 −1.0%
1890 25,101 −8.8%
1900 24,533 −2.3%
1910 22,657 −7.6%
1920 21,917 −3.3%
1930 20,235 −7.7%
1940 19,989 −1.2%
1950 21,459 7.4%
1960 21,821 1.7%
1970 21,766 −0.3%
1980 23,520 8.1%
1990 21,821 −7.2%
2000 22,289 2.1%
2010 22,691 1.8%
Est. 2015 22,086 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,678 people, 9,753 households, and 6,514 families residing in the county. The population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 13,574 housing units at an average density of 22.6 per square mile (8.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 49.4% were German, 19.7% were Irish, 11.1% were English, and 8.5% were American.

Of the 9,753 households, 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 47.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,279 and the median income for a family was $60,381. Males had a median income of $38,372 versus $29,412 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,819. About 5.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Galena Il Galena Historic District Downtown1
Downtown Galena (the county seat) viewed from the U.S. Grant Home

Townships

Jo Daviess County is divided into twenty-three townships:

  • Apple River
  • Berreman
  • Council Hill
  • Derinda
  • Dunleith
  • East Galena
  • Elizabeth
  • Guilford
  • Hanover
  • Menominee
  • Nora
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Rawlins
  • Rice
  • Rush
  • Scales Mound
  • Stockton
  • Thompson
  • Vinegar Hill
  • Wards Grove
  • Warren
  • West Galena
  • Woodbine

Jo Daviess County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.