Ogle County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ogle County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Ogle County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 16, 1836
Seat Oregon
Largest City Rochelle
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

763 sq mi (1,976 km²)
759 sq mi (1,966 km²)
4.4 sq mi (11 km²), 0.6%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

53,497
71/sq mi (27/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.oglecounty.org
Named for: Joseph Ogle

Ogle County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 53,497. Its county seat is Oregon, and its largest city is Rochelle.

Ogle County comprises Rochelle, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Ogle County was formed in 1836 out of Jo Daviess and LaSalle counties, and named in honor of Captain Joseph Ogle, a veteran of the Revolutionary War who came to Illinois in 1785. Ogle did not have an organized government until 1837, so for a year it remained attached to Jo Daviess County. The county was divided three years later in 1839, when Lee County was formed.

Ogle County was a New England settlement. The original founders of Oregon and Rochelle consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Ogle County there was nothing but a virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Culturally Ogle County, like much of northern Illinois would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture, for most of its history.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 763 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 759 square miles (1,970 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Climate

Weather chart for Oregon, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
26
10
 
 
1.4
 
32
15
 
 
2.6
 
44
27
 
 
3.6
 
58
37
 
 
4.3
 
70
48
 
 
4.9
 
79
58
 
 
3.5
 
82
62
 
 
4.5
 
80
60
 
 
3.3
 
73
51
 
 
2.7
 
62
39
 
 
2.8
 
45
28
 
 
2.1
 
31
17
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Oregon have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 82 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.43 inches (36 mm) in February to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in June.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 3,479
1850 10,020 188.0%
1860 22,888 128.4%
1870 27,492 20.1%
1880 29,937 8.9%
1890 28,710 −4.1%
1900 29,129 1.5%
1910 27,864 −4.3%
1920 26,830 −3.7%
1930 28,118 4.8%
1940 29,869 6.2%
1950 33,429 11.9%
1960 38,106 14.0%
1970 42,867 12.5%
1980 46,338 8.1%
1990 45,957 −0.8%
2000 51,032 11.0%
2010 53,497 4.8%
Est. 2015 51,659 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 53,497 people, 20,856 households, and 14,711 families residing in the county. The population density was 70.5 inhabitants per square mile (27.2/km2). There were 22,561 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile (11.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.0% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 10.2% were English, 6.4% were American, 5.3% were Swedish, and 5.3% were Norwegian.

Of the 20,856 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 40.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $55,733 and the median income for a family was $64,927. Males had a median income of $49,996 versus $32,082 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,959. About 6.6% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-39.svg Interstate 39
  • I-88.svg Interstate 88
  • US 51.svg U.S. Highway 51
  • US 52.svg U.S. Highway 52
  • Illinois 2.svg Illinois Route 2
  • Illinois 26.svg Illinois Route 26
  • Illinois 38.svg Illinois Route 38
  • Illinois 64.svg Illinois Route 64
  • Illinois 72.svg Illinois Route 72
  • Illinois 110.svg Illinois Route 110
  • Illinois 251.svg Illinois Route 251

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in the county:

Recreation

Parks

  • Castle Rock State Park
  • Lowden State Park
  • Lowden-Miller State Forest
  • Sinnissippi Farms
  • Weld Park
  • White Pines State Park

Nature Preserves

  • Beach Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve
  • Douglas E. Wade Prairie Nature Preserve
  • Jarrett Prairie Nature Preserve
  • Nachusa Grasslands

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

  • Brookville Township
  • Buffalo Township
  • Byron Township
  • Dement Township
  • Eagle Point Township
  • Flagg Township
  • Forreston Township
  • Grand Detour Township
  • Lafayette Township
  • Leaf River Township
  • Lincoln Township
  • Lynnville Township
  • Marion Township
  • Maryland Township
  • Monroe Township
  • Mount Morris Township
  • Oregon-Nashua Township
  • Pine Creek Township
  • Pine Rock Township
  • Rockvale Township
  • Scott Township
  • Taylor Township
  • White Rock Township
  • Woosung Township

Images for kids


Ogle County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.